Duplex Collecting System

Kidneys play a vital role for the human body. The kidneys act as a filter, as they control chemicals that are introduced to the body and regulate the urine that will be excreted. “The kidneys must filter all blood, remove waste products, reabsorb selected substances needed by the body, and secrete what is not needed … Read more

Acute Renal Failure Essay

Acute renal failure (ARF), also know as Acute Kidney Injury/Impairment (AKI) is described as a condition where there is a rapid decline in kidney function which results in an increase in accumulation of waste materials in the body and decreased urine output, usually over hours to weeks, occurring in a person with or without a … Read more