“Home “by Warsan Shire

Home The poem “Home “by Warsan Shire focuses on the importance of home and demonstrates how the connotation of home is experienced by refugees. The poem urges the west host countries to show modest receiving attitude to welcome the refugees and understand their suffering and pain. The speaker uses powerful imagery and metaphor to evoke … Read more

Analysis of “Nuances of a Theme by Williams”

The title of Wallace Stevens’ poem “Nuances of a Theme by Williams” implies that he intends to comment on, possibly celebrate, and almost certainly explore the potential distinctions and variations available in the poem by William Carlos Williams titled “El Hombre.” Stevens includes “El Hombre,” in its entirety minus the title, in the opening four … Read more

Sama’ in Rumi’s poetry

The Sufi musical tradition, or Sama’, has been used as a way to connect with the divine for hundreds of years by incorporating poetry, song, and dance to praise God. For many mystics, this blend is the single most powerful link to God, and is considered an even more elevated form of worship than prayer. … Read more

Coleridge’s Poetry in “Conversation”

Coleridge’s Poetry in “Conversation” Nothing about Samuel Coleridge’s “conversation” poems is conventionally conversational. These poems do not create a dialogue between two characters, but instead focus on an internal dialogue that Coleridge’s personas have with themselves. For Coleridge, conversation is a personal, individual action. In “Sonnet to the River Otter” and “Frost at Midnight” the … Read more

Poetry and Society

Welcome back to another lesson on ‘Poetry and Society’. My name is Cody Kemp and I will be your lecturer for today. Over the past few sessions we have been analysing how poetry is a product of the period in which it was created. Today we will be moving on from romance poetry and taking … Read more

Testing One’s Faith in the Poetry of Hopkins

The central role of religion in Hopkins’ life gives it a similar significance in his poetry. The later poems by Hopkins, collectively generalised as the ‘Terrible Sonnets’, emphasise how religious doubt and faith, affected largely by personal circumstance, formed the foundation of Hopkins’ late work. As the ‘Terrible Sonnets’ were mostly written at a time … Read more

Parenting and Poetic Technique in “My Father’s Song” by Simon J. Ortiz and “Those Winter Sundays by Robert Hayden

The poem “My Father’s Song” is based on the wisdom and values, as well as traditions passed from old generation to new one. The speaker uses his life experience between him and his father to depict the variation of values and traditions between the old and new generation. In emphasizing his theme, the writer has … Read more

Analysis of ‘Dockery and Son’

‘Dockery and Son’ is a reflective, pensive and uncertain poem in which Larkin produces a sense of life drifting away and considers “how much had gone of life, / How widely from the others.” Although it cannot be assumed that the narrator is Larkin, the tone, ideas and reflections in the poem support a biographical … Read more

Perception Versus Truth in Roethke’s “In a Dark Time”

In Theodore Roethke’s poem, “In a Dark Time,” the speaker crosses over into the undiscovered world of insanity and communicates perceptions that others have disproved. Likely representative of Roethke’s own personal struggles with schizophrenia, “In a Dark Time” displays the thought process of a disturbed individual. Through Roethke’s use of deceptive rhyme, constant paradox, and … Read more

The Symbolism of Fidessa, Her Saracen Partner, and Her Fiance in The Faerie Queene

Fidessa’s character in Edmund Spenser’s “The Fairy Queene”, introduced in the second canto of book 1, is essential to the understanding of one of Spenser’s main messages in the poem: the Roman Catholic Church is corrupt and falsely interprets Christianity. Through Fidessa’s and her Saracen’s names, Fidessa’s characterization and dress, and the relaying of the … Read more

Carpe Diem: Wooing Lovers during the Renaissance (A Close Reading of Poetry)

Christopher Marlowe’s “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” and Andrew Marvell’s “To his Coy Mistress” offer powerful examples of sensual, carpe diem Renaissance poetry. In both poems, the poet-speakers attempt to spur their beloveds into action through various compliments and rhythmic patterns that create a hurried tone. However, the speakers’ tactics diverge at this point. … Read more

To His Coy Virgins

To His Coy Virgins The concept of carpe diem or “seize the day” is a popular poetic credo. Seventeenth century poets Andrew Marvell and Robert Herrick address carpe diem by admonishing young virgins against coyness and procrastination. Despite differences in device, motive, and narrative voice, Marvell’s “To His Coy Mistress” and Herrick’s “To the Virgins, … Read more

Materialism In William Wordsworth’S Poem “The World Is Too Much With Us”

In a rapidly developing and consumerist world, humanity has fallen deep into the rabbit hole of materialism. The root of man’s estrangement from nature stems from the ongoing issue of the wasteful trappings of society. Believe it or not it seems that the inevitable forces of materialism was also present—if not created—in the early nineteenth … Read more

The violence and volatile power

Power exists in many forms: weapons, threats, size, and even words. Amidst the violence and volatile power that exists between Israel and Palestine, Mahmoud Darwish attempts to influence people’s feelings through his poetry. In Darwish’s politically charged poems, he utilizes a combination of common symbols familiar to both Jewish and Arab peoples, and carefully chosen … Read more

Love and Its Corruption: Never the Time and the Place, Porphyria’s Lover and Andrea del Sarto

In both Porphyria’s Lover and Andrea del Sarto, Robert Browning explores the notions of love and its capacity to corrupt an individual’s character and potential through his signature diegetic form; the dramatic monologue. While the form of these two poems is based around an implied audience, the primary agent and core subject matter is the … Read more

Subverting Romance and Sexuality in “Goblin Market” and “No, Thank You, John”

In Literary Theory: The Basics, H. Bertens asserts that even in the works of culturally and sexually liberal male writers such as D.H Lawrence and Henry Miller, male characters are “denigrating, exploitative, and repressive in their relations with women.” In the poems Goblin Market and No, Thank You, John, Christina Rossetti subverts the idea that … Read more

Why Do People Need to Confess: The Analysis of Poe’s Poetry

In his essay, “The Philosophy of Composition,” Edgar Allan Poe writes that in an ideal poem, “two things are invariably required first, some amount of complexity, or more properly, adaptation; and, secondly, some amount of suggestiveness some under-current, however indefinite, of meaning.” While he claims to use this statement to justify the “suggestiveness” of the … Read more

The Life of the Party: Hedonism in Wallace Stevens’s “The Emperor of Ice Cream”

An event marked by sex and celebration, the wake in Wallace Stevens’s “The Emperor of Ice-Cream” is inescapably bizarre. Though one might expect an air of sobriety, importance, or – at the very least – reflection to characterize a discussion of death, the poem’s language and content are instead suffused with an almost nonsensical air … Read more

Relations between Men and Women in “The Waste Land”

In his poem “The Waste Land,” T.S. Eliot presents multiple relationships between men and women, both historical and of his own creation. The interactions that he describes allow the reader to infer how Eliot views relationships, sexuality, and gender. He presents relationships as dysfunctional while only focusing on their negative aspects. Through description of various … Read more