Comparison: Michel Foucault’s “Repressive Hypothesis” & Alison Bechdel’s "Fun Home"

Michel Foucault begins his essay “We ‘Other’ Victorians” with a description of what he calls the “repressive hypothesis” (Foucault 10). This hypothesis holds that openly expressing sexuality at the beginning of the seventeenth century was considered shameless. Transitioning into the Victorian era and with the development of the Victorian bourgeoisie, sexuality began to take on … Read more

The Believer and MacIntyre’s Emotivist Culture

Title: The Believer and MacIntyre’s Emotivist Culture Author: Katherine Perry Date Written: Feb. 22, 2006 Words: 2,085 In his book After Virtue, Alasdair MacIntyre asserts that members of contemporary society live in a world devoid of definitively objective moral foundation, a world he calls an “emotivist culture.” This essay will first define which specific characteristics … Read more

From Aristotle’S Rhetoric To Modern Digital Rhetoric

In today’s modern age originally, Aristotle defined rhetoric by any way of persuasion while appealing to emotion. Aristotle defines rhetoric as the counterpart of dialectic. A more definitive description of rhetoric is using symbolisms as a method of persuasion to clarify or an understanding. How Aristotle defines rhetoric leaves many ways to find possibilities to … Read more

Ethics and religion

In the 21st-century ethics as far as religious doctrines are concerned has taken a modernity turn. In the classical period religion was solely relied on to dictate morality but due to contemporariness catalyzed by education beliefs can no longer prescribe social principles. Issues are assessed and determined according to the will of people, social discussion, … Read more

Thomas Hobbes, Jean Jacques Rousseau, And The State Of Nature And The Act Of Men

Hobbes, Rousseau, and The State of Nature Introduction Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan and Jean Jacques Rousseau’s Discourse on Inequality both offer contrasting theories about how men act in the state of nature. Hobbes’ theory is based on upon the idea that human nature is naturally competitive and violent while Rousseau’s is based upon the idea of … Read more

Significant Life Event

Introduction Life is at its best unpredictable; characterized by many highs and lows. Nevertheless, each of the events whether a low or high leave us with more experience and better informed. While every event in life is of the significant learning experience, some touching incidents completely change our beliefs, faith and sometimes our personalities. Like … Read more

The Inhuman Politics of Noboru and His Gang in Yukio Mishima’s The Sailor Who Fell From Grace with the Sea.

‘The Sailor Who Fell From Grace With The Sea’ was written in 1963 by Japanese author Yukio Mishima, known as one of the most controversial yet celebrated writers of Japan. One could argue the novel has many links to Japan’s history, hinting at various aspects of Japan’s WWII surrender. Translated by John Nathan, the novel … Read more

Personal Philosophy Of Nursing

Philosophy in nursing stems from providing competent and optimal care to patients and communities. These values are the stepping stones to be a successful nurse. In my short few months as an RN, my focus is delivering quality care to my patients. I will be discussing the essence of nursing, my beliefs and values, and … Read more

Analysis of Albert Camus’ Writing Style

Most of Albert Camus’ writings focus on the philosophy of the Absurd. His main character in the novel, The Stranger exemplifies what an absurd man is and his essay The Myth of Sisyphus takes readers through his reasoning for his belief and the conclusion that he reaches. Camus’ philosophy of life in his opinion is … Read more

Heraclitus: Change is Consistent

Heraclitus is known for his argument that change is consistent; that everything in the world is always changing. The saying shows this perfectly because it illustrates how even things that seem constant to us are changing. According to Heraclitus, he reasoned that everything is always changing and that this fact is necessary to the functioning … Read more

Death: the final answer? A Cemetery Symbolism Analysis in The Thief and the Dogs

Death has been a prevalent theme in literature of all cultures throughout the centuries. In The Thief and the Dogs, the author Naguib Mahfouz explores the realm of death and its interconnections with life. Witnessing the turmoil of the Egyptian revolutions since childhood, it is small wonder that Mahfouz creates a fictional world which mirrors … Read more

A review of George Orwell’s novel The philosophy of Determinism in 1984

‘Determinism is perfectly compatible with the idea that we are essentially free’. How far does Orwell present individual actions as preordained by social factors in ‘1984’? Determinism is the belief that ‘all events are ultimately determined by causes regarded as external to the will’[1]. In Orwell’s ‘1984’, the protagonist’s actions are clearly influenced by social … Read more

Ethical Dilemma Analysis: Consequentialist, Deontological, And Virtue Ethics Approach

Under the pressures of authority, integrity, and our values, how does an individual determine what is the ethically right thing to do? In my previous role, as a packaging engineer, for Honda Manufacturing, I was tasked with designing and developing packaging solutions for various car components. These car components were produced and assembled at a … Read more

The Huge Impact of Challenges on Our Personal Identity in Tuesday of the Other June by Norman Fox Mazer and Life Doesn’t Frighten Me by Maya Angelou

The short story “Tuesday Of the Other June” by Norman Fox Mazer and the poem “Life Doesn’t Frighten Me” by Maya Angelou convey that challenges can have a massive impact on who we are.”Tuesday Of the Other June” is about a girl named June being bullied by the other June but, she soon learns to … Read more


Enlightenment which is very famous in sociology. Therefore, many significant thinkers and philosopher have evaluated enlightenment according to their minds. One of them is Immanuel Kant. He defined his thoughts with a basic and understanble language according to his mind regarding enlightenment. In the meantime, he used social acts while define the enlightenment. Enlightenment’s meaning … Read more

Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon Essay

Director Ang Lee gives the audience an effective insight to Confucianism, the culture explored in the film where moral codes and following natural order are key values. This film provides an acumen to a culture which embodies different beliefs and values to our own Christian principles. This proves to be extremely effective as it allows … Read more

The Role of Existentialism in Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex

While Simone de Beauvoir’s The Second Sex is known primarily as a feminist text, it is Jean-Paul Sartre’s existentialist philosophy that influenced Beauvoir’s writings. As existentialists, these philosophers argue that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject and not the thinking subject alone. Sartre argues that philosophical thinking starts with the acting, feeling, living human … Read more

Movies to watch on a lazy day

We all have a lazy mood now and then and there is nothing wrong with that. Doesn’t matter if you are tired from work, or the kids are driving you crazy, there is nothing like a quality lazy time. Well, guess what, today, August 10th, we celebrate National lazy day. So if you are feeling … Read more

The Manifestation of Aristotle’s Theory in Romeo and Juliet

Aristotle’s Unity of Action in Romeo and Juliet Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet, a classic tragedy about two star-crossed young lovers in Verona, can be analysed using Aristotle Unity of action. Firstly, it tells one story – there is one main plot around which all incidents and character revolve. The action itself Is the main focus … Read more

Comparative Study on Departmentalized and Self-Contained Classrooms Concerning the Systems Theory and Action Research

CHAPTER 2. LITERATURE REVIEW Systems Theory A theory that supports the theoretical foundation of this study is systems theory. Systems theory can be applied to any system that exists in nature, technology, or, or human domains (Boulding, 1991). Systems theory involves systems thinking, which means concentrating on the whole rather than the individual parts (Mele, … Read more

Hume: Criticism of Descartes

David Hume, a Scottish philosopher and historian, thrived during the Enlightenment era. In this segment of history, which is also known as the Age of Reason, European scholars attempted to find the root of knowledge, often by working through one of two prevalent schools of thought, empiricism and rationalism. Hume, an empiricist, suggested that knowledge … Read more

Allegory of the Cave, Descartes’ Meditations, and The Truman Show

In his Allegory of the Cave, Plato asks us to consider that the world we are living is the equivalent of a cave; in order for us to enter into this “sensible realm” of truth and knowledge we must actively pursue these values. In his First Meditation, Rene Descartes asks us to abandon all preexisting … Read more

Anthropocentric Environmentalism and the Concept

Prompt 1: Anthropocentric Environmentalism According to Genesis, “humans occupy a privileged position in all creation” (DesJardins 98). Naturally, those who subscribed to Western Christian philosophy assumed this position as well, considering themselves the closest thing to the Creator, as they were created in His image. Thus, the Western world blossomed by living without much concern … Read more

Well-Analyzed Response to Fear and Trembling: Kierkegaard’s Conception of Abraham’s Dilemma

In Fear and Trembling, Kierkegaard (under the pseudonym Johannes de Silencio– despite being quite the opposite of the meaning his Latin name gives), shares his rather lengthy take on the story of Abraham. Kierkegaard ultimately decides that Abraham is either lost and cannot be mediated or he is then a knight of faith. In Kierkegaard’s … Read more

An Exploration of the Universal Truth

In order to understand universal truth, we must begin by defining truth. Truth, according to the dictionary, is “conformity to fact or actuality; a statement proven to be or accepted as true.” Some people would say that there is no true reality, only perceptions and opinions. Others would argue that there must be some absolute … Read more

Edmund Burke’s Reflections on the Sublime

In his aesthetic treatise A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of Our Ideas of the Sublime and the Beautiful (1757), Edmund Burke (1729-1797) proposes his concept of the sublime. Although several eighteenth-century commentators had attempted the same thing, Burke’s Enquiry far exceeds the others in both scope and intellectual acuity. The sublime has a long … Read more

Ethical Aspects of Cell Phone

ETHICAL VALUES Mobile phones have both negative and positive impact on the society, but the negative impacts are weighing more than those of positive. Nowadays, more and more people use the cell phone technology to get access to anything in the world, but this can create many security threats in the society. Many people use … Read more


ABSTRACT Pragmatism, a style of writing that gives the impression of recording or ‘reflecting’ faithfully an actual way of life rejects idealization, escapism, and other extravagant qualities of romance in favour of recognizing soberly the actual problems of life. This research seeks social pragmatism in the novel, Untouchable written by Mulk Raj Anand respectively. Untouchable … Read more

Review of Niccolo Machiavelli’s Book, The Prince

The Prince by Machiavelli is one of the most influential treatises in human history, conceived by Italian political theorist and diplomat, Niccolo Machiavelli. The Prince is often regarded as one of the first true examples of modern philosophy, most notably, political philosophy, and Machiavelli addressed many different attributes of politics, war-time strategies and the implementation … Read more

The Main Idea in “Of Revenge”

In his essay “Of Revenge”, Francis Bacon delves into the topic of revenge, approaching it with objectivity. He acknowledges the pervasive tendency that is revenge, likening it to a which is and yet it must be given legal retribution. A firm believer of the law, Bacon mostly criticizes revenge, and argues that it is more … Read more