Extremophiles features and role

Extremophiles are organisms that live in conditions which humans consider “extreme.” “Extreme” environments include but are not limited to extreme pressure, extreme cold, intense heat, highly acidic environments, and highly saline environments. These conditions were once believed to not have the ability to sustain life. There are three domains of life: Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea. … Read more

Water Balance in the Body

Fluid balance is maintained by insuring that the amount of water consumed via food and drink is equal to the amount of water excreted. One way our body keeps us putting in the effort to maintain water balance is through thirst and salt cravings. The kidneys are the most important factor in excretion of water, … Read more

Mineral sector governance

The growing failure of mineral prices on the international market, advancing debt crunch and declining revenue to finance socio-economic development in many African countries has refocused attention on how to efficiently and most favorably use the continent’s vast mineral sector through prompt application of the African Mining Vision (AMV). The Vision explores ways to stimulate … Read more

Cultural Relativism in Connection to Everyday Values

Values In Everyday Life American author Mark Twain once stated, “Always do what is right. It will gratify half of mankind and astound the other.” While they may not appear to be so at first, morals are very questionable grounds, with different viewpoints. Two view of this are cultural relativism and universalism. In this essay, … Read more

Character Analysis of Camillo in the Winter’s Tale, a Play by William Shakespeare

In The Winter’s Tale by William Shakespeare, failure, particularly in regard to any major character’s shortcomings in fulfilling their obligations, is a consistent theme throughout the narrative, and which underpins every major plot event and its rippling effects among the characters. Camillo is perhaps the best example of what consecutive failures can do to someone … Read more

The Midwestern Landscapes of Willa Cather and Mary Austin

Many authors have been inspired to write by their environments, beautifully rendering their scenery with their words. Willa Cather and Mary Austin are two examples of such authors, who recreate the vast expanses of the Midwest’s grassy fields and rolling hills. Cather and Austin were both Modernist authors, telling their stories with less concern for … Read more

Earthquakes Definition

To begin with, according to U.S. Representative for Illinois’s 9th congressional district Jan Schakowsky an earthquake is “There is a lot that happens around the world we cannot control. We cannot stop earthquakes, we cannot prevent droughts, and we cannot prevent all conflict, but when we know where the hungry, the homeless and the sick … Read more

Causes and Effects of Acid Rains Nowadays

This paper focuses on one of the main pollution related problems that affect the modern day world. The problem under study is acid rain. This form of rainfall is yet another of mankind’s caused problems since it results from production of nitrogen oxides, carbon dioxide and sulfur oxide gases in large amount due to activities … Read more

How Invasive Species Affect the Ecosystem

There are many things that impact the environment and the ecosystems within them. Some of the impacts are beneficial, while others tear the ecosystem apart such as climate change, overpopulation and invasive species. While some of these events are natural many of these events are caused by the human population. In chapter five of Environmental … Read more

The goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni): rare species of deep-sea shark

The goblin shark (Mitsukurina owstoni) is a rare species of deep-sea shark. Sometimes called a “living fossil”, it is the only extant representative of the family Mitsukurinidae, a lineage some 125 million years old. This pink-skinned animal has a distinctive profile with an elongated, flattened snout, and highly protrusible jaws containing prominent nail-like teeth. It … Read more

Causes and Effects of Acid Rain

DEFINATION: Precipitation or rain with a high concentration of acids produced by, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and other such gases which result from the combustion of fossil fuels. This has a destructive effect on buildings, aquatic life, and plant. Certain pollutants in the air made the rain acidic and now the rain is called acid … Read more

Leadership Theories In Retail Environment

Introduction The leadership approaches that managers take in running retail organizations influence the culture of the employees and the loyalty of the customers. The way the leader applies his personality and temperament influences the reactions of the employees and how they serve the customers in the retail context. Retail leaders focus on managing people and … Read more

Modelling Using HEC-HMS for a Watershed

Streamflow is the major resource for management of watershed and hence estimation of rainfall runoff from the hydrological models are very useful nowadays as they provide better result without consuming more time. In the present case, rainfall runoff estimation was done for Hasan Watershed of Malaprabha River basin in Karnataka, India by using the HEC-HMS … Read more

Winter Driving Tips

Follow these tips to help make your commute safe and uneventful. Jack Frost has visited the Flint area several times recently. Those of us in Michigan are used to sunshine one day and a foot of snow the next. But that doesn’t mean we look forward to driving in it. As you hit the road … Read more

About the Mpemba Effect

Hot water can in fact freeze faster than cold water for a wide range of experimental conditions. This phenomenon is extremely counterintuitive, and surprising even to most scientists, but it is in fact real. It has been seen and studied in numerous experiments. While this phenomenon has been known for centuries, and was described by … Read more

Transpiration or the Loss of Water Vapor

Transpiration, or the loss of water vapor from the leaves and stems of plants, is a process that assists in evaporative cooling, gas exchange, and the absorption and distribution of minerals and water throughout the plant. The process is fundamental to photosynthesis because it supplies a plant with the water needed to synthesis glucose. Glucose … Read more

Lifestyle and livelihood

In the last few decades, several man-made unsustainable activities and interventions have accelerated the problems related to shelter, environment, food, health, society, culture and working pattern. These problem-areas are also associated, linked and guided mainly with lifestyles and livelihoods. Appropriate lifestyles and livelihoods can help us to move towards a more healthy, livable and sustainable … Read more

Ozone Layer and Causes, Effects and Solutions to Ozone Depletion

Ozone layer depletion is the destruction of ozone gas of upper atmospheric layer (stratosphere), caused by substances formed from breakdown of ozone-depleting substances (ODS). The ozone layer plays an ultimately significant role in absorbing ultraviolet radiation that are hazardous to living creatures on the Earth. It was until 1974, chlorine was found to be the … Read more

An Anime Concert: Autumn Medley Concert Performance Analysis

“Anime Music: The Butchering” Most, if not all, television is accompanied by some form of musical score, but no other genre of television places so much importance upon musical accompaniment than the series that fall under the classification of Japanese anime (ah-nee-may). Anime series scores thrive on minimalism and repetition, using the fewest possible pieces … Read more

Water as a Reactant

The substances which are present at the starting of a chemical reaction are known as reactants. In the burning of natural gas, for example, methane (CH4) and oxygen (O2) are the reactants in the chemical reaction. Water as a reactant in hydrolysis: The simplest chemical reaction in which a water molecule is a reactant is … Read more

What mechanisms produce high precipitation in the tropics?

“The Global Circulation can be described as the worldwide system of winds where the necessary transport of heat from tropical to polar latitudes is accomplished,” (metoffice.gov.uk).These atmospheric heating and circulation patterns are controlled by three cells of air flow between the Earth’s poles and the equator. These three cells are the Polar Cell, Ferrel Cell, … Read more

Crater Lake National park

Quote: “Crater lake. Still defies the limited power of the words to convey the full range of its magic”. Paul M Crater lake national park is an important historical event Social history: John Wesley Hillman, Henry Klippel, and Isaac Skeeters were in search of the legendary “Lost Cabin” gold mine when they came upon the … Read more

Forest as a Habitat

What is a forest? An area with high density of trees is a forest. It is the habitat for a variety of living beings. Many plants, animals, and microorganisms live in the forest. Let us study more about what does forest as a habitat mean? Forests provide fresh water, food, and shelter or “habitats” from … Read more

The importance of water in our life

A pale, transparent, unscented, tasteless liquid that is important in life is known as water. A water molecule has three atoms which include two hydrogen atoms and one oxygen atom. You can remember this by H2O. All known forms of life need water. Humans drink water which has qualities compatible with the human body. Around … Read more

Essay on Fossil Fuels

The variety of fuels used to generate electricity all have some impact on the environment, some negative (Power Scorecaard.) Scientist have addressed many problems that generating electricity may cause. Nuclear power plants are generating large quantities of radioactive waste. Fossil fuel power plants release air pollution and require cooling water and can ruin large lands … Read more

The most surprising remedy to relieve sunburn

Menthol-containing shaving foam can be an effective, if “absurd”, alternative for cooling the skin and relieving the effects of mild sunburn, those known as grade 1 burns. This is recognized by dermatologists Rosa Taberner and Eduardo Nagore, dermatologists at the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) and the Piel Sana Foundation. The fashion for … Read more

Review on Cultural eutrophication

Eutrophication, is the artificial enrichment of a water body or aquatic system with phosphorus and nitrogen nutrients, usually with an excess amount of nutrients. This process causes an excessive growth of plants and algae and due to the biomass load, may result in oxygen depletion in the water body. For example, as a response to … Read more

Soil and Water Facts

Conservation Tillage – the practice of leaving harvested plant materials on the soil surface to reduce runoff and soil erosion; Crop Nutrient Management – managing all nutrient inputs helps ensure that nutrients are available to meet crop needs while reducing nutrient runoff; Pest Management – using various methods for managing pests while protecting soil, water, … Read more