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John C. Calhoun: Civil Rights Activist Essay

John C. Calhoun was born in Abbeville, South Carolina on March 18th, 1782 and he supported his family whenever his father was ill when he was still a child. In 1807, John became a lawyer and was soon elected to congress in 1810 where he was openly a “war hawk” or someone who wanted to go to war with Great Britain for independence, and in 1812 he got his wish when the war of 1812 began. During the war, he raised troops so that he could support congress which made him a nationalist and he fought for a stronger national government.

Calhoun resided in Clemson, North Carolina in his home which is called Fort Hill hich is his death place and only about fifty miles away from his birthplace. He held many different offices and the fell in the order of South Carolinas sixth division representative from 1811 to 1817, then he became the United States Secretary of war from 1817 to 1825, and then becoming the vice president from 1825 to 1832, after that he became the senator for South Carolina from 1832 to 1843, then the secretary of state for a year and back to a South Carolina Senator until 1850 when he died on March 31.

Calhoun believed in his country but he also believed in his home state’s view of slavery, and that meant he upported slavery but he also believed in state’s rights including the nullification idea, which stated that if a state believed a law was unconstitutional then they did not have to abide by it.

John Calhoun enacted what was called by many the “Tariff of Abomination” because the people believed it was unnecessary and it mainly enraged the southerners who largely consumed manufactured goods but did not produce them because the tariff raised prices of manufactured goods. Henry Clay was born in Hanover County, Virginia on April 12th, 1777 to a preacher and farmer who he helped but he aspired or more than the farm life and went to become a statesman.

At age 29 he became a senator of Virginia which was his first taste of politics. Henry Clay was a very strong “War Hawk” because he didn’t like the impressment of the seamen and he saw it as a chance for complete independence from Great Britain. When Clay was accepted into the bar he moved to Washington, DC but that’s not where he decided to spend the rest of his days, instead he moved back to Lexington, Kentucky and he lived in his home which is called Ashland and it is about seven hours away from his birthplace.

Henry Clay held six offices which all ell in the order of a Kentucky senator from 1806 to 1807, then he became a Kentucky senator again from 1810 to 1811, he became Kentucky’s third district representative from 1823 to 1825, from there he became United States Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829, then he went back to being the senator for Kentucky two more times, once from 1831 to 1842 and again from 1849 until his death in 1852, and he died of an unknown cause when he was in Washington, D. C. Clay believed in state’s rights and nullification because he believed that states should have a say about their own laws.

Henry Clay passed a much- eeded act called the Missouri compromise which admitted Missouri into the U. S. as a slave state and Maine as a free state. He also passed the fugitive slave law which said all fugitive slaves that ran away from their plantations and owners were to be returned to slavery from the North. Robert Young Hayne was born in Colleton district, South Carolina on November 10th, 1971, as the son of a planter and he received a private education at Langdon Cheves in Charleston, South Carolina on the subject of law. In 1812, Hayne was admitted to the bar and he was a Captain in the Third South

Carolina Regiment, and he later served as the Quartermaster General of the state militia during the war of 1812. Robert Hayne resided in his home he built in Asheville, NC which is where he died on September 24, 1839. Hayne became the 16th speaker of the South Carolina House of Representatives from November to December in the year of 1818, he only stayed for one month because he became the 5th Attorney General of South Carolina and he stayed from 1818 to 1822, he then became the United States Senator from South Carolina from 1823 to 1832, during the same time he became Chairman of the

Senate Committee on Naval Affairs from 1825 to 1832, then from 1832 to 1834 Hayne became the 54th Governor of South Carolina, after a few years he became the 32nd intendant of Charleston, South Carolina from 1836 to 1837, and he died only a couple of years later to an abrupt fever at the age of 47. Robert Hayne supported the idea of State’s Rights and he had a very heated debate with Daniel Webster in 1830 about it, and in the debate Hayne had a very brilliant exposition of the State’s Rights interpretation which is where Daniel Webster’s challenge came into play.

Robert Hayne did do many things and one of hose things included his Foot Resolution which covered all the issues of political and economic differences between the North and the South and he also attracted national attention when he opposed a resolution to the prices of western land. Andrew Jackson was born in Waxhaw, South Carolina on March 15th, 1767, but his father died before his birth and left him with only two brothers and his mother but his oldest brother, Hugh, died later of heatstroke and his middle brother, Robert, and him were both captured in war and both contracted smallpox which killed Robert.

Andrew was a war veteran at eart and he did love his country so he fought for it with all his might, even going to Spanish Florida on vague commands and conquering the Spaniards to where they gave the United States Florida. Andrew Jackson finally resided in Nashville, Tennessee in what is known as The Hermitage and it is very far away from where he was born.

Andrew Jackson was a very brave man and he had the liberty to be in five different political offices which include being a Representative of Tennessee from 1796 to 1797, and then he became the Senator from Tennessee from 1797 to1798, and then he resigned for many years until 1821 he ecame the governor of Florida but he didn’t stay for long, in fact he left Florida that same year and went back to Tennessee to become the senator in 1823 until 1825 and he then became the seventh president of the United States of America where he served for two terms from the years 1829 to the year 1837.

Andrew Jackson supported the state’s rights movement but he didn’t like the idea of nullification he believed that some rules were strict and that some states did not want them but he knew they would need them so he did not support nullification. Jackson passed few laws but they were the self-explanatory Indian removal act, the nullification proclamation, which made it illegal for states to nullify federal laws.

Daniel Webster was born in Salisbury, New Hampshire on January the 18th, 1782 as the son of a sturdy frontiersman who worked very hard to give him and his brother a proper education at the Phillips Exeter Academy and then he went to Dartmouth College where he graduated in 1801. Daniel Webster was a member of the Rogers’ Rangers in the Seven Years’ War, he served in the War of Independence, he was a member of the New Hampshire legislature for several years, and was a justice of the court of common pleas for his county.

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