The Donahue Levitt hypothesis

The Donahue Levitt hypothesis is the relationship that legalized abortion has on crime rates. The researchers suggested that children who are not wanted or are not sufficiently supported by their parents are more than likely to become criminals. The study also found that there is an inverse correlation between crime rates and how readily available … Read more

Outline and evaluate learning theory as an explanation of attachment

The learning theory of attachment is a behaviourist explanation that suggests that attachment is developed through classical or operant conditioning. It is sometimes referred to as a cupboard love theory, as the infant attaches to the caregiver who provides the food. Classical conditioning is learnt through association and occurs when a response is produced naturally … Read more

Social Process and Social Development Theory Paper

Social process theories view irregular and unlawful behaviors as a developing tool cultivated through societal interaction. Social development theories view deviant and criminal behaviors as part of a maturational process. The process involves numerous viewpoints including biological, psychological, and social that all occur simultaneously as the individual progresses through life. The social process and social … Read more

The importance of establishing incontrovertible facts is overestimated

In the process of knowledge acquisition, knowers often follow an overall framework that can be used to obtain incontrovertible facts. While it may seem that ambiguity in knowledge is undesirable, it is certainly ubiquitous. This begs the questions: why does ambiguity arise and, ultimately, how does it affect the quality of knowledge? Incontrovertible facts refer … Read more

Derren Brown: The Guilt Trip

Derren Brown is an English mentalist, hypnotic, skeptic, and illusionist. Derren Brown uses techniques such as cognitive psychology, hypnosis, memory, and cold reading. His shows achieve psychological illusion by combining the skills of a magician and hypnotist (Totally History Derren Brown). In his show—The Experiments, he conducted an experiment which he called “The Guilt Trip”. … Read more

The Biography of Explorer Jean Nicolet

Jean Nicolet, born 1598 at Cherbourg, France. Died November 1, 1642. His place of death was at Sillery, Quebec City, Canada. His cause of death was drowning. JEan Nicolet, Sieur de Belleborne was a French coureur des bois noted for discovering and exploring Lake Michigan, Mackinac Island, Green Bay, and being the first European to … Read more

Synthesis of Molecular trefoil Knots (31) by passive metal template RCM approach

Using the Alexander Briggs notation, the trefoil knot (31) is considered the simplest non-trivial knot and the most amenable to chemical synthesis. Many different synthetic approaches to prepare trefoil knots have been investigated. In particular, the passive metal template-directed methodology coupled with RCM has been successfully employed to mechanically restrict the relative positions of molecular … Read more

Relevant Theories On Sentimental Relationships Among Young People

As research has risen, it has turned out to be progressively evident that immature sentimental connections warrant substantially more consideration than they have generally been given. They assume a critical job in young people’s everyday lives, and significantly affect their current emotional well-being, their progressing improvement and future sentimental connections. The particular age at which … Read more

The Well of Despair

The Well of Despair Pragya Chaturvedi Piedmont Governor’s School for Mathematics, Science, and Technology The Well of Despair Source in first sentence (“Mengele,” n.d., n.pag.). Harry Harlow conducted experiments on rhesus monkeys to research the nature of maternal love (“Harry Harlow,” 2017). He used maternal deprivation and social isolation experiments to do so. The first … Read more

Mayo and the Hawthorne Studies

Beginning in 1927 and running through 1932, the Hawthorne Studies took place at the Western Electric Company’s Chicago Plant, who employed mostly women who assembled telephone equipment. The number one objective of the Hawthorne Studies was to examine how different work conditions affected employee productivity. When Mayo first began, he experimented with the plant’s physical … Read more

Path-goal Theory Of Leadership

Leadership has been a mysterious and controversial topic of discussion. Researchers have tried to discover, what factors determine how a leader acts and what traits, abilities, behaviors, sources of power or aspects of the situation determine how well a leader is able to influence followers and accomplish group objectives. To demystify leadership many research findings … Read more

Evaluation Of Operant Conditioning Theory Of Learning By Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Operant conditioning is one of the theories of learning founded by a famous American psychologist Skinner, but the real founder of the theory is Edward Thorndike. Operant conditioning is a process that attempts to modify behaviour through rewards (reinforcement) or through consequences (punishment). Reinforcement Reinforcement defined as an increase in a good behaviour after the … Read more

The Kansas City Police experiment

The Kansas City Police experiment began in October 1972 and continued through 1973. This experiment was conducted by the Kansas police department and evaluated by the Police Foundation. Patrols were varied within 15 police beats. Routine preventive patrol was eliminated in five beats, labeled “reactive” beats (meaning officers entered these areas only in response to … Read more

Why are theories important?

Dr. Barbara LoFrisco, a professor at the University of South Florida, once said, “If you understand why something is important, not only will you be more motivated to understand it, but you will also be able to put your new knowledge into proper context” (LoFrisco, 2013). Think of theories as a set of frameworks for … Read more

The principle of Falsifiability

The principle of Falsifiability with term ’Falsification’ is introduced by Popper which is a theory is disproved be empirical observations that contradict the implications of that theory. This theory came out to refute the logical positivism’s induction method. For example, a given statement ’ All sapphire is blue’ is considered true in general, however Popper … Read more

Briefly explaining the differences between negative feedback, positive feedback and feed-forward in physiological system with suitable examples

A feedback loop is a biological occurrence wherein the output of a system amplifies the system (positive feedback) or inhibits the system (negative feedback). Living organisms are able to maintain homeostasis through these feedback loops. This is the mechanism that enables us to keep our internal environment relatively constant. Examples of negative feedback include maintaining … Read more

Classical Conditioning Theory Of Learning By Ivan Pavlov

Understanding human’s behavior have been always an attractive field that driven scientists to make uncounted researches throughout the history. John B. Watson the Father of American Behaviorist (1878-1958) was one of those scientists who studied this field. So he worked on “Learning theory” which interprets the individuals’ behavior through several sub-theories’ perspectives; was founded by, … Read more

The great explorer Marco Polo

Marco Polo was an Italian merchant and explorer, famous for introducing Europeans to China and Central Asia. He inspired future travelers, including Christopher Columbus. Born presumably in the Republic of Venice around 1254, Marco Polo played an important role in cartography. His pioneering explorations of East Asia, as depicted in his iconic book, led to … Read more

Review On David McClelland’s Theory

In 1973, David McClelland published a paper titled “Testing for competence rather than intelligence”. In this paper, he founded a theory on competency and he demonstrated how it result in higher job performance. McClelland proved that behavioral traits and characteristics of an individual are more influential than aptitude tests in proving which individual would be … Read more

Describe and critically evaluate Watson and Rayner’s (1920) study with little Albert.

Introduction Watson and Rayner (1920) investigated classical conditioning, a behaviorist theory of learning. The researchers conditioned fear into little Albert and showed that fear can be learned. This research was ground-breaking as it demonstrated how phobias can be acquired at a young age. Although Albert was psychologically harmed Jones (1924) found fear could be unconditioned … Read more

Briefly explaining the differences between negative feedback, positive feedback and feed-forward in physiological system with suitable examples

A feedback loop is a biological occurrence wherein the output of a system amplifies the system (positive feedback) or inhibits the system (negative feedback). Living organisms are able to maintain homeostasis through these feedback loops. This is the mechanism that enables us to keep our internal environment relatively constant. Examples of negative feedback include maintaining … Read more

Howard Gardner’s theory

Howard Gardner is an American developmental psychologist, he thinks that the conventional definitions of intelligence are too narrow. He admits that a general aspect of intelligence exists but does not believe it’s’ efficacy in explaining an individual’s performance in a particular situation. According to his view people have eight different abilities, also known as multiple … Read more

Percent Error & Percent Difference

“ By now it is quite clear that this investigation could have given more promising results because the extent of Percent Error does signify and question the reliability of the data collected during this experiment. But, nonetheless, the reasons why these errors came to be are explained in the following. There was extensive loss of … Read more

“America’s Failing Experiment: How We the People Have Become the Problem” Analysis

In Goidel’s “America’s Failing Experiment: How We the People Have Become the Problem,” he expresses his concern for America and how living in a democracy with widespread and hardcore democratic values is contributing to the failure of our system. In his book, he analyzes the collective mindsets of what he considers most of America has … Read more

What is an emulsifier?

An emulsifier is a substance that stabilizes an emulsion. They make it possible to mix two oil and water-base components together. An emulsion is a combination of two liquids that would not normally mix. Emulsifiers are the chemicals that cause emulsions to happen. They also make it easier to create a stable, smooth emulsion. A … Read more

The great explorer Marco Polo

Marco Polo was an Italian merchant and explorer, famous for introducing Europeans to China and Central Asia. He inspired future travelers, including Christopher Columbus. Born presumably in the Republic of Venice around 1254, Marco Polo played an important role in cartography. His pioneering explorations of East Asia, as depicted in his iconic book, led to … Read more

What are The Falsifiers?

The falsifiers consider the scientific theories to be hypothetical and temporary hypotheses that are presented freely and creatively to solve problems that the previous theory faces or to explain the new observational phenomena. Therefore, at the discovery stage, there is no need for induction and generalization of observations. On the other hand, in this perspective, … Read more

Describe and critically evaluate Watson and Rayner’s (1920) study with little Albert.

Introduction Watson and Rayner (1920) investigated classical conditioning, a behaviorist theory of learning. The researchers conditioned fear into little Albert and showed that fear can be learned. This research was ground-breaking as it demonstrated how phobias can be acquired at a young age. Although Albert was psychologically harmed Jones (1924) found fear could be unconditioned … Read more

Literary Analysis Draft

Growing up is not an easy task for many children especially girls because they are voiceless, forgotten, and dehumanized. Given many challenges faced by women, this essay discusses the challenges faced by the narrator in the short story; We came all the way from Cuba so you could dress like this which is written by … Read more

Research On The Concept And Aplications Of Attachment Theory

Basic Theoretical Premises of Theory Attachment theory explains the dynamics of long-term relationships, especially those between infants and their caregivers. The theory explains the response between two loved ones. Attachment in infants involves the closeness they seek for a caregiver when in trouble expecting that they will be protected from it. When a person’s attachment … Read more