The importance of establishing incontrovertible facts is overestimated

In the process of knowledge acquisition, knowers often follow an overall framework that can be used to obtain incontrovertible facts. While it may seem that ambiguity in knowledge is undesirable, it is certainly ubiquitous. This begs the questions: why does ambiguity arise and, ultimately, how does it affect the quality of knowledge? Incontrovertible facts refer … Read more

Synthesis of Molecular trefoil Knots (31) by passive metal template RCM approach

Using the Alexander Briggs notation, the trefoil knot (31) is considered the simplest non-trivial knot and the most amenable to chemical synthesis. Many different synthetic approaches to prepare trefoil knots have been investigated. In particular, the passive metal template-directed methodology coupled with RCM has been successfully employed to mechanically restrict the relative positions of molecular … Read more

Modern management theory

Scientific Management theory is the theory that you need to give workers an incentive to work harder and to produce greater results by observing their work methods over a period and then show them better and more effective ways of working or completing a task. Patrick Windslow Taylor carried out a study on how his … Read more

Outline and evaluate learning theory as an explanation of attachment

The learning theory of attachment is a behaviourist explanation that suggests that attachment is developed through classical or operant conditioning. It is sometimes referred to as a cupboard love theory, as the infant attaches to the caregiver who provides the food. Classical conditioning is learnt through association and occurs when a response is produced naturally … Read more

Path-goal Theory Of Leadership

Leadership has been a mysterious and controversial topic of discussion. Researchers have tried to discover, what factors determine how a leader acts and what traits, abilities, behaviors, sources of power or aspects of the situation determine how well a leader is able to influence followers and accomplish group objectives. To demystify leadership many research findings … Read more

Relevant Theories On Sentimental Relationships Among Young People

As research has risen, it has turned out to be progressively evident that immature sentimental connections warrant substantially more consideration than they have generally been given. They assume a critical job in young people’s everyday lives, and significantly affect their current emotional well-being, their progressing improvement and future sentimental connections. The particular age at which … Read more

Research On The Concept And Aplications Of Attachment Theory

Basic Theoretical Premises of Theory Attachment theory explains the dynamics of long-term relationships, especially those between infants and their caregivers. The theory explains the response between two loved ones. Attachment in infants involves the closeness they seek for a caregiver when in trouble expecting that they will be protected from it. When a person’s attachment … Read more

Literary Analysis Draft

Growing up is not an easy task for many children especially girls because they are voiceless, forgotten, and dehumanized. Given many challenges faced by women, this essay discusses the challenges faced by the narrator in the short story; We came all the way from Cuba so you could dress like this which is written by … Read more

Marx’s Theory of Commodity Fetishism

There can be no doubt over the wide-ranging influence of Karl Marx’s theories on sociology and political thought. His concept of communism overcoming the socioeconomic pitfalls of capitalism has not been a theory that has seen the light of day in the way that he may have hypothesised. There have been many throughout history that … Read more

Why are theories important?

Dr. Barbara LoFrisco, a professor at the University of South Florida, once said, “If you understand why something is important, not only will you be more motivated to understand it, but you will also be able to put your new knowledge into proper context” (LoFrisco, 2013). Think of theories as a set of frameworks for … Read more

The principle of Falsifiability

The principle of Falsifiability with term ’Falsification’ is introduced by Popper which is a theory is disproved be empirical observations that contradict the implications of that theory. This theory came out to refute the logical positivism’s induction method. For example, a given statement ’ All sapphire is blue’ is considered true in general, however Popper … Read more

Classical Conditioning Theory Of Learning By Ivan Pavlov

Understanding human’s behavior have been always an attractive field that driven scientists to make uncounted researches throughout the history. John B. Watson the Father of American Behaviorist (1878-1958) was one of those scientists who studied this field. So he worked on “Learning theory” which interprets the individuals’ behavior through several sub-theories’ perspectives; was founded by, … Read more

Review On David McClelland’s Theory

In 1973, David McClelland published a paper titled “Testing for competence rather than intelligence”. In this paper, he founded a theory on competency and he demonstrated how it result in higher job performance. McClelland proved that behavioral traits and characteristics of an individual are more influential than aptitude tests in proving which individual would be … Read more

Evaluation Of Operant Conditioning Theory Of Learning By Burrhus Frederic Skinner

Operant conditioning is one of the theories of learning founded by a famous American psychologist Skinner, but the real founder of the theory is Edward Thorndike. Operant conditioning is a process that attempts to modify behaviour through rewards (reinforcement) or through consequences (punishment). Reinforcement Reinforcement defined as an increase in a good behaviour after the … Read more

Howard Gardner’s theory

Howard Gardner is an American developmental psychologist, he thinks that the conventional definitions of intelligence are too narrow. He admits that a general aspect of intelligence exists but does not believe it’s’ efficacy in explaining an individual’s performance in a particular situation. According to his view people have eight different abilities, also known as multiple … Read more

Comparative Analysis Of The Ideal Desire Fulfilment Theory And The Objective List Theory In Terms Of Well-Being

In this dissertation, I will proceed with the analysis of the ideal desire fulfilment theory and the objective list theory to conclude that the latter is more plausible as a theory of well-being. In the process of doing this, I will clarify the key theories, draw out the objections faced by both and determine if … Read more

Modern Organizational Theory vs. Improvisation

“Organization theory deals with the formal structure, internal working, and external environment of complex human behavior within organizations. As a field spanning several disciplines, it prescribes how work and workers out to be organized and attempts to explain the actual consequences of organizational behavior (including individual behavior) on work done and on the organization itself. … Read more

Orientalism Report Essay

Said describes Orientalism as, “… the generic term that I have been employing to describe the Western approach to the Orient; Orientalism is the discipline by which the Orient was (and is) approached systematically, as a topic of learning, discovery and practice”. By this, Said is saying because we treated the East like a school … Read more

Kantian Morality Essay

Kant’s theory of morality seems to function as the most feasible in determining one’s duty in a moral situation. The basis for his theory is perhaps the most noble of any– acting morally because doing so is morally right. His ideas, no matter how occasionally vague or overly rigid, work easily and efficiently in most … Read more

Not So Complex: Understanding the Oedipal and Electra Complex

Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory on human sexuality introduces the Oedipal and Electra complexes as a psychological approach in understanding the origins of sexual orientation. Most people disagree with his theory and throw out the concept of the Oedipal and Electra conflicts altogether. This is because many are misinformed about the subject or do not completely … Read more

Big Bang Theory

Fifteen billion years ago, give or take five billion years, the entirety of our universe was compressed into the confines of an atomic nucleus. Known as a singularity, this is the moment before creation when space and time did not exist. According to the prevailing cosmological models that explain our universe, an ineffable explosion, trillions … Read more

Theory of Holography

While working to improve the resolution of an electron microscope, a brilliant man named Dennis Gabor had developed a theory on Holography. This dates back to the year of 1947. Dennis Gabor is a British/Hungarian scientist who created the word Holography from Greek terms. He used the word holos, meaning whole, and gramma, meaning message. … Read more

Covenanted Governments Essay

The covenant is very dear to our modern world, being that many political philosophers that shaped our modern world based much of their theories on a covenanted government. When looking at the United States, the theory was considered important from the Mayflower Compact and on. The theory of “a covenanted people” is associated with Locke, … Read more

Marxism and Economic Theory

Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passage of time for human society. Systems have been developed to regulate, direct and control the resources of this society. The systems are referred to as governments and the resources as the populace or inhabitants and forces of production. … Read more

Battered Women’s Syndrome: A Survey of Contemporary Theories

In 1991, Governor William Weld modified parole regulations and permitted women to seek commutation if they could present evidence indicating they suffered from battered women’s syndrome. A short while later, the Governor, citing spousal abuse as his impetus, released seven women convicted of killing their husbands, and the Great and General Court of Massachusetts enacted … Read more

Once Upon A Psychological Theory

“Once upon a time.. “, perhaps one of the single most famous phrases, the key that opens the door to a world of fantasy, enchantment and entertainment, the world of fairy tales. Fairy tales can mean different things to different people, each finds a different type of sanctuary within the realm of the make belief. … Read more

The Utilitarianism Theory

The Utilitarian Theory is a much more structured theory than Egoism, but which one is better? Is it better to bring the most happiness to the most people, or is it better to maximize the happiness of the single individual? Well, in the perfect world you use both theories in conjunction, but if you must … Read more

The Johnson Behavioral System (JBS) Model

In this paper, I am going to summarize the Johnson Behavioral System (JBS) Model (Johnson, 1980, 1990), explain the perspectives for nursing practice, and explore its applicability in nursing practice. First, I am going to talk a little about Dorothy E. Johnson the nurse that wrote the Model. Dorothy E. Johnson was born August 21, … Read more

Emile Durkheim & Anomie or Strain Theory

Emile Durkheim is the founder of the study of anomie theory or strain theory that believes that anomie or strain causes a person to commit suicide or some other deviant act. This research paper will discuss several articles that deal with strain theory and with Durkheims theory of anomie. I will also discuss articles on … Read more

The “Nemesis Theory”

The “Nemesis Theory” was an outgrowth of the discovery of Alvarez et al. , that the impact of a large (10 km diameter) comet or asteroid was responsible for the great mass extinction that took place 65 million years ago. Studies of the fossil record by Dave Raup and Jack Sepkoski shows that this was … Read more

Aging: The Different Theories of How it Works

This report outlines the main theories of how the process of aging works. Since researchers have not discovered a universally-accepted theory of aging, the theories discussed are potential explanations of how we age. The likelihood of each hypothesis is considered roughly equal. The different theories discussed focus on the workings of different parts of the … Read more

The first theory, developed by Karl Marx

Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passage of time for human society. Systems have been developed to regulate, direct and control the resources of this society. The systems are referred to as governments and the resources as the populace or inhabitants and forces of production. … Read more

Analysis and Evaluation of Jean Watsons Theory of Caring

Since its establishment as a profession more than a century ago, Nursing has been a source for numerous debates related to its course, methods and development of nursing knowledge. Many nursing definitions and theories have evolved over time. Furthermore it is in a constant process of been redefined. The purpose of this paper is an … Read more