The effects of solitary confinement

Solitary confinement Abstract Solitary confinement is the practice of isolating people in closed cells for 22-24 hours a day, virtually free of human contact, for periods of time ranging from days to decades. Few prison systems use the term “solitary confinement”, instead referring to prison “segregation” or placement in “restrictive housing”. As this may be … Read more

Routine Activity Theory and Residential Burglary

In the late 1970’s, routine activity theory, a sub category of crime opportunity theory, emerged as a key theoretical approach within criminology. Marcus Felson and Lawrence Cohen first proposed this theory in their explanations of crime rate changes within the United States from 1947 till 1974, which concluded that crime was opportunistic rather than planned … Read more

Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design

‘CPTED’ is an acronym that stands for ‘Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design’. It is a method of crime prevention that is closely linked with environmental criminology which is the concept of environmental design and environmental management put together. “The nature of the built environment can affect the level of crime both by influencing potential offenders … Read more

Criminology, the Study of Crime and Criminals

Throughout this essay it will be discussed what criminology is, looking at different areas within a criminological explanation such as criminologists definition of what crime is, different types of crime, theories such as rational choice theory, behavioural theory and psychoanalytic theory. This will give examples as to what criminology is and why this is defined … Read more

To what extent does biology predetermine criminal activity?

In this assignment I will be discussing the above question, I will give an in-depth description of Cesare Lombroso and theorists alike, I will produce a paragraph explaining Biological Theories Today I will also do the following: Describe and analyze the underlying concepts and principles of key criminological perspectives. Identify and examine the contested nature … Read more