StudyBoss » Developmental Psychology » Direct Observation

Direct Observation

This video displayed how direct instruction is used in learning tasks like reading, pronunciation, and spelling. When the teacher asked the students to perform a task they could only participate when the teacher tapped on the desk. Students are only allowed to express what they know only when they are instructed to. When the students performed the task correctly, they were rewarded a point on the board. When they performed out of direct instruction, they earned a negative point.

The teachers felt that this was an efficient approach to learning because the students are only allowed to say the right response. . What did you like and not like about the instruction shown in the video? Why? -Overall, I did not like the method being used because it does not allow the student to be their own individual. I saw it as a military style method because they can only participate when demanded to. The tapping on the desk dehumanized the students as if they were animals because they can only respond to the teacher’s demand. I can see this as a classical conditioning method that doesn’t indicate that the students are learning anything. They are only learning that they can speak when the teacher asks them to.

Even the tone of the students came off as an uneasy feeling. They weren’t enthusiastic when responding, simply because of the routine. Learning and explaining what you know should be a positive presentation, not an organized response. Video 2: Sudbury Valley School Approach https://www. youtube. com/watch? v=NxPnvJE0V2E&feature=youtu. be 1. Provide a summary for the video (minimum 100 words). This video was about Sudbury school and the children that attend. This school is solely for the student’s interests. They are allowed to do whatever they want to do.

There is no set curriculum, and it shows that the children display more energy and focus into their hobbies. From playing video games, basketball, art, and climbing rocks these children all enjoy their activities. The motive for this school is that children are more interested in doing what they want to do, and this creates a more positive attitude in their lives. In the video you can see the optimism while they are engaging in the specific hobby. 2. What did you like and not like about the way children are learning shown in the video? Why? I liked that the students have more power in what they want to engage in.

It promotes a higher self esteem and fulfillment in their overall attitudes. The environment was also a peaceful place, but the students’ attitudes and interactions with one another solidified that peace. Yet, it is important for children to engage in the activities they want, but I also feel that they can be limited in actual knowledge. I feel that this school promotes a more self fulfillment setting as opposed to gaining knowledge on normal school concepts. This place is great for for letting imagination run wild, but also puts a limit on realistic knowledge of education.

Video 3: Reggio Emilia Approach http://youtu. be/XVv5ZL9nlgs 1. Provide a summary for the video (minimum 100 words). This video was about how an area in Italy structures its day care for cognitive development. This day care strictly lets the children develop their own ideas and explanations for the word they view around them. There is no right or wrong in what the children create because it allows them to be proud of what they have created. It is important to let the children express themselves because they develop positive insight when solving problems.

They also display the children’s activities, explanations, and daily routines with pictures on the wall. This allows for visitors to have an insight on how the children process ideas and information. 2. What did you like and not like about the way children are learning shown in the video? Why? I liked that there was no “right or wrong” method for what the children were creating. Letting the child express their thoughts as to their own unique perception is important because it allows them to be confident when trying to solve problems.

As a child, being wrong can install fear into the child, and discourage them from wanting to take on new challenges. Especially at the ages of 3, 4, and 5 feeding positivity to the children allows them to be brave and want to try new things. Video 4: Waldorf Approach http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=tZmAX5adCl0 1. Provide a summary for the video (minimum 100 words). This video was about a school called Waldorf. This school was focused on an artistic method to learning. This method was designed for the children to see the beauty in what they are learning without forcing them to take it for what it is.

It allowed the children to engage in the material on their own will. They created their own books based on their own work by inserting drawings, colors, and decorations. This method was so the children can learn the material better because they put all their effort into designing it, so its hard to forget the material because they have certain drawings or decorations associated. 2. What did you like and not like about the way children are learning shown in the video? Why? I liked the methods used in this video because the children are creating their own tactics for remembering concepts.

When one of the girls was flipping through her pages she was able to identify and said , “that’s when I learned math”. I feel this method is useful because they are intrigued to learn the material as opposed to the material being forced on them. They took concepts and had an interest to learning them. Video 5: Montessori Approach http://www. youtube. com/watch? v=f2cb0ajbOjk&feature=related 1. Provide a summary for the video (minimum 100 words). This video was about the methods used at Montessori school. Their methods are child centered, and let the child work at their own pace.

They feel that learning at a young age should be based on a sensorial and phonetic approach. That children learn best when they engaging in complex methods physically. They are also taught responsibility by putting away any of the items they used. This allows the students to provide a social courtesy for their environment, as well as others. They learn math and reading by physically interacting with tools and toys instead of text books, or a teacher speaking to them. The children also work individually to eliminate any pressure of keeping up with other students, and to be independent thinkers.

2. What did you like and not like about the way children are learning shown in the video? Why? I liked the methods used in the video because they work individually, and at their own pace. I feel it is important for children to be physically interactive with learning concepts such as math and reading because their sensory processing is much more powerful someone explaining it to them. Children learn best through vicarious experiences. Lastly, write about what you have learned overall from these videos in a paragraph. After watching these videos, I learned that children learn best when they are not limited to what they can and cannot do.

After watching the first video of the direct instruction approach compared to the other approaches, you can get a sense solely off the impression of how the children were interacting and responding. Children display more willingness and focus when they are allowed to do what they want and on their own leisure. It is important for children to discover and explore their own interests because it helps their learning experiences be of more value to them. A child should be allowed to express their thoughts and ideas because as teachers, we can have insight to what works best for them.

Without allowing the child to express themselves, we are restricting their confidence to want to take on new challenges. Letting the child learn at their own pace decreases the pressure of the child’s urgency to learn. When they know that they are in control of their own education, they are willing to progress further whenever they finally accomplish the task. Learning should not be based on time constraints because that diminishes the child from wanting to see the actual beauty and concepts of what they are learning. Thus, children learn best when they are willing to see the big picture and are learning in their own enjoyment.

Cite This Work

To export a reference to this article please select a referencing style below:

Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.
Reference Copied to Clipboard.