The Portrayal of Enlightenment in Allegory of the Cave by Plato

Intro to Philosophy How did Plato use the sun to explain the good? In the Allegory of the cave, there are four main stages of enlightenment. The four steps cover all aspects of enlightenment, from knowing absolutely nothing and perceiving reality only through your sensory organs to reaching full knowledge and having the capacity to … Read more

Method of Elenchus

The Socratic method of investigation, the elenchus, is explained by example in Plato’s Five Dialogues. In Euthyphro, Apology, and Crito, Plato’s character of Socrates employs the elenchus as a way to challenge interlocutors. If an Athenian claims to be knowledgeable about a subject, Socrates sets out to prove that this knowledge is unfounded. With the … Read more

An evaluation between The Nicomachean by Aristotle’s and Plato’s The Republic

What is Goodness? For most people today, being a good person simply means following a set of commonly agreed upon moral guidelines. However, those guidelines have increasingly been getting blurred and convoluted from culture to culture and generation to generation. The question remains whether the definition of morality really can be universal, and whether this … Read more

Comparing the Plato and Aristotle’s Perspectives on Human Nature and Purpose

Not all are equal in Plato’s Republic or Aristotle’s Nichomachean Ethics and Politics. Plato and Aristotle argue that people possess a certain natural ability that determines their role in society. The fundamental character of one’s soul, in part, determines this natural ability. As not all humans have the same capabilities, Plato and Aristotle are proposing … Read more

The Concepts of Immortality and Reproduction in Plato’s Perspective on Love

Not in entire forgetfulness, And not in utter nakedness, But trailing clouds of glory do we come From God, who is our home. – William Wordsworth, Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood, 62-65 Though Plato died nearly 2500 years ago, the English language still keeps his definition of love in common usage. … Read more

The Republic: Plato’s Unspoken Defense of Socrates

Plato’s Republic utilizes a political approach to answer what is essentially a moral question. In attempting to identify justice in the individual, Socrates takes an unmistakable turn toward the direction of political philosophy, describing the formation of his ideal city Kallipolis. It can hardly be disputed that the ideal state described by Socrates in Plato’s … Read more

Is Utopia Possible? Analyzing Plato’s Republic

With the goal of creating the perfect society, the utopia of Plato’s Republic rather presents a dystopia that enforces the marginalization of the individual. Plato believes a strict regulation that constricts independence and individuality makes it possible for citizens to live simple and peaceful lives. Because Plato views freedom as a threat of gaining unnecessary … Read more

Interpretations of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave in Erasmus’ Praise of Folly

In the Praise of Folly, Erasmus creates a character critical of, yet indebted to, philosophical wisdom. Through Folly, Erasmus weaves his own ideas into her message, confusing readers unable to distinguish between the two voices. In Praise of Folly, Folly refers to Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” from The Republic to enhance her statements of … Read more

Defining the Soul of Oedipus: Sophocles’ Play Alongside Plato’s Republic

Translations of Sophocles’ play are generally interpreted in one of two ways, ‘Oedipus Rex’, meaning Oedipus the King, or ‘Oedipus Tyrannus’, meaning Oedipus the Tyrant. The exact distinction between the two titles is undefined, though through the lens of Socrates’ five characterizations of the soul, the readers can identify what type of man he is. … Read more

Analysis of Plato’s City-Soul Analogy

Analysis of Plato’s The Republic, City-Soul Analogy In an elaborate effort to comprehend individual justice, Socrates engages in a lengthy debate which explores intricate details, structures, and overarching principles of a just city.  This analysis will explore the City-Soul analogy through three separate human lenses.  Section 1 will delve into the secondhand accounting of Socrates’ … Read more

The Portrayal of Enlightenment in Allegory of the Cave by Plato

Intro to Philosophy How did Plato use the sun to explain the good? In the Allegory of the cave, there are four main stages of enlightenment. The four steps cover all aspects of enlightenment, from knowing absolutely nothing and perceiving reality only through your sensory organs to reaching full knowledge and having the capacity to … Read more

Plato’s biography

Plato whose original name was Aristocles was born into one of the most known aristocratic families of Athens. His father name was Ariston and his mother’s name was Perictione. His aristocrat family and the historic period created lots of impacts for Plato’s point of view on life. He also born in the illustrious city and … Read more

Plato and Aristotle on Form and Substance

How can you classify forms according to Plato? According to Plato’s Theory of Forms, the physical world isn’t necessarily the real world, rather reality exists beyond the physical world. There are two realms; the physical realm and the Realm of Forms. The physical realm consists of material things we come into contact with in our … Read more

TRIPARTITE SOUL THEORY

Plato battles that the spirit contains three fragments especially sensible, appetitive, and the vivacious. These parts also sort out the three spots of a fair framework. Solitary esteem consolidates keeping up the three zones in the correct change, where reason rules while hunger comes. As appeared by Plato, the appetitive piece of the spirit is … Read more

Aristotle’s Critique of Plato’s Republic

In book two of Aristotle’s Politics, Aristotle defines his ideal state by criticizing the values put forward in Plato’s The Republic. In doing so, Aristotle censures Plato’s idea of state unification through sharing as much as possible, including wives, children, and property. Aristotle counters that Plato’s concept is detrimental to the state’s unity because it … Read more

Analysis of Pausanias’ and Socrates’ Speeches in Plato’s ‘Symposium’

In Plato’s Symposium, Socrates’ eulogy, though delivered with the stated intent of praising love, is not truly about love at all. Instead, Socrates claims that the typical definition of love does not exist and instead praises wisdom. In saying that love is desire, and that you cannot want what you already have, Socrates asserts that … Read more

Plato vs. Aristotle

Numerous experts in modern time regard Plato as the first genuine political philosopher and Aristotle as the first political scientist. They were both great thinkers in regards to, in part with Socrates, being the foundation of the great western philosophers. Plato and Aristotle each had ideas in how to proceed with improving the society in … Read more

The Allegory of the Cave”

Plato was born 427 B. C. and died 347 B. C. He was a pupil under Socrates. During his studies, Plato wrote the Dialogues, which are a collection of Socrates’ teachings. One of the parables included in the Dialogues is “The Allegory of the Cave”. “The Allegory… ” symbolizes man’s struggle to reach understanding and … Read more

The modern world’s perception

Fantasy is a tough sell in the twentieth century. The world has been fully discovered and fully mapped. Popular media has effectively minimized the legend and the fantastic rumor, though to make up for this it has generated falsities not as lavish but just as interesting. Satellites have mapped and studied the earth, leaving only … Read more

Allegory of the Cave

Critics of The Republic, Plato’s contribution to the history of political theory, have formed two distinct opinions on the reasoning behind the work. The first group believes that The Republic is truly a model for a political society, while the other strongly objects to that, stating it as being far too fantastic for any society … Read more

Aristotle vs. Plato

Excellence is a function which renders excellent the thing of which it is a function is Platos definition of virtue. What does this definition really mean though? Plato and Aristotle both had their own unique arguments devoted to the topic at hand, and their own ways of describing what virtue really is. Defining virtue may … Read more

Plato and Aristotle

Plato and Aristotle, two philosophers in the 4th century, hold polar views on politics and philosophy in general. This fact is very cleverly illustrated by Raphael’s “School of Athens” (1510-11; Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican), where Plato is portrayed looking up to the higher forms; and Aristotle is pointing down because he supports the natural sciences. … Read more

Socrates and Plato: Significant Philosophers of Ancient Greece

The Unexamined Life is not Worth Living. This is the famous quote proclaimed by Socrates, a controversial philosopher of ancient Athens. He believed that anyone could lead a significant and meaningful existence by examining his or her own life and ideas very thoroughly. (Soccio) Socrates was wise in respect to the fact that he never … Read more

Plato a great philosopher

Plato was a great philosopher and one of the first true intellectuals of his time. In his life he educated Aristotle, founded the Academy, Europes first university, and did numerous experiments and established some of the first thoughts on many subjects. Plato was truly one of Greeces gifts to the world. Plato was born into … Read more

Plato’s Republic: The Virtues

In Robin Waterfield’s translation of The Republic,Socrates attempts to give a definition of justice. At the end of Book II he began a detailed description of the construction of a good city. The good city is a relation to the human soul, and its four virtues. In the following paper I will discuss the virtues, … Read more

Plato – Greek philosopher

Plato (circa 428-c. 347 BC), Greek philosopher, one of the most creative and influential thinkers in Western philosophy. Plato was born to an aristocratic family in Athens. When Plato was a child, his father died, and his mother married Pyrilampes, who was an associate of the statesman Pericles As a young man Plato had political … Read more

Plato`s Euthyphro

One of the most interesting and influential thinkers of all time was Socrates, whose dedication to careful reasoning helped form the basis for philosophy. Socrates applied logical tricks in the pursuit for the truth. Consequently, his willingness to call everything into question and his determination to accept nothing less than an adequate account of the … Read more

Socrates Plato and Christianity Through the Eyes of Friedrich Nietzsche

Socrates has undoubtedly had a major impact upon western philosophy and society in general. Plato, whose work is essentially an elaboration and expansion upon that of Socrates, has had a similar effect. Naturally, these two philosophers have been subjects of immense academic interest for over two thousand years. With this great interest comes both praise … Read more