James Madison: Father of the Constitution

James Madison Jr. (March 16 [O.S. March 5], 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817. He is hailed as the “Father of the Constitution” for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights. Born into a prominent Virginia planting family, Madison served as … Read more

Martial Law Under Field Marshal Ayub Khan [1958-62]

Martial Law Under Field Marshal Ayub Khan [1958-62] On October 7, 1958, President Iskander Mirza abrogated the Constitution and declared Martial Law in the country. This was the first of many military regimes to mar Pakistan’s history. With this step, the Constitution of 1956 was abrogated, ministers were dismissed, Central and Provincial Assemblies were dissolved … Read more

The Constitution’s Checks and Balances

The Constitution works because of the balance between the three branches of the government, and the amendments that can change the Constitution. The three branches of the constitution are the Legislative, Judicial, and Executive branches. These branches are kept equal to power by checks and balances. As a matter of fact, checks and balances are … Read more

An "Unwritten Constitution"

Sovereign states all over the world are governed by a constitution, which underpins the laws of the country. Most countries have a written constitution such as USA, Canada and France while the UK, Israel and New Zealand distinctly possess an unwritten constitution. A written constitution is characterized by a complete codification of all the constitutional … Read more

An "Unwritten Constitution"

Sovereign states all over the world are governed by a constitution, which underpins the laws of the country. Most countries have a written constitution such as USA, Canada and France while the UK, Israel and New Zealand distinctly possess an unwritten constitution. A written constitution is characterized by a complete codification of all the constitutional … Read more

The Texas Constitution Changes

The Texas Constitution has been through many changes. Because, throughout its history, has learned from its mistakes. One significant constitutional change has been the Post-Civil War Constitution of 1866. This, yet being another document, signifies that Texas would rejoin into the Union, abolish slavery, and declared secession illegal. Although those were the most important changes … Read more

The Articles Of Confederation

The Articles of Confederation was the first constitution of the United States of America. The Articles of Confederation were first drafted by the Continental Congress in Philadelphia Pennsylvania in 1777. This first draft was prepared by a man named John Dickinson in 1776. The Articles were then ratified in 1781. The cause for the changes … Read more