Behind the Words of e. e. cummings

Modernist poet Edward Estlin Cummings (pen name E. E. Cummings) uses diverse poetic structures in “Buffalo Bill’s” and “next to of course god america i” to draw the reader’s attention to the deeper meaning behind the words. Cummings experiments with capitalization, punctuation, and line breaks to lightly veil his personal opinions with humor and disorganization. … Read more

My Antonia: The Early-American Working Woman’s Reprimand

Despite the trajectories and implications Jim Burden may have imposed upon the female characters of My Antonia, each of the “hired girls” winds up successful by their own means, simultaneously demonstrating and defying the stereotypical roles of women during the late 19th century and ultimately cementing My Antonia as a critical work in Early-American feminist … Read more

Hamlet and Its Foul Ghost

Shakespeare has always been able to create characters richly dichotomous in nature. In “Hamlet, Prince of Denmark,” the portrayal of the ghost of Hamlet’s father vacillates through the play from Hamlet’s uncertainty of whether “it is an honest ghost” (144, l.5) or “a goblin damned” (40, l.4). In one sense, the ghost is honest in … Read more

Relation and contrasting view points of life

In John Keats’ “Ode to a Nightingale,” a despairing speaker overhears a nightingale in the depths of a far away forest. The speaker yearns to leave behind his physical world and join the bird in its metaphysical world. The nightingale sings of a world where there is no pain, there are muted senses, and life … Read more

King Lear: Construction an Deconstruction of Humanity

William Shakespeare’s tragedy, King Lear, is not merely a story of the ill effects of aging, but an illustration of a man plagued by pride and arrogance. Initially, Lear deems himself a man worthy of worship by his family and friends, an ill for which he suffers profoundly. ‘The world remains what it was, a … Read more

The Complex Understanding of the Concept of Universe in Whitman’s Works

Walt Whitman’s poetry contains many basic elements that come together to characterize his own stance in 19th century social and political thought. An analysis of Whitman’s “Song of Myself” and “I Sing the Body Electric” specifically highlight Whitman’s concern with the human body. Through these poems, the human body is continually glorified and eroticized by … Read more

The Meaning Behind Portia’s Trick

It is often observed that William Shakespeare’s comedies feature some uncomfortable scenes that leave audiences unsure as to whether characters are participating in harmless, theatrical farce or a meaner brand of mockery that borders on the cruel. Such scenes involve trickery that seems funny enough on the surface but, upon closer inspection of the jokester’s … Read more

Exploration of the Nature of Love

“The lunatic, the lover, and the poet are of an imagination all compact” (Act 5, Scene 1, Lines 7-8). This quote by Theseus encompasses the notion of love as being an illusion, a product of the imagination. Love is equated with lunacy and poetry, both intangible qualities, which makes it necessary to question its existence. … Read more

The Trials and Tribulations of Love

Junot Diaz’s book This Is How You Lose Her provides an insightful look into love and loss, mostly through the eyes of its narrator, Yunior. Within this collection are stories of Yunior’s infidelity and the relationships of those around him; this includes tales of his family’s struggles with their respective partnerships. There is a subtle … Read more

Comparative Analysis of the poems “The Horses” and “The Thought Fox”

In Hughes’s poetry, “racial memory, animal instinct and poetic imagination all flow into one another with an exact sensuousness” – Seamus Heaney “The Horses” and “The Thought-Fox” are two of Hughes’s most powerfully symbolic poems, introducing the author’s extensive examination of the rational actions of humans as compared to the instinctual actions of animals. It … Read more

Glass, Mirror and Reflection in Lolita

In his mind’s eye, Humbert Humbert in Vladimir Nabokov’s Lolita lives in a world of eternal nymphets and time unchanging, of frozen crystals and glass. But reality is mobile and unfrozen, and try as he may to reject it H.H. is forced to recognize the impermanence of the external world through its mirror projection into … Read more

The Satiric Discourse of Wheatley’s Poetry

In early African-American literature, there is a consistent theme of gaining freedom through assimilation that as an idea slowly wilts and becomes militant as it continues to be ineffective in the black struggle for freedom and equality. Phillis Wheatley is the first canonical African-American female poet and she is able to write in this time … Read more

"The Family Life" by Akhil Sharma

Family Life is a semi-autobiographical novel by Akhil Sharma. This is Akhil Sharma’s second novel, which cost him years of hardship and emotional stress to write. It was published in 2014 and was released to widespread critical acclaim. The New York Times described the novel as “deeply unnerving and gorgeously tender at its core.” David … Read more

Crowdsourcing Translation Review

Internet and social media have brought people closer to each other, laying ground works for new ways of collaborating. One of which is crowdsourcing translation. A practice of engagement which gathers talents from all walks of life for a common purpose. This type of crowdsourcing is usually web-based, so members can post, edit and share … Read more

Stylistic and Genre Features of The Adventure of the Speckled Band

The genre of the detective story is one of the most remarkable categories of short fiction. The Sherlock Holmes stories are genuine masterpieces created by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, and the usage of the detective stories elements has contributed to their popularity. In “The Adventure of the Speckled Band,” the author employs the opportunities of … Read more

J. K. Rowling’s Description of the Grandfather Paradox as Illustrated in Her Book, Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban

Thesis: The Grandfather Paradox is often misrepresented in works of literature and film. However, in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban, the paradox is represented fairly well with only a few errors. The Grandfather paradox is commonly known as the myth of killing one’s grandparents in order to prevent his/her own birth. This paradox … Read more

Class Distinctions in A Journal of the Plague Year

Class Distinctions in A Journal of the Plague Year Defoe repeatedly returns to how different classes experienced the plague of 1660’s in his pseudo-journalistic account, A Journal of the Plague Year. Defoe contrasts the experience of the poor and the “middling class” with that of the wealthy. His account answers a number of important questions. … Read more

Cherry Symbolism in Morrison’s Novel

Toni Morrison’s novel Song of Solomon tells the story of Macon “Milkman” Dead, a character completely alienated from his community, family and heritage. In the novel, readers follow his journey to the fictional town of Shalimar that he takes in order to fully understand the cultural heritage which has been left for him. He begins … Read more

The Mayor of Casterbridge: An In-Depth Look at the Insignificance of Human Life

Cormac McCarthy, the author of No Country for Old Men, said about the purpose of human existence, “The point is there ain’t no point.” This nihilistic outlook on life became common long before McCarthy’s time. The highly industrial and scientifically groundbreaking 19th Century marked a dramatic authorial shift from the optimistic, spiritually centered ideas of … Read more

Material Girl by Ezra Pound

In “Portrait d’une Femme,” Ezra Pound examines the fragmented nature of the modern woman; cluttered with culture and accumulated intellect, her character exhibits mere parts of a whole that is both inscrutable and alluringly fascinating. Contrasting one feminine archetype, the radiant goddess, the mystifying siren, Pound’s urban lady struggles to configure her identity within the … Read more

Comparing John Milton’s Lycias And Sonnet 7

In the journey of life Man will often question his or her position in the universe. Questioning ones worth and purpose in the universe will harbor the attention of Man until the end of time. The antidote for the majority of the world comes in maintaining a religion. In Sonnet 7 and Lycidas, John Milton … Read more

Count Dracula vs. Vlad the impaler 

History is sometimes told through stories and this is a fact but sometimes, these stories are not a hundred percent loyal to what really happened in history. This relationship between “history” and “story” is going to be the base for this work because I have decided to do my essay about one of the topics … Read more

A Socioeconomic Critic of Human Nature in 1984

In George Orwell’s 1984, the differences and relationships between the proles, the Outer Party, and the Inner Party reflect different aspects of human nature and the various levels of the human psyche. The most base, savage level of humanity is portrayed through the proles, as they are controlled by nothing more than animalistic instincts. By … Read more

Nature as a Possible Catalyst for Human Connection in “Mametz Wood” and “Father”

Throughout the collection Skirrid Hill (2005) by Owen Sheers, nature is presented as a significant factor to both the development of personal and cultural identity and to human relationships. In “Mametz Wood” and “Father”, the speaker’s attachment to the earth is apparent. However, moving beyond description of the natural world alone, Sheers calls attention to … Read more

Self Discovery in Anansi Boys

In West African culture, Anansi is a cunning god, who takes the shape of a spider. He is known to be a trickster and very deceitful. He is considered the god of all knowledge of stories. In other words, Anansi owns all stories. In Anansi Boys, the main character, Fat Charlie, learns a great deal … Read more

Characteristics Of An Entrepreneur Comparing Donald Trump And Joanne Rowling’s

Why he chose to become an entrepreneur Donald Trump’s father, Fred Trump was a very successful man in the real estate industry which is what influenced him to enter that industry and follow in his father’s footsteps. Donald Trump then went on to owning his own properties, hotels, golf courses etc. Throughout his life he … Read more

Jordan Baker: Immoral vs. Balanced

In every story, there are characters which serve to give the text purpose and drive the plot. Whether the character is dynamic, complex, round or flat, successful pieces of literature must include well-developed characters to propel the story. In F. Scott Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby, Nick Carraway’s love interest, Jordan Baker, has very distinct characteristics … Read more

Analyzing Rudyard Kipling’s Rikki-Tikki-Tavi Story as told in the Jungle book

Kipling’s “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” Essay One of the most famous story in The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling is the “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi”, has also been published as a short book. Many people read it as the story of a heroic mongoose. But we can also interpret “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” from the angle of post colonialism, which the British family is … Read more

Santiago and the Alchemist

“ The Alchemist is the story of a young man “”Santiago”” who finds a treasure. He is shepherd. He wants to be free to roam with his sheep, to have some wine in his wineskin and a book in his bag. Early into his journey, he meets an old king named Melchizedek or the king … Read more

Gender and Nature in Alice Oswald’s Daisy

In ‘Daisy’, Alice Oswald uses the evolving imagery of a narrator considering her actions towards a daisy to symbolise the meekness and conformity socially linked to womanhood- and the poem’s progressively aggressive tone mirrors her desire to reject these feminine ideals. Nonetheless, the constant focus on the image of a flower is able to portray … Read more