Duplex Collecting System

Kidneys play a vital role for the human body. The kidneys act as a filter, as they control chemicals that are introduced to the body and regulate the urine that will be excreted. “The kidneys must filter all blood, remove waste products, reabsorb selected substances needed by the body, and secrete what is not needed … Read more

Karen Quinlan Case Summary Essay

Case: The Matter of Karen Quinlan, (1976). Facts: A 911 dispatch call was received late on the night of April 15, 1975 by the Sussex County, New Jersey police. The call placed by friends of Karen Quinlan stated that she had “collapsed and then stopped breathing”, it was reported to physicians that Karen was apneic … Read more

Cardia Pre-Op Clinic Reflection Essay

This week in the cardia pre-op clinic, a Nurse Practitioner (NP) named Dot told me about her patient needed child life and that she was not prepared for her surgery. The patient was an 8-year-old girl from Puerto Rico who spoke Spanish and some English. I met D. F. and her mother in the waiting … Read more

Essay on Heart Failure Literature Review

Heart failure (HF) is a progressive disease which affects more than five million Americans (Yancy et al. , 2013). HF negatively impacts quality of life and it is associated with frequent hospitalizations and high mortality. Evidence-based practice guidelines aid health care professionals with treatment management and provide pathways to optimize individual patient care. The main … Read more

The Circulatory System

Forwards and backwards to the right and are at the same level of the fifth to eight dorsal vertebrae. The apex of the heart points downwards and forwards to the left and corresponds to the space between the fifth and sixth ribs. However, in thin people, the hearts apex may be pointing more downwards than … Read more