Juvenile Justice

To many Americans today, the country is a hostage-but not from oversea terrorism as one might expect to think. No today, we live in fear from our own children; and these are the same young people who we are entrusting the future of this great country with. According to the Department of Justice report released … Read more

Problems, Solutions, and Future of Law Enforcement Intelligence

The use of intelligence within law enforcement intelligence agencies is not always perfect. There may be a way to safeguard against the misuse of intelligence processes to assure proper use it at all times, but it has not yet been discovered. The only way that agencies can try and control the misuse of intelligence is … Read more

First Amendment Essay

No other democratic society in the world permits personal freedoms to the degree of the United States of America. Within the last sixty years, American courts, especially the Supreme Court, have developed a set of legal doctrines that thoroughly protect all forms of the freedom of expression. When it comes to evaluating the degree to … Read more

The Securities And Exchange Commission

In 1934 the Securities Exchange Act created the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) in response to the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was created to protect U. S. investors against malpractice in securities and financial markets. The purpose of the SEC was and still is to carry … Read more

Racial Profiling Essay

The great era of civil rights started in the 1960s, with Martin Luther King, Jr. s stirring I have a Dream speech at the historic march on Washington in August of 1963. At the same time Birmingham Police Commissioner Bull Connor used powerful fire hoses and vicious police attack dogs against nonviolent black civil rights … Read more

The rights of individual in the international public law

The question of the role of individuals in international law is closely bound up with the rise in the international protection of human rights. This theory maintains that individuals constitute only the subject-matter of intended legal regulation. Only states, and possibly international organizations, are subjects of the law. This has been a theory of limited … Read more

3 branches of government

Democracy is a Greek word meaning rule by the people. The idea of a democratic government began in Greece in 700 B. C, about twenty-five hundred years ago. Rome was so large that not everyone could play a role in government so the Roman citizens elected representatives to speak and act for them. This form … Read more

Ethics Law Essay

Advertising is constantly bombarded by criticism. It is accused of encouraging materialism and consumption, of stereotyping, of causing us to purchase items for which we have no need, of taking advantage of children, of manipulating our behavior, using sex to sell, and generally contributing to the downfall of our social system. Critics of advertising abound. … Read more

The American Constitution

The basis of all law in the United States is the Constitution. This Constitution is a document written by “outcasts” of England. The Constitution of the United States sets forth the nation’s fundamental laws. It establishes the form of the national government and defines the rights and liberties of the American people. It also lists … Read more

The Brehon Laws

Passed down for centuries, the Brehon Laws have made it to the present day. Although no longer in practice, the Brehon Laws give us a glimpse of what things were like in Ireland centuries and centuries ago. The actual technical term for the law tracts is Fenechas, which basically means the law of the Freemen. … Read more

Our Living Shield: The First Amendment

The authors of the Constitution of the United States created a magnificent list of liberties which were, at the time ascribed, to most people belonging to the United States. The main author, James Madison, transported the previous ideas of f undamental liberties from the great libertarians around the world, such as John Lilburne, John Locke, … Read more

Copyright Laws Essay

With the new millennium now here, what are some of the changes headed towards us? Now that we have Y2K out of the picture, we unfortunately have something new to fear, well at least for some of us. The stealing of intellectual property is on the rise and there are very few copyright laws and … Read more

Constitution of the United States

When the Constitution of the United States was first created in 1787, its purpose was to unify our country. However, by 1850, the United States had become ‘source of sectional discord and tension and ultimately contributed to the failure of the union it had created. ‘ What happened during the 63 years after it was … Read more

Comparing the Meiji and MacArthur Constitution

Two major changes in government were the driving force for the Meiji and 1947 (MacArthur) Constitutions to be drafted in Japan. The Meiji Constitution presented in 1889, was created during an era of restoration that reestablished the Emperor as head of the Japanese government and its people. This document served to not only bring back … Read more

Reno v. ACLU

The conflict began on February 8, 1996, when President Clinton signed the CDA law and ACLU, along with EPIC and eighteen other plaintiffs, immediately filed its legal challenge. ACLU v. Reno represents the first legal challenge to censorship provisions of the Communications Decency Act (CDA). The CDA makes it a crime, punishable by up to … Read more

International Tribunal Essay

On May 25, 1993, U. N. Security Council Resolution 827 established an international tribunal charged with prosecuting violations of international law arising from the armed conflicts in the former Yugoslavia. Not since the Nuremberg and Tokyo trials, following World War II has an international court tried individuals accused of crimes against humanity, war crimes, and … Read more

A History of English Common Law

The origin of English Common in the 12th century was sparked by the death of King Henry I in 1135. The nephew of Henry I was Stephen, and he was acknowledged to be the rightful king, but the magnates and such had sworn loyalty to Henrys daughter, Matilda. The entire reign of Stephen, which lasted … Read more

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws are about power. Power of one race over another. These laws really highlight the flaws and weakness of human nature. One group of people asserting power over another for the pride and vanity of a system of politics that had been defeated at the cost of thousands of American lives during the … Read more

Articles of Confederation

As the first written constitution of the United States, the Articles of Confederation created a legislature where each state was represented equally. The Congress had jurisdiction over foreign relations with the authority to form alliances and make treaties, make war and peace, sustain an army and navy, coin money, establish a postal service, create admiralty … Read more

Universally Accepted Declaration of Human Rights

The preamble of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) proclaims that the rights discussed in the document are “a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations. ” This document, along with the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) as well as the International Covenant on Civil and Political … Read more

Jurisdiction in the Global Internet Age

E-Jurisdiction (or the lack thereof)… At the beginning of a new century, the Internet Revolution is upon us. At the turn of the last century, when the Revolution was Industrial instead of Virtual, the courts and legislatures struggled to enact policies to keep pace with the changing times and technologies. Laws governing labor practices, trade … Read more

Gun Control and the Second Amendment

“If the second amendment does not mean what it says, what about the first? “, this was the question asked by author, and National Rifle Association member, Bill Clede. In his article “Gun Control, Press Control”, he warns journalists about the hidden dangers associated with gun control. When dealing with the interpretation of the Constitution, … Read more

The Value of a Jury System

The Founders of our nation understood that no idea was more central to our Bill of Rights — indeed, to government of the people, by the people, and for the people — than the citizen jury. It was cherished not only as a bulwark against tyranny but also as an essential means of educating Americans … Read more

International Declaration of Human Rights and Freedoms

After the war crimes committed by the Germans in the holocaust that occurred during World War II, the United nations decided to create a document guaranteeing respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all people, regardless of race, sex, language, or religion. This document was called The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The declaration … Read more

Thou Shalt not Trample on the Constitution

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. This is the first amendment to the Constitution. In essence … Read more

The Securities And Exchange Commission

In 1934 the Securities Exchange Act created the SEC (Securities and Exchange Commission) in response to the stock market crash of 1929 and the Great Depression of the 1930s. It was created to protect U. S. investors against malpractice in securities and financial markets. The purpose of the SEC was and still is to carry … Read more

The Vagueness of the Emancipation Act of 1834

The Emancipation Act of 1834 changed the course of history and the lives of many people in Great Britain and her colonies. However, despite its careful preparation by the British Parliament there were several flaws in the Act. The Act of Emancipation addressed many issues in order to bring about the much-desired abolition of slavery … Read more

Jim Crow Laws

Jim Crow laws are about power. Power of one race over another. These laws really highlight the flaws and weakness of human nature. One group of people asserting power over another for the pride and vanity of a system of politics that had been defeated at the cost of thousands of American lives during the … Read more

The question of Constitutional interpretation still has yet to be resolved

Should only the explicit commands of our nations Founding Fathers be referenced in courts of law, or can it be justified that an outside body should extrapolate from the specific text of the Constitution to define and defend additional fundamental rights? Further, if this body, namely the Supreme Court, bases its decisions of constitutional relevance … Read more

Loving v. Virginia

On July 11, 1958 a couple of hours after midnight, Richard Loving a white man and Mildred Loving an African American woman were awakened to the presence of three officers in their bedroom. One of the three officers demanded from Richard to identify the woman next to him. Mildred, full of fear, told the officers … Read more

Article 2B (Law of Licensing)

A new law will probably be introduced into state legislatures which will govern all contracts for the development, sale, licensing, and support of computer software. This law, which has been in development for about ten years, will be an amendment to the Uniform Commercial Code. The amendment is called Article 2B (Law of Licensing) and … Read more

Civil Liberties: A Look Into The Future

After September 11, 2001, in the United States of America, many aspects of our daily lives have changed. One notable change has been the creation of the Department of Homeland Security. Many bills are being drafted to ensure the safety of the United States. We, as Americans, are going to have to sacrifice many of … Read more

The question of Constitutional interpretation still has yet to be resolved

Justification and Weaknesses of the Non-Interpretive Model The question of Constitutional interpretation still has yet to be resolved. Should only the explicit commands of our nations Founding Fathers be referenced in courts of law, or can it be justified that an outside body should extrapolate from the specific text of the Constitution to define and … Read more

Teenage Curfew Laws: Beneficial or Detrimental

Sally walked out of the coffee shop downtown and wandered to her car. It was about 12:15 a. m. on one Tuesday over the summer, and her parents had set her curfew for 12:30 a. m. Sally thought she would be home right on time; unfortunately, the Roanoke City Council though otherwise. Since Sally is … Read more

Moral Law vs. Civil Law

In the case of Antigone versus the state, she chose to follow moral law, or God’s law if you will. Ultimately she felt that His law was right, and the civil government had no right to say who does and who does not have the right to a proper burial. People make decisions everyday in … Read more

Reasons For Limitations On Free Speech

The Constitution of the United States states in its First Amendment that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress … Read more

Idaho Legislature 2000 Project

The Idaho Legislature held its first session in 1890. At that time the legislature was composed of 18 senators and 36 representatives. The state constitution was amended so each county had at least one Senator and one Representative. Currently reapportionment that occurs every 10 years determines the size of the Idaho Legislature. Until 1968 the … Read more

Clean Air Act

1990, the federal Clean Air Act was passed to improve air quality in the United States. President Bush’s proposed amendments to the Clean Air Act initially would have led to the introduction of alternative, non-petroleum fuels. The petroleum and oxygenate industries responded by offering a reformulated gasoline program as a substitute for most of the … Read more

Constitution Comparison Essay

I compared the U. S. A. constitution and the Australian constitution. Their differences are as abundant as their similarities. The Australian constitution is extremely long and drawn out, where as the United States constitution sticks right to the point. All in all, the two constitutions have the same goal in that they wish to bestow … Read more

Explanation of The Declaration of Independence

The Declaration of Independence is perhaps the most masterfully written document of Western civilization. This essay seeks to illuminate that artistry by probing the discourse microscopically at the level of the sentence, phrase, word, and syllable. By approaching the Declaration in this way, we can shed light both on its literary qualities and on its … Read more

Clean Air Act

Air pollution may cause enflamed eyes and nose and an itchy, irritated throat, as well as problems in respiration. A number of chemicals found in polluted air cause cancer, birth defects, brain and nerve damage and long- term injury to the lungs and breathing passages. Some air pollutants are so hazardous that accidental releases can … Read more

Brehon Laws Essay

Passed down for centuries, the Brehon Laws have made it to the present day. Although no longer in practice, the Brehon Laws give us a glimpse of what things were like in Ireland centuries and centuries ago. The actual technical term for the law tracts is Fenechas, which basically means the law of the Freemen. … Read more

The Constitution of the United States of America

The Constitution of the United States of America contains the basic rights of citizens of this country. There is, perhaps, no right more controversial than the First Amendment in the Constitution, first introduced on December 15, 1791. The First Amendment states, Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free … Read more

Abortion Should Be Kept Out of The Criminal Code

Abortion, termination of pregnancy before the fetus is capable of independent life. When the expulsion from the womb occurs after the fetus becomes viable (capable of independent life), usually at the end of six months of pregnancy, it is technically a premature birth. The practice of abortion was widespread in ancient times as a method … Read more

Reasons For Limitations On Free Speech

The Constitution of the United States states in its First Amendment that “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress … Read more