Oyster Mushroom – Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus ostreatus which is known as the oyster mushroom, the pearl oyster or the grey oyster mushroom is a very common edible mushroom. It was first cultivated in Germany as a survival measure during World War I and is grown commercially around the world. It is related to the likewise cultivated king oyster mushroom. The … Read more

Mitosis vs. meiosis: A look at the similarities and differences

Mitosis and Meiosis Compare/Contrast Mitosis and Meiosis are two different types of cell division in humans and other animals. They have many similarities and a few important differences such as what their goal is and slight differences in the results after dividing. To explain Mitosis and Meiosis basically Mitosis is the process of a cell … Read more

Anton van Leeuwenhoek – The Father of Microbiology

Anton van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch scientist who was born on October 24, 1632, in, what was at the time, the Dutch Republic. Anton van Leeuwenhoek was proclaimed “The Father of Microbiology” by the scientific world for his numerous contributions to science throughout his lifetime. He made discoveries about bacteria, spermatozoa, single-celled life forms, the … Read more

The Importance Of Flexibility In Sport

First, what exactly is flexibility? When you hear the word flexibility, you probably think of a contortionist or gymnast, but the technical definition is being able to move your joints through their whole range of motion. However, while many sports require great flexibility at the highest levels, you might think that flexibility doesn’t apply to … Read more

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA )

ASSIGNMENT TOPIC – ELISA ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is the test has evolved from other types of immunoassays in the early 1970s and is now one of the most advanced widely clinical, translational, used laboratory technique in as well as clinical medicine. This assay is also used for detecting and quantifying substances such as peptides, … Read more

Cultivation Practices Of Carrots

Cultivation practices of carrots Carrot is a semi-hardy crop which is cultivated all over the world. It is the common name used in Zambia for Daucus carota. Since it is a semi-hardy crop, carrot require cool weather for it to perform well. Carrot need long days and vernalization of roots. Despite carrot being able to … Read more

Briefly explaining the differences between negative feedback, positive feedback and feed-forward in physiological system with suitable examples

A feedback loop is a biological occurrence wherein the output of a system amplifies the system (positive feedback) or inhibits the system (negative feedback). Living organisms are able to maintain homeostasis through these feedback loops. This is the mechanism that enables us to keep our internal environment relatively constant. Examples of negative feedback include maintaining … Read more

The Abiotic and Biotic processes

Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. It would be impossible to overestimate the importance of photosynthesis in the maintenance of … Read more

Bowlby’s Theory

Bowlby’s theory is an evolutionary theory because he believes attachment is a behavioural system that has evolved because of its survival and reproductive value. Caregiving is adaptive because species have adapted over many years to enhance survival of the offspring so they can later reproduce. Bowlby’s theory is made up of many different ideas. According … Read more

Cell Membrane: The process of protein synthesis

The cell membrane The cell membrane is a thin semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. Its function is to act a barrier that separate’s a cell from its surrounding environment which protects the integrity by allowing certain substances into the cell, while keeping other substances out. Also, the cell membrane helps to … Read more

Babel-Fish Earbud Translators

Abstract This paper explores published articles from online resources (internet) that depict a probable solution to near real-time language translation in support of targeting, situational understanding, and/or information collection. As technology shrinks the distance between nationalities and cultures, language remains a barrier that still prevents a shared understanding between the pair. This paper will examine … Read more

Types of Seed Dispersal and Its Importance

In order for new plants to grow, seeds need to be distributed to different areas away from the parent plants. A disadvantage of plants compared to animals is that plants cannot physically get up and move themselves to different places. Seed dispersal is a very important part of nature and how plants coexist with other … Read more

The Biography of Andreas Vesalius

Andreas Vesalius was born on December 31, 1514, in Brussels, Belgium, to Anders van Wesel, and his wife, Isabel Crabbe. His father was court apothecary to Charles V of Spain.In 1528, he got enrolled at the University of Leuven taking arts, but later decided to pursue a career in the military. In 1533, he got … Read more

Analysis Of Human Resources Management At Zappos: Training And Development

Zappos is an online shoe retailer with a focus on fast delivery, great quality and providing the customers with the best possible value. Zappos focuses on customer service, but this also means that they care a lot about their own employees. Their hiring assessment isn’t based on the educational background, but whether are you a … Read more

 “Feasibility Of Saluyot Corchorus Olitorius Leaves Extract As Antibacterial Dishwashing Liquid”

People living in developing countries depends primarily on traditional plants as a source for treating diseases by killing microorganisms such as E. coli and Salmonella that causes diseases and illness in the body. One of such common plant available in developing countries like Philippines is Corchorus olitorius also known as Jute or Saluyot. C. olitorius … Read more

Mitosis and Meiosis

Mitosis and Meiosis Mitosis and meiosis are both forms of cell division, however, their processes are not identical. Mitosis happens in somatic cells (cells that are not gametes), and it produces two genetically identical daughter cells. Mitosis happens to replace dead or damaged cells or during growth. Mitosis consists of 4 phases: prophase, metaphase, anaphase, … Read more

The theories on human development

In the history of psychology, there have been many different fields of interest. Human development, especially, has been one of the interesting fields of study for many psychologists. Freud, Erikson, and Piaget are all great theorists with similar, but different, ideas of human development. Their theories on human development had human beings passing through different … Read more

Is genetic engineering ethical

Genetic Engineering is a powerful and potentially very dangerous too. To change the sequence of nucleotides of the DNA that code for the structure of a complex living organism, can have extremely ill effects although the potential benefit can be huge. Genetic Engineering is a technology that has been introduced to change the DNA of … Read more

Causes And Care For Bad Breath

“ Bad breath is caused by odor-producing bacteria that grow in the mouth. When you don’t brush and floss regularly, bacteria accumulate on the bits of food left in your mouth and between your teeth. The sulfur compounds released by these bacteria make your breath smell. Bad breath, or halitosis, can be a major problem, … Read more

What are Sensory Modalities?

Sensory Modalities A sensory modality is a way of sensing, like vision or hearing. Modality in someone’s voice gives a sense of the person’s mood. In logic, modality has to do with whether a proposition is necessary, possible, or impossible. In general, amodality is a particular way in which something exists. Stimulus modality, also called … Read more

Hermann Grid’s Review

Ludimar Hermann first observed the Hermann Grid and characterized it by “ghostlike grey blobs perceived at the intersections of a white grid on a black background”, (Spillmann & Levine, 1971). Baumgartner believed that the effect is due to inhibitory processes in the retinal ganglion cells, the neurons that transmit signals from the eye to the … Read more

Photosynthesis and Cellular Respiration

Plants use two processes to make food for themselves. They are photosynthesis and cellular respiration. One is used during day and one is used during night. Calvin’s explanation of when plants use these processes is that photosynthesis occurs when it is light, and cellular respiration occurs when it is dark. I agree with this because … Read more

Review on the protein structure

Proteins are chains of amino acids that fold into three-dimensional shapes. The shape of the protein is very important to its function and the three-dimensional structure is specified by an amino acid sequence. Protein structure has 4 levels of organisation known as primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary. Proteins are firstly manufactured as a primary sequence … Read more

What is gelatine and how to use it

Gelatine is a crystal like gel that is tasteless and colourless. It widely use in food industry as gelling agent. In addition, gelatine is a strand that obtains from hydrolysed collagen. It is unique amino acid profile give consumer many health benefits. Mix gelatine with liquid and heat it up, and it dissolves into a … Read more

What Is Donovanosis, A So-Called ‘Flesh Eating’ Sexually Transmitted Infection?

There are some bacteria in the environment that are so pervasive and detrimental as the disease process caused by them made it looks like we are getting eaten by an unseen entity typically known as the flesh-eating microbial agents. Among all of the sexually transmitted diseases, donovanosis can be considered as one of the flesh-eating … Read more

Stages of Socialization

The human child comes into the world, as a biological organism with animal needs. He is gradually moulded in society into a social being and learns social ways of acting and feeling. No individual could become the person and no culture could exist without it. This process of moulding and shaping the personality of the … Read more

Skipper’s laws

There are two laws in Skipper’s laws. The first law states that the doubling time of a tumor is constant. By using a semi-log graph, it plots the growth of cells in a tumor over time to form a straight line. Researchers studied tumor growth in animals, specifically mice. The research showed that the mice … Read more

Fashion for different Body types

Fashion Your clothing, makeup, accessories, lifestyle, footwear, body and hairstyle this is Fashion and style. Everyone has there own style of carrying themselves. The word Fashion comes from Latin word ‘Facere’ meaning ‘to make’. Fashion keeps changing with day to day trends. In different parts of the worlds there are different traditional and non-traditional outfits, … Read more

Effects of Molarity Change of Potato Cell: Lab Experiment

LAB REPORT THEORY: The random movement of water molecules from a high water potential gradient (high concentration) to low potential gradient (low concentration) through partially permeable membrane is called osmosis. In osmosis, the solute cannot pass through the partially permeable membrane but the solvent can because it only allows certain material to pass through.(Pickering Ron) … Read more

Chemistry and the Salt Water Impact on Onion Cells

The Effects of Salt Water on Onion Cells All organisms are composed of cells (prokaryotic or eukaryotic). Plant cells and animal cells are two different types of eukaryotic cells. Both similarly consist of cell membranes and vacuoles, but only plant cells involve a cell wall for supporting structure. Vacuoles are larger in plant cells, and … Read more

What Are Proto-Oncogenes?

Proto-oncogenes Proto-oncogenes are genes that help cells grow frequently. When a proto-oncogene mutates or there are too many copies of it, it becomes a “bad” gene that can become permanently turned on or activated when it is not supposed to be. This creates the cell to grow out of control, which can lead to cancer. … Read more

The Human Reprodcutive System

Female reproductive system There are several organs and tissues that make up the female reproductive system, these include that ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. They are also involved in producing and transporting gametes and in the production of sex hormones. The female reproductive system is also responsible for fertilizing the … Read more

Apoptosis: A Review of Programmed Cell Death

Apoptosis is a form of cell death in which a programmed sequence of events leads to the elimination of cells without releasing harmful substances into the surrounding area. Apoptosis is ATP-dependent and is characterized by cell and organelle shrinkage, and membranes bleeding. Apoptosis plays a crucial role in developing and maintaining the health of the … Read more

7 Superfoods That Keep Your Body and Mind Strong

Superfoods are rich in nutrients and promote good health and well-being. Not only does it improve the immune system (at the same time, humans have less work for humans), but also contact with the body, inflammation (CINA) reduces and eliminates harmful bacteria. Bonus: those who eat fast foods regularly are healthier and less. What better … Read more

What is CRISPR and how does it operate

The history on this topic actually starts thousands of years ago with selective breeding in animals. Through breeding selectively, we strengthened useful traits in plants and animals. We became good at this, but never fully were able to understand how it really worked. Then we found the code of life, Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA). It’s a … Read more

Mitosis and meiosis reproduction in eukaryotic cells

Mitosis and meiosis are two different forms of reproduction in eukaryotic cells. These two processes are similar in some aspects while different in others. Both result in the creation of new cells, but through different methods. Mitosis is a type of asexual reproduction, while meiosis is a type of sexual reproduction. These two processes are … Read more