Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA )

ASSIGNMENT TOPIC – ELISA ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is the test has evolved from other types of immunoassays in the early 1970s and is now one of the most advanced widely clinical, translational, used laboratory technique in as well as clinical medicine. This assay is also used for detecting and quantifying substances such as peptides, … Read more

Cultivation Practices Of Carrots

Cultivation practices of carrots Carrot is a semi-hardy crop which is cultivated all over the world. It is the common name used in Zambia for Daucus carota. Since it is a semi-hardy crop, carrot require cool weather for it to perform well. Carrot need long days and vernalization of roots. Despite carrot being able to … Read more

What are Sensory Modalities?

Sensory Modalities A sensory modality is a way of sensing, like vision or hearing. Modality in someone’s voice gives a sense of the person’s mood. In logic, modality has to do with whether a proposition is necessary, possible, or impossible. In general, amodality is a particular way in which something exists. Stimulus modality, also called … Read more

Kangaroo Reproduction

KANGAROO REPRODUCTION Marsupials’ reproductive systems differ markedly from those of placental mammals. During embryonic development, a choriovitelline placenta forms in all marsupials. In bandicoots, an additional chorioallantoic placenta forms, although it lacks the chorionic villi found in eutherian placentas. Female marsupials have two lateral vaginas, which lead to separate uteri, but both open externally through … Read more

Weighing the Pros & Cons of Massage Therapy after Chiropractic Treatment in Wasilla

Massage therapy has been around for centuries and has been used for medicinal and/or healing purposes around the world. Has your doctor prescribed chiropractic massage therapy in Wasilla? Are you wondering if chiropractic care with massage therapy could help heal your injuries? Perhaps you have heard or read stories about chiropractic massage therapy and wondered … Read more

The Process of Mitosis and Meiosis

Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females.During the process of meiosis one cell divides two times to form four daughter cells. These four daughter cells only have … Read more

Gas Chromatography (GC or GLC)

Gas Chromatography (GC or GLC) is a commonly used analytic technique in many research and industrial laboratories for quality control as well as identification and quantitation of compounds in a mixture. GC is also a frequently used technique in many environmental and forensic laboratories because it allows for the detection of very small quantities. A … Read more

Examination of the Use of Column Chromatography for Spinach Purification

Absorbance Spectra of Spinach Fractions Purified by Column Chromatography Introduction Column chromatography is a particular branch of chemical purification, by which the components of a substance are separated from each other based on each component’s chemical interactions with certain filters – absorbents and solvents. The analyzed species, often a solid ground into a particulate solute, … Read more

An Examination Of The 1,2-Diphenyl-1,2-Ethanediol Synthesis Through The Reduction Of Benzoin In Sodium Borohydride

To carry out the sodium borohydride reduction, 1.0g benzoin previously synthesized was combined in a 125mL Erlenmeyer flask with 15mL 100% ethanol and 250mg sodium borohydride. The flask was stirred on a magnetic stir plate for 15min. After 15 minutes, a thin-layer chromatography (TLC) analysis was performed to check for reaction completeness. The TLC developing … Read more

Candle Making Basics

The use of candles for light and heat is known to have existed in ancient times. The remains of candles have been found in the caves of France. It is believed that cavemen used them while painting and etching on the walls. It is believed those candles where made out of animal fat. The Egyptians … Read more

Electricity in the World

Electricity is the greatest gift of science to mankind. We have reached a point of our civilization when electricity is used for all purposes. Electricity is a source of energy. It is produced by a battery or a coil of wires or by dynamo machine. It is produced in thermal station and also in hydro-project. … Read more

Oxford ever ringing bell?

Located in a corridor close to the foyer of the Clarendon Laboratory at the University of Oxford, England, the Oxford Electric Bell or Clarendon Dry Pile is an experimental electric bell which has run continuously ever since when it was set up in 1840. It was “one of the first pieces” from a collection of … Read more

“The Red Planet” Mars

Mars, or “The Red Planet”, as it is sometimes referred to due to the red brown color of its surface is the fourth planet from the Sun and is the planet that most relates to Earth out of all those in our solar system. It is 227,940,000 km away from the Sun and the last … Read more

Stages of Socialization

The human child comes into the world, as a biological organism with animal needs. He is gradually moulded in society into a social being and learns social ways of acting and feeling. No individual could become the person and no culture could exist without it. This process of moulding and shaping the personality of the … Read more

Fog Beetle: Full Characteristic

INTRODUCTION Many creatures that live in the desert rely on some sort of special adaptations, and fog beetles have one of the weirdest ways of finding water. The Namib desert where these beetles live, is located on the South-West coast of Africa (21°07?S 14°33?E) This is one of the most arid areas of the world, … Read more

The incredible history of the periodic table

The periodic table has an incredibly vast history of development, requiring the hard work of many scientific geniuses in the world. It’s creation is also linked with the discover of the chemical elements. The first person to discover a new element was Hennig Brand, a bankrupt german merchant. Hennig Brand tried to replicate the mythical … Read more

The Two-Step Organic Synthesis of 4-Bromoaceanilide and how Green Chemistry Principles Apply

The Use of Green Chemistry Principles in Analyzing the Synthesis of 4-Bromoacetanilide Abstract This experiment was completed with the purpose to utilize the principles of green chemistry in the analysis of the two-step organic synthesis of 4-bromoaceanilide. This experiment was relevant because of the importance of green chemistry principles in regards to environmental and human … Read more

Volumetric analysis: What is it?

Volumetric analysis is a measureable and analytical method used widely. This particular method involves measuring the amount of volume in a solution whereby the concentration is known and then applied to determine the concentration of the substance. This means that the measuring of the volume of a second substance which combines with the first known … Read more

Niels Bohr’s biography

Niels Bohr was a man who was born in Copenhagen in the year 1885, on the 7th of October. Niels Henrik David Bohr was already in the clear to be a strong influence to the scientific community. Bohr was raised in an educated family, where his parents his parents had him always studying and working … Read more

Reviewing James Franco’s Movie The Sound And The Fury

Adaptation of The sound and the Fury book into a movie The Sound and the Fury is a novel written by William Faulkner, an American writer. A novel is full of narrative stories, including stream of consciousness. This was one of the most characteristic novels Faulkner ever wrote, it became successful in every way. The … Read more

Analysis of the Mollier diagram to simplify the calculations of thermodynamic magnitudes

The enthalpy-entropy chart, also known as the Mollier diagram, has different technical applications. It is widely used to estimate the enthalpy of pure substances and the mixtures of substances that are most frequently found in Engineering. Mollier’s chart serves to simplify calculations of enthalpy, entropy, pressure, temperature, specific volume and the quality of steam and … Read more

The Irrelevance of a Student’s Performance as a Success Determinant With Reference To Albert Einstein, Thomas Edison, And Benjamin Franklin

Most of the time a student’s achievement in education is measured by grades. Can you achieve more success in life with higher grades? Grades portray what the teacher or professors believe to be the best or worst answer. A student could learn a lot in a class but have a bad grade because of a … Read more

Essay about Venus

Atmosphere Venus’ atmosphere consists mainly of carbon dioxide, with clouds of sulfuric acid droplets. The thick atmosphere traps the sun’s heat, resulting in surface temperatures higher than 880 degrees F% (470 degrees C%). The atmosphere has many layers with different temperatures. At the level where the clouds are, about 30 miles up from the surface, … Read more

The Biography of Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius was born on December 31, 1514, in Brussels, Belgium, to Anders van Wesel, and his wife, Isabel Crabbe. His father was court apothecary to Charles V of Spain.In 1528, he got enrolled at the University of Leuven taking arts, but later decided to pursue a career in the military. In 1533, he got … Read more

Apoptosis: A Review of Programmed Cell Death

Apoptosis is a form of cell death in which a programmed sequence of events leads to the elimination of cells without releasing harmful substances into the surrounding area. Apoptosis is ATP-dependent and is characterized by cell and organelle shrinkage, and membranes bleeding. Apoptosis plays a crucial role in developing and maintaining the health of the … Read more

What is blood’s composition?

All humans have blood, but what is blood? What is blood’s composition? What is blood’s purpose? How is blood produced? How does the blood circulatory system work? What are the types of blood? Do all animals have blood? Is blood always red? This report will tackle these questions and provide a scientific answer to each. … Read more

The apoplastic pathway

The apoplastic pathway or also knowned as a non-living pathways provides a direction toward the vascular stele through free spaces and cell walls of the epidermis and cortex. In addition,the apoplastic route allows direct access to the xylem and phloem along the margins of secondary roots. Secondary roots formed from the pericycle, a cell layer … Read more

Trenbolone acetate effects

Trenbolone, an esterified form of testosterone, caused Frank’s testicles to shrink because the steroid trenbolone produces three times the effects of testosterone, making the body appear larger and performing certain roles of the testosterone, yet lacking the actual testosterone needed for the body to properly function. Since the testosterone was replaced by the trenbolone, sperm … Read more

Polymers (Paints)

The term “polymer” is composed of two words, (polus, meaning “many, much”) and (meros, meaning “parts”), and refers to a molecule whose structure is composed of multiple repeating units, from which originates a characteristic of high relative molecular mass. The units that make up these polymers are known as polymer. Polymerization is of two types: … Read more

How to Manage Dry-Heat Cooking

Dry-heat cooking refers to any cooking technique where the heat is transferred to the food item without using any moisture. Dry-heat cooking typically involves high temperatures, meaning 300°F or hotter. Some dry-heat cooking methods are sauteing, pan frying, roasting and baking. Note that the browning of food, as when bread is toasted, can only be … Read more

The Invention of the Light Bulb

The light bulb greatly changed the world in many ways that continue to affect how individuals experience their lives today. Long ago using natural sources, for example, candles, lamps, and firewood were common ways of illuminating dark places. Billions of people have got accustomed to the convenience of the lightbulb that they couldn’t imagine a … Read more

The Beginning of the Universe

Billion years ago, there was an extra-ordinary event without which nothing would exist. It was the beginning of the universe. It was the time when a large amount of energy in an infinitely small space violently expanded and led to the creation of universe and everything else that we see around us today. It can … Read more

The Negative Effect of Chasing the Dream of Colonizing Mars

There is no necessity in colonizing Mars because we still have to make Earth problems superior. Mars is the fourth planet, an inhabitable planet that has no atmosphere, and its average distance to Earth is 225 million kilometers away from Earth. The fact remains that Mars is inhabitable will be a problem colonizing. A trip … Read more

Is genetic engineering ethical

Genetic Engineering is a powerful and potentially very dangerous too. To change the sequence of nucleotides of the DNA that code for the structure of a complex living organism, can have extremely ill effects although the potential benefit can be huge. Genetic Engineering is a technology that has been introduced to change the DNA of … Read more

Causes And Care For Bad Breath

“ Bad breath is caused by odor-producing bacteria that grow in the mouth. When you don’t brush and floss regularly, bacteria accumulate on the bits of food left in your mouth and between your teeth. The sulfur compounds released by these bacteria make your breath smell. Bad breath, or halitosis, can be a major problem, … Read more

Biology: What is homeostasis?

The word homeostasis come from the ancient Greek, and it’s the union of the two words homeo and stasis. Homois means “similar”, and stasis means “staying still”, which gives the idea of “staying the same”. The human body consists of millions of cells working together to maintain the whole organism, and whereas the cells have … Read more

Subjective well being

Subjective well-being (SWB) has been defined as a person cognitive and affective evaluations of his or her life’ (Diener, Lucas, & Oshi, 2002). The cognitive component refers to what one individual thinks about his or her life satisfaction in universal terms (life as a whole) and in domain terms (in particular areas of life such … Read more

Cells and Mechanical Force

It is the cells in tissues that are responsible to mechanical forces. It is now well recognized that mechanical forces play a fundamental role in the regulation of cell functions, including gene induction, protein synthesis, cell proliferation, migration, death, and differentiation, which are essential to maintain tissue homeostasis and functions such as in muscle, bone, … Read more