Beauty and the Beast and Tiger’s Bride: What Do They Have In Common

Is the real beast the patriarchy? From a story where beauty becomes a beast, underlying issues of femininity, identity, and society are questioned, years before Disney upheld traditional notions of a female’s role through their portrayal of Beauty and the Beast. The Tiger’s Bride by Angela Carter is a feminist revision of the traditional fairytale, … Read more

Evolution of Attitude in Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”

Evolution of Attitude in Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” T. S. Eliot’s notoriously opaque “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” can be interpreted only by acknowledging that the speaker’s thought process is not consistent throughout but an ongoing process. On first reading, the poems stanzas seem to belong to separate plots … Read more

How Death Affects Different Characters

The role of death, both physically and mentally, has a heavy effect on characters in Toni Morrison’s Sula. Shadrack survives as a soldier during World War I, dealing directly with death that he sees all around. Like Shadrack, Plum returns home emotionally distraught from the war and is killed by his mother out of love. … Read more

Noble Savage: a Primitive Man Theme in Moby Dick

Among the numerous themes and ideas that author Herman Melville expresses in Moby Dick, one of the less examined is the superiority of the primitive man to the modern man. As an undertone running through the entire book, one can see in Moby Dick the same admiration of the “noble savage” that is so prevalent … Read more

Finding Identity in The White Tiger

Aravind Adiga adopts an epistolary form in The White Tiger, depicting the plight of a low caste servant, trying to escape the physical and mental chains that forge his destiny. Adiga initially presents a protagonist in Balram, who is engaging, despite confessing to horrific crimes. His language, thoughts, and deeds convey his originally good nature. … Read more

Perceptions and Reality in The Yellow Wallpaper

In Charlotte Perkins Gilman’s “The Yellow Wallpaper”, Jane’s skewed perceptions of her surroundings, caretakers, and mental state reflect her refusal to confront the reality of her confinement to a mental institution. Supposed husband and physician, John believes “a colonial mansion, a hereditary estate” or in other words a mental asylum, seems like the perfect environment … Read more

Analyzing Rudyard Kipling’s Rikki-Tikki-Tavi Story as told in the Jungle book

Kipling’s “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” Essay One of the most famous story in The Jungle Book by Rudyard Kipling is the “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi”, has also been published as a short book. Many people read it as the story of a heroic mongoose. But we can also interpret “Rikki-Tikki-Tavi” from the angle of post colonialism, which the British family is … Read more

Santiago and the Alchemist

“ The Alchemist is the story of a young man “”Santiago”” who finds a treasure. He is shepherd. He wants to be free to roam with his sheep, to have some wine in his wineskin and a book in his bag. Early into his journey, he meets an old king named Melchizedek or the king … Read more

Gender and Nature in Alice Oswald’s Daisy

In ‘Daisy’, Alice Oswald uses the evolving imagery of a narrator considering her actions towards a daisy to symbolise the meekness and conformity socially linked to womanhood- and the poem’s progressively aggressive tone mirrors her desire to reject these feminine ideals. Nonetheless, the constant focus on the image of a flower is able to portray … Read more

The Story of Okonkwo: A Fine Balance of Hope and Tragedy

The South African Igbo tribe of Umuofia, as depicted in Chinua Achebe’s “Things Fall Apart,” (1958) encompasses layer upon complex layer of social order. From birth to death, every aspect of Umuofian culture is defined by an intricate balance of ritual, which is transmitted through oral tradition. Protaganist Okonkwo, appears to uphold the ways of … Read more

A Comparative Study of Hughes and Nas

Specifically from a literary perspective, the Harlem Renaissance, also known as the New Negro Movement, is often treated as one of the most artistically prolific, localized movements in Western literature, which has produced such writers as Gwendolyn Bennett, Nella Larsen, Esther Popel, and Jean Toomer. No Harlem Renaissance writer has received as much recognition and … Read more

Experiences of Illusions in An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge, a Short Story by Ambrose Bierce

A Real Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge? Sometimes reality is not as true as originally thought. Dreams, imaginings and illusions can look quite real. They are not always real though, and can be deceiving. The short story named “An Occurrence at Owl Creek Bridge” by Ambrose Bierce is a familiar example of an illusion. The … Read more

A review of George Orwell’s novel The philosophy of Determinism in 1984

‘Determinism is perfectly compatible with the idea that we are essentially free’. How far does Orwell present individual actions as preordained by social factors in ‘1984’? Determinism is the belief that ‘all events are ultimately determined by causes regarded as external to the will’[1]. In Orwell’s ‘1984’, the protagonist’s actions are clearly influenced by social … Read more

Go Tell It on the Mountain: Question of Who Is More Moral a Saint or a ‘Sodomite’

In James Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain, religion functions not only as form of worship but also as a covert site of sexual expression. In the novel’s opening chapters, Baldwin often characterizes religious worship in language that borders on the erotic. This undermines the popular conception of sexuality as detached from and even … Read more

Comparing Two Contrasting Poems of William Blake

The Experience of Innocence In William Blake’s “Songs of Innocence,” he refers to the Lamb through numerous fashions, and even writes a song specifically, called “The Lamb.” In “The Lamb,” the child speaker reveals a hymn-like, soft tone through the simplistic diction and rhyme scheme. The speaker also displays closeness to God through its innocence, … Read more

The Scarlet Letter and an Evaluation of Love Versus Hate

Love and hate require intimacy and heart-knowledge. Both emotions leave the individual subservient to the emotion and become compulsory for survival. If an emotion develops into a discernible obsession, it may eventually abandon the zealous lover or no less zealous hater disheartened and dejected once he no longer obtains the object of affection. Excessive emotion … Read more

Coleridge’s Poetry in “Conversation”

Coleridge’s Poetry in “Conversation” Nothing about Samuel Coleridge’s “conversation” poems is conventionally conversational. These poems do not create a dialogue between two characters, but instead focus on an internal dialogue that Coleridge’s personas have with themselves. For Coleridge, conversation is a personal, individual action. In “Sonnet to the River Otter” and “Frost at Midnight” the … Read more

To His Coy Virgins

To His Coy Virgins The concept of carpe diem or “seize the day” is a popular poetic credo. Seventeenth century poets Andrew Marvell and Robert Herrick address carpe diem by admonishing young virgins against coyness and procrastination. Despite differences in device, motive, and narrative voice, Marvell’s “To His Coy Mistress” and Herrick’s “To the Virgins, … Read more

“After I no longer speak”; A Message on the Impact of the Holocaust in “Shooting Stars”

Humans inflict suffering on other humans and when events are forgotten, they are repeated. In the poem “Shooting Stars,” Carol Ann Duffy tells a shocking story of a female prisoner held by Nazis in a concentration camp around the time of the Holocaust. This is a poem in which human suffering is being actively portrayed. … Read more

Self-exploration in the Play "Death of a Salesman"

In Arthur Miller’s play “Death of a Salesman,” Willy Loman is an individual who strives to achieve the “American Dream” in the 1940’s. This era was characterized by America’s climb out of the Great Depression in addition to its recognition as a world superpower following World War II. A now prosperous nation seething with opportunity, … Read more

Expression to intellectual treasure of wealth

Both John Keats’s ‘On First Looking into Chapman’s Homer’ and Christina Rossetti’s ‘In An Artist’s Studio’ both tackle similar themes; adoration for art be it one’s own in Rossetti’s poem, or the art of another in Keats’s, with Keats admiring the translation of Homer by George Chapman. But there’s a marked difference in tone, the … Read more

Out Out Comparison Against Disabled

‘Out, out’ is a poem written by Robert Frost who tells the story of a boy that had his life taken from him in an extremely upsetting circumstance. In comparison to this, “Disabled” by Wilfred Owen portrays a young man that has left part of himself behind in the war. Both poems assert ideas that … Read more

The Alliance of Spears by Creon in Antigone

In Sophocles’ Antigone, Creon makes reference to an “alliance of spears” as a metaphor pertaining to the necessary allegiance a society has to its ruler. Initially he feels his authority must be proven as absolute and in an act of hubris he attempts to prohibit the appropriate burial of an enemy. In so doing Creon … Read more

The Magnificent Evil Iago and Opposition

The name Iago comes from Latin, “Iacobus,” meaning “one who trips up another and takes his place.” This name also belongs to the most important character in Shakespeare’s Othello and one of the most wonderfully evil characters of all time. The character Iago is more than worthy of his name, for in the process of … Read more

Is Cleopatra A Mere Snippet For A Monarch?

Cleopatra, “Egypt’s Queen,” is arguably Shakespeare’s most resilient and enchanting female protagonist. She is personified as the embodiment of her country, ‘the soul of Egypt’, and defies the reductive Jacobean “most monster-like” perspective of women. The Renaissance stereotype of the subordinate and inferior female is in total juxtaposition to the possessive and shrewd characteristics that … Read more

Palahniuk’s view of society

In literary history, authors often mirrored the social situation of its time through their works. For this reason, many of the greatest works were seen as representations of some social affairs, wars, political movements and other occurrences of the period of time during which the literary work was written. When it comes to more contemporary … Read more

Passive vs. Oppressive Appropriation in Equiano and Get Out

Olaudah Equiano’s autobiography “The Interesting Narrative of Olaudah Equiano: or Gustavus Vassa, the African,” presents a created identity of the “enlightened slave,” as a means of appealing to the pathos of the British and American people regarding the trans-Atlantic slave trade. By establishing that he desires to be perceived positively as a Judeo-Christian, Equiano is … Read more

Review of William Shakespeare’s Play, King Lear

Introduction King Lear was authored by Shakespeare around 1605. It is usually ranked as one of the greatest plays of Shakespeare. The setting of the play, King Lear, is like the setting of any of his other plays, dramatizing events from the eighteenth century. The play demonstrates how vulnerable noblemen and parents are to the … Read more

Demystifying the myths on the great war as depicted in Under Fire by Henri Barbusse and All quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria

Writing towards the end of the twentieth century, German literary scholar Hans Wagener reflects on the deep resonance of war literature, stating: “When we think about certain periods of history, epoch-making books come to mind that capture the spirit of those times most vividly”. Indeed, literary expressions of the Great War have performed a crucial … Read more