The Evolution of Reverend Hale

How can a trial turn a religious minister into a man separated from a town’s power structure? In The Crucible, Reverend Hale is sent to Salem to deal with an alleged outbreak of witchcraft. At the beginning of the play, Hale is a confidant man, having just cured a witchcraft outbreak in his hometown of … Read more

Book Review of Theodore Taylor’s, The Cay

Cay It has been may years since I; Phillip Enright was stranded on the tiny island, Devil’s Mouth with my beloved friend Timothy, and our one comfort, Stew Cat. Its been 50 years to be exact and in all 61 years of my life, nothing has impacted me more than that time spent on the … Read more

Daneeka and Thoughtful Laughter in Catch-22

George Meredith once reasoned, “The true test of comedy is that it shall awaken thoughtful laughter.” The importance of encouraging thoughtful laughter in comedy lies in its ability to humorously provoke reflection of some greater idea or theme. In the dark comedy Catch-22, Joseph Heller provides witty writing and action alongside meaningful themes, a combination … Read more

The Color Metaphors and Their Portrayal in Lord of the Flies

In Sir William Golding’s Lord of the Flies, the symbolic use of color conveys the innocence and the evil on the island, as well as each of the boys’ personalities. The contrasting light and dark colors in the book symbolize the goodness and evil, the lighter colors symbolizing the boys’ innocence and morals, the darker … Read more

"Animal Farm" by George Orwell

In 1946, George Orwell would author one of the most notorious and astute books of all time, a book titled Animal Farm. Animal Farm takes place on a farm led by a pig by the name of Old Major. When he describes his dream to the fellow animals on the farm, he encourages them to … Read more

Raising Bazarov: The Sources of Bazarov’s Radicalism in Turgenev’s Fathers and Sons

The genesis of the Russian radical movement is portrayed in Ivan Turgenev’s classic novel Fathers and Sons as a shock which resonated throughout the Russian public sphere, effecting change within both families and society. Indeed, historian Daniel Brower argues in {em Training the Nihilists: Education and Radicalism in Tsarist Russia} that the radical movement changed … Read more

Publication is the Auction: Literary Interpretation

Dickinson’s poem “Publication –is the Auction” deals with the speaker’s disdain toward the publication of an author’s works. The speaker seems to regard the act of publishing work as an act of selling oneself short, compromising one’s purity and integrity. In the first line, the speaker conveys the impersonality of publication by comparing it to … Read more

Jane Eyre and Wide Sargasso Sea: Comparing the Peculiarities of Narrative Techniques

In a first-person narrative reflecting on the past, like Charlotte Bronte’s Jane Eyre or Jean Rhys’ expansion thereof, Wide Sargasso Sea, the presentation of the memories which constitute the story immensely affects the thematic impact of the work by reflecting the narrator’s feelings about their experiences. In the aforementioned novels, both narrators’ memories are colored … Read more

Analysis of Roland's Death

In the Song of Roland, the protagonist, Roland, faces his death as the end consequence of his self-conceited and prideful actions. In the beginning of the poem Oliver indicated the consistent prideful behavior of Roland in the past. Roland then proves Oliver’s point by fighting with only his own intentions in mind. In the end, … Read more

The Role of Miss Bates in "Emma"

While Miss Bates, in Jane Austen’s Emma, may initially be perceived as a minor character from afar, upon deeper analysis it can be noted that she is of capital importance in this novel. Serving as a representative of Highbury’s lower classes, Miss Bates not only gives readers an insight into their situation, but she also … Read more

A Dead Men’s Path

Imagine one day you are enjoying peace amongst your family and a white man forces his way into your place of living, driving you to surrender your social convictions. While he discloses to you that he and his men are better finished than you, yet they are the foreigners. Simply not recognizing what’s in store, … Read more

The role of Granny in "Black Boy"

Isaac Newton, a prominent English physicist and mathematician, devised his 3rd law of motion: For every action, there is an equal and opposite reaction. In the autobiography Black Boy by Richard Wright, a key influence in Richard’s life is his grandmother, referred to as Granny throughout the book, who incessantly tries to make Richard embrace … Read more

The Symbolism of Blood in the Novel "Dracula"

The rise of British Imperialism during the 1800’s created a new sense empowerment among English citizens and redefined British culture in the Victorian Era. During this time, British imperialists valued personal lineage and emphasized the importance of protecting one’s ancestral purity through rigid social customs and boundaries. These ideals developed a distinct class division which … Read more

The Ineffectiveness of the Film Adaptation All Summer in a Day Through the Analysis of Language Elements, Physical Elements and Casting

”All Summer in a Day” Translating a fictional text into a film is an art in its own. It’s a whole process, seeing the creation of one art into another one. The goal is to recreate the same feelings and emotions of the story into something visually appealing. The director tries to conserve the main … Read more

Devil, Religion, and Sin in Dr. Faustus

The traditional Christian message Christopher Marlowe was working with during the time he wrote Doctor Faustus stated that one should avoid leading a life of temptation and sin, the origins of which were rooted in an enterprising proprietor of evil generally referred to as the Devil. But if one does succumb to these debasements, atonement … Read more

Handkerchief: Symbolism, Role and Metaphor

Shakespeare weaves an intricate web ensnaring the characters in The Tragedy of Othello, The Moor of Venice. A handkerchief, a small and seemingly insignificant square of fabric, exerts magical powers over the characters as it transfers from person to person in the play. Six characters take possession of the handkerchief. Three (Othello, Desdemona, and Emilia) … Read more

Book Review: Antigone written by Sophocles

Antigone written by Sophocles, speaks about the power struggle between Antigone and her Uncle Creon who is the King of Thebes. Both characters seemed to have their own beliefs in how Antigone’s brother Polyneices should be buried. With both Creon and Antigone being strong-willed individuals, they refrain from changing their morals for anyone. As the … Read more

Peter Walsh Realtionship with Clarissa

“There was a dignity about her. She was not worldly, like Clarissa; not rich, like Clarissa. Was she, he wondered as she moved, respectable? Witty, with a lizard’s flickering tongue, he thought (for one must invent, must allow oneself a little diversion)…He pursued; she changed. There was colour in her cheeks; mockery in her eyes” … Read more

Illusion and Reality in "Araby" by James Joyce

Irving Howe, a literary and social critic, once noted that “the knowledge that makes us cherish innocence makes innocence unattainable”(Lifehack Quotes). Often depicted in the transition from childhood to adulthood, this loss of innocence is sorrowful yet eminent. A functioning society requires that individuals at some point transition from a world of illusion to a … Read more

Chastity virtues towards females.

The Chaste Chase: Britomart’s Naivety in The Faerie Queen Juliette Tang June 1, 2005 For a text of Elizabethan literature, Edmund Spenser’s The Faerie Queene is unique in its portrayal of chastity-a virtue generally associated with the domestic sphere-in the figure of Britomart the female warrior. Similarly unique is Britomart’s representation as an almost hermaphroditic … Read more

The Evolution of Elizabeth and Darcy’s Relationship

The need to reconsider first impressions runs throughout Jane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice. Both Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Darcy judge one another harshly based on first impressions, while Elizabeth also forms judgments of Mr. Wickham and Miss Darcy. Throughout the novel, as Elizabeth and Mr. Darcy see each other and others in a new light, … Read more

Similarities and Differences of Jonson’s “To Penshurst” and Marvell’s “Upon Appleton House”

Andrew Marvell’s “Upon Appleton House” and Ben Jonson’s “To Penshurst” share similarities characteristic of the English “Country House” poem, but they also contain notable differences from each other. Both “To Penshurst” and “Upon Appleton House” describe the respective estates and family life of the poets’ patrons in idyllic terms. An admiration for the aristocracy also … Read more

The Good, the Bad, and the Tragic: Morality in Hamlet, The Once and Future King, and Oedipus

We face moral dilemmas every day of our lives—whether it’s giving money to a homeless man or taking a peek at a peer’s chemistry test. Fortunately, the stakes aren’t high. The tragic figures of Hamlet, The Once and Future King, and Oedipus experience moral quandaries, too; only these characters struggle instead with violence, murder, and … Read more

Love for nature to create an illusion of untamed totality

Walt Whitman’s “Spontaneous Me” (Norton 2151-2152) crystallizes his attempt to create poems that appear natural, impulsive and untamed. The natural effect is a carefully crafted technique that appears throughout his writing, hinting at a philosophy of life while seeming to simply offer observation. As in “Song of Myself,” Whitman weaves together carefully chosen images to … Read more

John Keats’s Poems Ode To Nightingale And When I Have Fears That I May Cease To Be: A Study Of The Tone, Structure And Syntactical Structure

Close Reading of John Keats “Ode to a Nightingale,” by John Keats, details a speaker in thought whilst observing a nightingale singing nearby. This is not the only time in which Keats writes from the perspective of a pondering speaker, such as in “When I have Fears that I May Cease to Be,” but “Ode … Read more

Shakespeare’s King Lear and Shirwadkar’s Natsamrat: A Comparative Study

Introduction William Shakespeare is one of the greatest names in the world of English literature and same is the case with Vishnu Vaman Shirwadkar who is one of the renowned writers in the domain of Marathi literature. Both writers have their own genius and greatness and there could be no comparison between their writing. Both … Read more