Rape Overview Essay

Rape, a horrible crime that scars thousands of females each year, it is such a traumatic experiences that it can leave physical and emotional scars for the rest of the victim’s life. “The Serial Rapist” that was written by Robert R Hazelwood, M. S. and Janet Warren, D. S. V. gives us a lot of valuable information to help us understand whom serial rapist, how they act, and how they choose their victims. Part 1 of The Serial Rapist the authors talk about the rapist’s characteristics and victims.

In order to gather information for this book the authors interviewed 41 serials rapist, “rapist who rape ten or more women” as a group these 41 men were responsible for 837 sexual assaults and more than 400 attempted rapes. Through these interviews members of the NCAVC and selected FBI agents were able to come up with a list of demographics that would be necessary in trying to find out who serial rapist are.

The first area of demographics discussed was age; the sample consisted of 35 white males, 5 black males, and one Hispanic, at the time of the interview ages ranged from 22 to 55 years old with the average age being 33. ears old. The estimated time of their first rape was 21. 8, middle rape 25. 8 and their last rape was 29 years old. The next area discussed was employment, 54% of the 37 responses claimed to have had a generally stable work history, 14%of the rapist claimed that their work history was unstable, and 3% claimed to be chronically unemployable. The type of employment positions held by the rapists might surprise you; they range from un- skilled positions to skilled positions and even white-collar businessmen.

The majority of the rapists were employed at the time they were committing the assaults. Now, we move to the topic of marital history. Twenty-nine of the 41 rapists had been married at least once. 34% of them had been married more than once. This shows that the presence of a consensual sexual relationship is not directly related to whether a person commits rape. Military history also came to play in these interviews. 51% of the rapists had served in the armed forces, twenty of them were veterans out of that twenty 10 received an honorable discharge.

The others received other then honorable discharge. Eight of the veterans were charged with a criminal offense while in the service. The serial rapist demonstrated an extraordinarily high level of general intelligence. Out of the 41 Rapist 4 scored below average, 12 average, 17 above average, nine scored “bright normal”, and 8 scored “very superior”. 61%of the 41 interviewed obtained a high school diploma or a GED, 22% held an associate or bachelors degree.

At the time the majority of the offenses were committed most respondents were living in single family dwellings, a small amount lived in the apartments a smaller amount of the rapists were institutionalized at the time of their offense. The majority of those interviewed were living with family, spouses, or children at the time the crime committed. This dispels the popular myth that rapists are lone and isolated people who stay to themselves and have little or no contact with the outside world.

The type of vehicles, which were driven at the time of the crime, may seem small to the average man, but it also helps us understand who serial rapists are. The majority of the assaults the rapists used their own vehicles. In seven of the rapes the offenders used the victims cars, while in six of the rapes a borrowed car was used. A Sedan or hard top vehicle was most popular followed by a pickup truck. Nine of the vehicles were equipped with police scanners, spotlight or police antenna. The FBI also considered the rapist personality valuable information.

The majorities were neat, well groomed, sense of humor, very friendly, and tried to dominate their relationships. They were considered leaders not followers; some were not comfortable with this role. Thirty-seven of the forty-one rapists had hobbies, it varied from outdoor activities to music, reading and collecting coins and stamps. In conclusion, the research of serial rapists leads us to believe that the majority of the men who commit these horrible crimes are just like you and me. Their life took a drastic turn somewhere and they ended up committing these hideous crimes, therefore landing themselves in prison.

Rape Culture Essay

Many of the attitudes, beliefs, and mistaken ideas about rape have been with us for centuries. By looking at myths, such as women ask for it, and it would do some women good to get raped, from a historical perspective, lead us for better understanding how they evolved. Women are still seen as the property of men, are protected as such. Men and women are still taught to occupy very different roles in todays world. Men are usually more aggressive, and women are seen as passive. (Vogelman) This socialization process is changing, but slowly.

Rape is non-consensual sexual intercourse that a male performs against a woman whom he is neither married to or cohabiting with. The definition of rape changes by geographic location. In some countries a woman must prove she is pure in order to find the perpetrator guilty. Rape used to be more of a violation to the man than to the women. It was a violation of the mans rights if his wife or girlfriend was raped. When a woman is raped her devotion to her family is questioned. Rape is a violent act, an act of possession, not a sexual act.

The myth that men who rape women are sexually pathological has begun to be dispelled and replaced with an understanding that rape is an act of anger, power and control rather than lust. When people think about rape, they usually think of a stranger with a knife hiding in the bushes. He waits for a woman to walk by and then attacks. But that is not the only kind of rape. The majority of victims are raped by individuals they know or acquaintances. This rape is known as acquaintance rape or date rape. Eighty percent of all rapes are, in fact, acquaintance rapes.

This kind of rape happens when a man and a woman go out on a date together. The man forces the woman to have sex with him when she does not want to. Also called simple rape, which differs from real rape, because real rape involves weapons, violence and attackers. This kind of rape is recognized as rape in courtrooms, where simple rape is dismissed as not real rape and it is more common that the offender will be found not guilty. Rape can happen to anyone. Women from different cultures, races, ages, and economic level are all vulnerable.

It does not matter who you are or where you live, although women of lowest status are most vulnerable to rape, and so are Hispanic and African American women. (Anderson 276). Most rape, and specifically most acquaintance rape, happens between the ages of fifteen and twenty-five. This is the time when young women are most likely to date and therefore are most vulnerable to date rape. Acquaintance rape is not limited to dating situations. It may be committed by friends of the family, employers, friends, and past boyfriends.

The potential causes of rape are varied and controversial. Among the factors that contribute to rape are: decreased status of women within a society, pervasive media exposure of sex, availability of pornographic materials, especially those involving acts of violence, inadequate information or misconceptions regarding sexual behaviors, and the prevalence of child sexual abuse. In early age boys are taught to be more aggressive than girls are. They are expected to enjoy playing sports, while girls are expected to play less aggressive sports.

Boys are taught that they should get anything their way, even if it means using violence. Boys are sometimes taught to have a lot of girlfriends, and not to get tied down by one girl when they are young. They are supposed to play the field. Some boys think it is important to date pretty girls and they receive more admiration from peers when they are dating a pretty girl. Girls are often taught that they should have a steady boyfriend, and to guard their reputations. One of the strangest things about date rape is that sometimes men commit date rape without knowing.

They believe in rape myths such as: some women provoke rape by their behavior and appearance, nice women dont get raped, and if a man spends a lot of money on a date he is allowed to use force to get sex. They think that a woman must want sex if she goes somewhere alone with a guy. They think that if a girl flirts with a guy, she must want sex. So, when a guy like this forces his date to have sex, he may not even know he is raping her. He might think they are practicing normal sex role expectations. One of the largest rape myth that is most widely believed is that rape is a sexual act.

People think that men commit rape because of their uncontrollable feelings of lust towards a woman. Not only to people think this but men use it as an excuse for their behavior. They are expected to entail limits to their behavior to control the man’s powerful sexual drives. (Vogelman) One factor of rape is misogyny. Misogyny is hatred and disgust of women, and wanting to hurt women. One man was asked in an interview, How does it make you feel toward women to see all these sexy women in media and advertising, using their looks to try and get you to buy something? The man answered with, It makes me hate them.

He went on to explain that men are supposed to be more powerful than women. This is a mans society; beautiful women in the media are using their power over men for money. Womens faces in playboy look like they want to have sex so bad but in reality they are doing it for the money. (Kimmel and Messner 388-399) This man also went on to saying that he could never hurt a women, but if other men who have a more violent personality have the same feelings, then it is safe to say that women being used as sex objects in the media is a factor of rape. Another aspect of dating that is related to date rape is alcohol.

Drinking plays a role in sexual aggression in a number of ways. First, some men use alcohol to reduce the resistance of a date who has not previously consented to sexual activity. Some men do this intentionally to trick the woman into agreeing to something that she would not agree to when sober. Most men give the role of alcohol no thought and simply offer alcohol to their dates as part of the normal dating ritual. The problem is that these men believe that a woman who contents to sex when intoxicated is giving her consent. Second, alcohol lowers inhibitions and often increases interest in sexual activity.

And because it lowers inhibitions, alcohol makes it more likely that the male will do something such as using force that he would not do when he had not been drinking. Alcohol is known as the number 1 date rape drug. The recovering after rape can be a very long process. Picking up the pieces of the victims life after an assault can be the most difficult challenge the victim can ever face. In a relatively short period of time their primary beliefs can be shattered, their sense of integrity, security, and basic justice can be destroyed, and they may question their most important, intimate relationships.

But in spite of all this, their lives will continue and it is up to them to put the pieces back together. Recovering from rape is more like being cut. To heal from a rape it is not the traditional sense of healing, such as breaking an arm. As you heal and time passes, the cut becomes less visible. Many victims of a rape face post traumatic stress disorder. After they are raped they can suffer from anxiety, depression, alienation, flashbacks, fear, and diminished self worth. Most women who have been raped report that they believed their lives were in danger during the assault.

The act of rape confirms a womans worst fear that when her life is in danger it is possible to be totally powerless to alter the course of events. The body and mind respond in a series of complicated ways based on the persons feeling of intense fear, helplessness, loss of control, and threat. Sexual intimacy can be difficult challenge during this phase. An assault can very easily destroy the desire to be emotionally or physically close with another person, and the relationship does not have to be sexual for the victim to feel uncomfortable.

It is important for the victims to give themselves time to become more comfortable with sexual intimacy. They may feel comfortable a week after the assault, or they may be uncomfortable a year later. Women can become frightened of men and afraid of having relationship with them and men can become worried for the women in their lives. This leads to the untrusting relationships. Those who have been raped and their families suffer from emotional trauma that may interfere with their lives for years.

And those who rape think their actions are acceptable It is very important that we are invulnerable to rape. Rape can happen to anyone at any time. Rape prevention strategies help to decrease the risk, but the risk never drops to zero percent. In our society of rape myths, gender ideology, and exposure of sex in the media, especially in advertising, and especially when it involves violence, rape will be in our culture for a long time. Our culture promotes this brand of sexuality and we turn our cheeks to rape and any negative form of sex.

Rape – How Can We Change

Although the country has seen crime rates plummet in recent years, rape continues to be a major concern in America. According to Annette Fuentes’ article, “Crime Rates Are Down… But What About Rape? ” in Ms. magazine, “an estimated fifteen percent of women are raped or molested at some point in their lives” (22). While big cities such as Boston, Dallas, Detroit, Houston, Los Angeles, and New York have seen the rates of violent crimes such as murder, robbery, and aggravated assault plummet, rape has not been so fortunate.

In most of these cities, reported cases of rape have declined by only a few percentage points, whereas in some of these cities, reported cases of rape have actually increased. Rape is an epidemic that is slowly plaguing our entire nation, and unless some drastic action is taken immediately, this epidemic may never be cured. If we are truly interested in having our nation cleansed of this disease, we must begin by removing from our minds the notion that rape occurs only among the poor.

When asked to comment on the brutality of rape, Roger Crafts, the Dean of “Student Affairs” at Brandeis University said: “I do not think that we have a significant problem here because we have a sophisticated and intelligent group of students” (Sweet 93). Dean Crafts went on to mention that “vandalism and physical harm are more likely to occur with lower educational levels” (93). Mr. Crafts’ feelings on the subject of rape concur with those of “middle class America. ” Most of us feel that rape occurs only in the lower socioeconomic classes of America and not amongst those with higher educational backgrounds.

Contrary to most of our beliefs, rape exists in the upper and middle classes as well, but in most cases goes unreported due to a various number of reasons. Fortunately, in recent years, the occurrences of violent rapes (those that are committed by unidentified men who forcibly attack women and then proceed to rape them) are slowly decreasing. Unfortunately, “date rapes,” which were virtually unknown a generation ago, have now become commonplace. Unlike, violent rapes, a date rape is committed by someone who is known to the victim.

In these types of situations, the rapist can sometimes be even the victim’s best friend. A “date rape” can leave emotional scars much deeper than those that are left from a violent rape because the prior is committed by someone whom the victim has an attachment to. Because of this, many times the victim goes into denial and refuses to accept the fact that she has been raped. In her essay “Date Rape,” Ellen Sweet talks about a Stanford student named Gretchen and describes her experiences after she had been “date raped” by a man whom she had known for five years prior to being raped by him.

I considered him my best friend,’ she says on a Stanford University videotape used in discussions of the problem. ‘I couldn’t believe it, I couldn’t believe it was actually happening to me’” (89). Gretchen’s experiences and her disbelief are not uncommon. Many victims of “date rape” often go through a phase of denial in which they feel that someone that they know could not possibly have raped them. Other victims blame themselves for the rape. Many times, the victims feel as if it was they, who somehow through their actions brought on intercourse and because of this miscommunication, it was in someway their fault.

Because of these two reasons, many times a woman is not even aware that she has been raped. In one study, psychology professor Mary P. Koss of Kent State University was shocked when she learned that 1 in 8 female students at the university were victims of some form of rape, while 1 in 4 students claimed to be victims of attempted rape. Contrary to Mr. Krafts’ theory that rapes occur only in the lower educational levels, Professor Koss’ study shows that unfortunately, rape is not uncommon amongst people with higher educational backgrounds.

Date rape has now become a commonplace in universities throughout America. Many universities refuse to accept this problem and take action upon it because doing so can possibly tarnish their reputations. It is exactly this denial that is allowing the problem of “date rape” to grow. Because many students know that they will not be punished for their actions, they continue to find victims and “date rape” them. To solve this growing problem, universities must begin to accept the fact that “date rape” is growing and must introduce programs to solve this disease.

Unlike most universities, local, state and federal governments are beginning to accept the fact that date rapes are no longer a rarity. Defendants who are charged with rape in situations in which they have known a woman prior to having intercourse with them are now being found guilty whereas in years past, they would not be punished. Ellen Goodman gives an excellent example of the changing mentality towards rape in her essay, “When A Women Says No” in which she describes a case where a woman was raped by four men.

The trial testimony showed that the woman had previously had sex with three of those four men. However, the jury still found the four men guilty of rape. They felt that “Sexual consent between a man and a woman on one occasion does not mean the man has access to her whenever it strikes his fancy” (99). Although these types of trials do not always end with the same verdict, a few years ago, women would not have even pressed charges. The fact that these types of cases are even being brought to trial, shows how important the issue of “date rape” has become.

As we enter the new millennium, it crucial that the views of the upper and middle classes of America change on the subject of rape. Americans as a whole need to admit that rape is an issue which is affecting the whole country, not just the lower class. People like Roger Crafts need to acknowledge that rape exists even in institutions with the highest educational standards. Without acknowledging the problem that rape has become, there is no room to improve.

The only way that America can truly eradicate this dilemma which is slowly taking over our country is by creating better awareness. We need to admit that rape is a psychological disease and our society needs to find a way to help those with this disease. Nobody— not even your worst enemy should be subjected to the experience of a rape. There is no crime more emotionally painful to the victim than rape because the man who rapes a women takes away all of her pride, self respect, and dignity and throws her into a life of living hell.

Child Abuse and Lolita – The Movie

Imagine for one moment that you are not yourself any longer. Visualize instead that you are a young girl; old enough to know right from wrong yet still young enough to be terrified by the dark shadows in your room. It is a cool autumn night and your parents have opted to attend a party, which you are not allowed at. It will be fine, they say. Although you already know what is to come.

Your uncle comes over to watch you for the evening, and your parents are so pleased by the fact that they do not have to find a sitter. As soon as he arrives, your mother kisses you on the cheek and scurries out the door to join your father already waiting in the car outside. The nightmare begins. You can feel his eyes worming through your clothes every time that he looks at you. You feel dirty and violated every time you think about what he does to you when you are alone. He walks over to the couch and sits down next to you. His hand slithers it way onto your knee and you cringe in repulsion.

Don’t be afraid, I won’t hurt you, he says. Your mind feels panicky as you fell his touch
in more intimate places and you scream involuntarily. His grip tightens as he places his hand over your mouth. We’ll have to do this the hard way! he whispers intensely. You try to fight him off, but it doesn’t help. His massive body is on top of yours, and you feel so powerless. Eventually, you sink into a sobbing heap and simply wait for his passions to stop. You wait for the nightmare to end. When he is done, you limp to the laundry room and try to remove the bloodstains from your clothes. It is all your fault…

What you have just experienced is one type of abuse that occurs millions of times every year across America. Estimates of abuse range wildly depending on the source of ones information. Anywhere from one to two million children per year are victims of child abuse (Dolan). All sources agree on the simple truth that not nearly all cases of child abuse are reported or even estimated. Man cases go unreported, less than 50% by current estimates (Dolan). The amount of child abuse is staggering to think about, let alone deal with. By the age of eighteen one in three girls will have been sexually molested and one in six boys will have been molested in that same time frame. So how has child abuse changed over the last 100 years and what effects has this had on the family?

It is clear that families are undergoing a number of important structural changes. Families are smaller than in the past, with fewer children and sometimes with only one parent; parents have children at a later age; more couples live together without the bonds of matrimony, which was accepted as a sacred bond. This degradation of society is unknown throughout all areas of research. It is a question that one person needs to answer for himself and solve for himself. Something a young child is not capable of doing.

Sexual abuse of children is a grim fact of life in our society. It is more common than most people realize. Sexual abuse is described as those activities by an older person for his or her sexual gratification without consideration for the child’s psychosocial sexual development. Also, as contacts or interactions between a child and an individual of higher power when the child is being used for the sexual stimulation of that adult or another (Ruth). There are many categories of sexual abuse; these include incest, pedophilia, exhibitionism, molestation, sex (statutory rape), sexual sadism, and child pornography. It is estimated that approximately three hundred thousand children are involved in child prostitution and pornography (Kempe ).

Many times men or woman who abuse children were abused when they were young. In this way, abuse is very much a self fulfilling prophecy, or circle problem. Historically, sexual abuse was not as much of a problem as it is in modern times. Incidences of sexual abuse are highest in urbanized technologically advanced societies. This is evident because the basic need of the sexual drive is denied a constructive outlet in modern society. In other cultures and times, prostitution was a valid form of employment, and this niche provided an integral outlet for connoisseurs of sex.

Without this vent men with sexual frustration may turn to the less reactive child as sexual prey. Due to the black market prostitution of children, a twelve-year-old boy can earn upwards of a thousand dollars per day selling himself on the streets of Los Angeles. Sexual abuse can have severe consequences on the mental development of children.

The movie Lolita has been controversial in all its incarnation. The original movie caused a storm with its portrayal of a middle-aged man Humbert Humbert. He is so obsessed with a pre-teen nymphet that he marries her irritating mother just to be near Lolita. In many ways Humbert is also a classic pedophile, because he persuades himself that this is not a perverse desire but love. He tells us that he is this way because of the tragic death of his first love at 13. He has sought her ever since. So he is not an exploiter of a young girl but a respectful worship at a shrine (O’Brien). Quilty, by contrast, is portrayed as a monstrous pedophile.

In conclusion, we have gone over the most important points and facts about child sexual abuse and what their affects are on children. We have tried to shed some light on this unspoken and shunned subject. The answer to the question which was posed at the beginning of this paper is vague at best and unanswerable at worst. Child abuse has always been around, and it always will be around as long as other people care more about themselves, than about others. The last hundred years have only brought about changes in the discussion, description, and definition of child abuse. These things have helped do away with child abuse significantly, but the eradication of this most cursed of diseases is not in the sight of those who look to the future.

The Causes And Reasons For Rape

This paper will focus on the social and cultural conditions that intensify or perpetuate rape. The causes and reasons for rape are deeply entrenched in our social structure. We can explore some of the motivations and circumstances which lead men to rape. We have learned that some men rape out of anger and a need to overpower, dominate, and humiliate. We can also look at some of the historical attitudes from which today’s beliefs and stereotypes have evolved. However, we must look beyond both rapists’ motivations and history if we are to truly understand the act of rape.

Why does rape exist and what causes it? What is it about our society that makes rape one of the fastest growing violent crimes in this country? One way we have tried to deal with this problem is through rape prevention. These techniques are very important in decreasing the vulnerability of individuals, but in order to eliminate the occurrence of rape from our society, we must first examine its causes more deeply so that we can take collective action. We must understand the sociology of rape in order to effectively work towards the elimination of it.

Despite the necessity for rape prevention, it must focus on eliminating he conditions in society which make women easy targets for rape. Victim control teaches women to avoid rape, but doesn’t reduce the threat of rape. Furthermore, rape cannot always be avoided, no matter what precautions the woman takes. It also puts part of the responsibility and blame for rape on the victim. Rapist control confuses prosecutions with prevention. There is little evidence that punishment serves as a deterrent. Besides, very few rapist are ever incarcerated.

From very early ages, men and women are conditioned to accept different roles. Women are raised to be passive and men are raised to be aggressive. We are conditioned to accept certain attitudes, values and behaviors. Our conditioning is continuously and relentlessly encouraged and reinforced by the popular media, cultural attitudes and the educational system. The media is a major contributor to gender-based attitudes and values. The media provides women with a complete list of behaviors that precipitate rape.

Social training about what is proper, as well as what is powerful and macho, teaches women to be victims and men to be aggressors. The high incidence of rape in this country is a result of the power imbalance between men and women. Women are expected to assume a subordinate relationship to men. Consequently, rape can be seen as a logical extension of the typical interactions between women and men. Women’s vulnerability to rape is a result of this subordinate relationship. There are a number of sexist dictates that serve to maintain this subordinate relationship one of which is: Rape as a means of control over women.

Rape plays a role in maintaining patriarchy by perpetrating the threat of violence. The acts of just a few violent men can terrorize all women and can control women’s lives. The indifference of other men reinforces this effect. A strategy for eliminating women’s vulnerability to rape involves altering the power relationship between women and men. Women’s vulnerability will not end with individual change alone; there have to be social change as well. Society trains females to be physically and emotionally unequipped to respond effectively to danger.

Training begins at an early age. Boys and girls are channeled into different physical activities, because of the believed differences in physical and muscular development and stamina. Consequently, as adults, females are unable to gauge both their own bodies’ resistance to injury, nd their own strength and power. Learning self-defense in schools and on the job would be a step towards alleviating women’s vulnerability, as would providing girls and women with equal opportunities and encouragement to engage in sports.

I was glad to hear that MIT set up a self-defense class for women. How many women will actually take the time to take it, who knows? We havent been taught that we need to be aggressive and protect our own bodies. The emotional training women receive also contributes to their inability to successfully fight back. Women learn to be passive, nurturing, accepting and compliant. Most rapists select victims they can intimidate and overpower. Most women are reluctant to challenge men’s offensive behavior because of their emotional training and conditioning.

Frequently, women psychologically distance themselves from the issue of rape and from each other by adopting the attitude that, “It can’t happen to me,” or, “Only immoral women are raped. ” Because there are many factors which enforce the belief that “a woman’s place is in the home, women tend to be displaced from the mainstream of community action and decision making. One of the most important societal changes deals with how our justice ystem deals with rape. In other words, when a woman is raped, it is not uncommon that some of the blame and responsibility for the rape is put on her.

This is probably one reason for the incredibly low conviction rate of rapists. Our criminal justice system reflects the prevailing societal attitude that women are partially responsible for rape. Consequently, juries rarely find a man charged with rape as guilty. Rape must be viewed as a political issue, not just another crime or mental health problem. It must be seen as an issue which affects all women. Rape is not just a women’s problem–it is a community problem.