Ozone Layer and Causes, Effects and Solutions to Ozone Depletion

Ozone layer depletion is the destruction of ozone gas of upper atmospheric layer (stratosphere), caused by substances formed from breakdown of ozone-depleting substances (ODS). The ozone layer plays an ultimately significant role in absorbing ultraviolet radiation that are hazardous to living creatures on the Earth. It was until 1974, chlorine was found to be the … Read more

The Influence of Nature in "Far from the Madding Crowd"

In Far from the Madding Crowd, Thomas Hardy uses nature to influence the actions of his shepherd and shepherdess protagonists, Bathsheba Everdene and Gabriel Oak, in two separate episodes involving rain storms. The conflict of Hardy’s Far from the Madding Crowd centers upon Bathsheba Everdene’s battle with and between her three suitors, Gabriel Oak, William … Read more

Earthquakes Definition

To begin with, according to U.S. Representative for Illinois’s 9th congressional district Jan Schakowsky an earthquake is “There is a lot that happens around the world we cannot control. We cannot stop earthquakes, we cannot prevent droughts, and we cannot prevent all conflict, but when we know where the hungry, the homeless and the sick … Read more

Migratory Workers

The images of the Dust Bowl migrants, made famous in John Steinbeck’s best selling novel The Grapes of Wrath (1939), tend to dominate the historical memory of migrant workers during the Great Depression era. However, while thousands of Okies and Arkies did take to the road in search of survival, they joined migrant workers who … Read more

Character Analysis of Camillo in the Winter’s Tale, a Play by William Shakespeare

In The Winter’s Tale by William Shakespeare, failure, particularly in regard to any major character’s shortcomings in fulfilling their obligations, is a consistent theme throughout the narrative, and which underpins every major plot event and its rippling effects among the characters. Camillo is perhaps the best example of what consecutive failures can do to someone … Read more

Ecological Analysis Of Mango Pollination: The Impact Of Arthropods On Pollination And Fruit Set Of Keitt Mangoes

Upon anthesis, wind and insects play an important role in the pollination of mangoes. The exact species of insects, however, is unexplored, and there is no connection between specific insects and the amount of pollen being transported. Minimal pollen deposition rates and differences in environmental conditions leads to differentiating insect importance. In response to these … Read more

What is Shark Finning?

“Shark finning refers to the removal and retention of the shark fins and the discard at sea of the carcass. The shark is most often still alive when it is tossed back into the water. Unable to swim, the shark slowly sinks toward the bottom where it is eaten alive by other fish.” (http://www.sharkwater.com/index.php/shark-education/ ) … Read more

Review Of Smart Meter Data Analytics

With growing populations and economies globally, in addition to climate change impacts to the most vulnerable parts of the world, being able to better quantify, and assess our current electrical consumption will be crucial for our security and long-term sustainability. According to the United Nations latest statistics, half of humanity – 3.5 billion people – … Read more

Basic Hydraulic Systems

Every hydraulic system has a minimum number of basic components regardless of its design and function. The fundamental components of the hydraulic system include pump, reservoir, directional valve, check valve, pressure relieve valve, selector valve, actuator, and filter. An open center system has fluid flowing, with any pressure in the system when the actuating mechanisms … Read more

Transpiration or the Loss of Water Vapor

Transpiration, or the loss of water vapor from the leaves and stems of plants, is a process that assists in evaporative cooling, gas exchange, and the absorption and distribution of minerals and water throughout the plant. The process is fundamental to photosynthesis because it supplies a plant with the water needed to synthesis glucose. Glucose … Read more

The Disadvantages of Consuming Bottled Water Compared To Tap Water

The article “Why Tap Water is Better Than Bottle Water” by Sovie Karlstron and Christine Dell’Amore, National Geographic’s Green Guides, discusses why the population should choose tap water over bottled water. According to the article, bottled water may actually be doing more harm than good. Dell’Amore and Karlstron bring awareness to the detriment brought to … Read more

What mechanisms produce high precipitation in the tropics?

“The Global Circulation can be described as the worldwide system of winds where the necessary transport of heat from tropical to polar latitudes is accomplished,” (metoffice.gov.uk).These atmospheric heating and circulation patterns are controlled by three cells of air flow between the Earth’s poles and the equator. These three cells are the Polar Cell, Ferrel Cell, … Read more

Environmental pollution

Environmental pollution has been a matter of concern for many years. The Mellon Institute of Pittsburgh, PA, USA, sponsored the first broad scientific study of smoke abatement, which resulted in legislation designed to decrease the effects of smoke. It is now well known that environmental contamination impacts on health; the World Health Organization estimates that … Read more

Forest as a Habitat

What is a forest? An area with high density of trees is a forest. It is the habitat for a variety of living beings. Many plants, animals, and microorganisms live in the forest. Let us study more about what does forest as a habitat mean? Forests provide fresh water, food, and shelter or “habitats” from … Read more

Earthquakes Definition

To begin with, according to U.S. Representative for Illinois’s 9th congressional district Jan Schakowsky an earthquake is “There is a lot that happens around the world we cannot control. We cannot stop earthquakes, we cannot prevent droughts, and we cannot prevent all conflict, but when we know where the hungry, the homeless and the sick … Read more

Comparative Artwork Visual Analysis: My World And Yours By Irving Norman And The Garden Of Earthly Delights By Hieronymous Bosch

Large pieces of artwork are difficult to create. They can take years to make and properly assemble a meaning within. One of these large works My World and Yours (1954), by Irving Norman is an oil on canvas which represents a utopian view on the creation of the human race. It was made soon after … Read more

Marigolds and Greenhouse Crop Production

Greenhouse Crop Production of Marigolds Growth Habits The marigold is a perennial or annual herb in the Asteraceae family that grows best in temperate regions. The plants bloom all summer and grow best in full sun with well-drained, organic soil. The marigold is an ornamental, flowering plant of several genuses. The two most popular are … Read more

The most surprising remedy to relieve sunburn

Menthol-containing shaving foam can be an effective, if “absurd”, alternative for cooling the skin and relieving the effects of mild sunburn, those known as grade 1 burns. This is recognized by dermatologists Rosa Taberner and Eduardo Nagore, dermatologists at the Spanish Academy of Dermatology and Venereology (AEDV) and the Piel Sana Foundation. The fashion for … Read more

External Environment Analysis -Industry Analysis (Porter’s Five Forces Analysis)

Porter’s Five Forces Framework Model analyses the competitive forces within the environment in which a company operates, to assess the potential for profitability in an industry. Porter consists of the threat of new entrants, the threat of substitute, buyer power, supplier power, and rivalry among existing competitors. The change in any forces normally requires firms … Read more

Chestnut castanea crenata

Perhaps during nomadic life, the primary food consumed by man, the chestnut dates to primitive times. Chestnuts (Castanea) belongs to family Fagaceae, with natural habitat in deciduous forests of eastern North America, Europe, and East Asia. There are seven species in genus Castanea but in this experiment, we have studied three species i.e. American chestnut … Read more

Review on Cultural eutrophication

Eutrophication, is the artificial enrichment of a water body or aquatic system with phosphorus and nitrogen nutrients, usually with an excess amount of nutrients. This process causes an excessive growth of plants and algae and due to the biomass load, may result in oxygen depletion in the water body. For example, as a response to … Read more

Medicinal uses of Pithecellobium dulce and its health benefits

ABSTRACT Phytochemical screening of plants has revealed the presence of diverse chemicals together consisting alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, steroids, glycosides, saponins. Several plants extracts and phytochemicals show antioxidant free radical scavenging properties. Secondary metabolites of plants function as unconscious process against predation by several microorganisms, insects and herbivores. Plant merchandise is a part of phytomedicines since … Read more

The Effect of Eucalyptus Oil on Pests and Weeds

Outline of research: Over a time period of three months an experiment will be carried out to investigate the effects of Eucalyptus oil on weeds and possibly pests. An area with plants affected by pests and weeds will be found by looking for damage to plants affecting their growth. Then drops of Eucalyptus oils will … Read more

The Serious Problem of Air Pollution in Saudi Arabia and the Solutions to the Environmental Issue

Air pollution could be defined as any substance that may harm the environment, and the living beings. Air pollution can be classified as visible and invisible. We can divide air pollution into two types, primary air pollutants and secondary pollutants (Miller). The damage causes by air pollution varies from place to place, as determined by … Read more

The Yosemite National Park

Yosemite National Park is one of the most iconic places to visit in United States. The park became protected after Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Grant; “which after being passed set aside the land from being developed and guaranteed its preservation” (Wikipedia ‘Yosemite National Park’ 2015. Web. 22 May 2015). Yosemite was formed over 10 … Read more

Globar warming

What is global warming? Global warming refers to extreme changes in the Earth’s climate. The term illustrates dramatic increases in atmospheric and water temperatures experienced as a result of growing amounts of greenhouse gas emissions. Humans are responsible for producing these gases via cars, electricity, and factories. The main products of these activities that are … Read more

Mangroves: Importance and Threats

Mangrove vegetation includes trees, shrubs, palms and ground greeneries that develop within the intertidal areas of waterfront and estuarine edges (Benfield, 2002). There are about 20 families of plants that have individuals in mangrove area and they share several specialized features that enable them to adapt with the stressors related with regular inundation by the … Read more

Rhetorical Analysis Of James Hansen’S “Why I Must Speak Out About Climate Change” 

The former opening line of NASA’s mission statement, “To understand and protect the home planet,” served as a sensible basis for Dr. James Hansen to dedicate his life to the study of climate change and to present his findings to most of the modern world. Yet despite being a credible source and producing factual information, … Read more

Light pollution and sky glow

Set up a piece of white paper so that it is equally illuminated by indirect natural light. Choose a place where the light is bright. The most important thing is that the paper is illuminated evenly. Choose a time and place during which it is unlikely there will be any changes in how much light … Read more

Essay on Fossil Fuels

The variety of fuels used to generate electricity all have some impact on the environment, some negative (Power Scorecaard.) Scientist have addressed many problems that generating electricity may cause. Nuclear power plants are generating large quantities of radioactive waste. Fossil fuel power plants release air pollution and require cooling water and can ruin large lands … Read more

What can cause a tsunami?

In the Atlantic ocean there could be a tsunami, it’s a rare moment, but possible. The most reason why a tsunami is caused are by earthquakes. A tsunami can be caused by a underwater landslides or a volcanic eruptions. It could be caused by a meteorite crashing into the ocean. Tsunamis It could be a … Read more