Is genetic engineering ethical

Genetic Engineering is a powerful and potentially very dangerous too. To change the sequence of nucleotides of the DNA that code for the structure of a complex living organism, can have extremely ill effects although the potential benefit can be huge. Genetic Engineering is a technology that has been introduced to change the DNA of … Read more

Causes And Care For Bad Breath

“ Bad breath is caused by odor-producing bacteria that grow in the mouth. When you don’t brush and floss regularly, bacteria accumulate on the bits of food left in your mouth and between your teeth. The sulfur compounds released by these bacteria make your breath smell. Bad breath, or halitosis, can be a major problem, … Read more

Biology: What is homeostasis?

The word homeostasis come from the ancient Greek, and it’s the union of the two words homeo and stasis. Homois means “similar”, and stasis means “staying still”, which gives the idea of “staying the same”. The human body consists of millions of cells working together to maintain the whole organism, and whereas the cells have … Read more

Subjective well being

Subjective well-being (SWB) has been defined as a person cognitive and affective evaluations of his or her life’ (Diener, Lucas, & Oshi, 2002). The cognitive component refers to what one individual thinks about his or her life satisfaction in universal terms (life as a whole) and in domain terms (in particular areas of life such … Read more

Cells and Mechanical Force

It is the cells in tissues that are responsible to mechanical forces. It is now well recognized that mechanical forces play a fundamental role in the regulation of cell functions, including gene induction, protein synthesis, cell proliferation, migration, death, and differentiation, which are essential to maintain tissue homeostasis and functions such as in muscle, bone, … Read more

Bowlby’s Theory

Bowlby’s theory is an evolutionary theory because he believes attachment is a behavioural system that has evolved because of its survival and reproductive value. Caregiving is adaptive because species have adapted over many years to enhance survival of the offspring so they can later reproduce. Bowlby’s theory is made up of many different ideas. According … Read more

What is gelatine and how to use it

Gelatine is a crystal like gel that is tasteless and colourless. It widely use in food industry as gelling agent. In addition, gelatine is a strand that obtains from hydrolysed collagen. It is unique amino acid profile give consumer many health benefits. Mix gelatine with liquid and heat it up, and it dissolves into a … Read more

What Is Donovanosis, A So-Called ‘Flesh Eating’ Sexually Transmitted Infection?

There are some bacteria in the environment that are so pervasive and detrimental as the disease process caused by them made it looks like we are getting eaten by an unseen entity typically known as the flesh-eating microbial agents. Among all of the sexually transmitted diseases, donovanosis can be considered as one of the flesh-eating … Read more

Short History of Bionics

Bionics, in the field of medicine, means the replacement or enhancement of organs or other body parts by mechanical versions. It is the technique of replacing a limb or body part by an artificial limb or part that is electronically or mechanically powered. This artificial body part is embedded in the nervous system such that … Read more

Computer Viruses

The Anna Kournikova worm Anna Kournikova (named by its author as “Vbs.OnTheFly Created By OnTheFly”) was a computer worm written by a 20-year-old Dutch student named Jan de Wit who called himself ‘OnTheFly’ on February 11, 2001. It was designed to trick email users into opening a mail message purportedly containing a picture of the … Read more

The distinctive features of eukaryotic cells

There are different cells, but there are 2 cells that you have to focus on: the plant’s cell and animal’s cell. We can compare and contrast the 2 cells. So first you got the plant cells. They are eukaryotic cells of eukaryotic organism. These distinctive features include the following: A cell wall composed of cellulose … Read more

What Are Proto-Oncogenes?

Proto-oncogenes Proto-oncogenes are genes that help cells grow frequently. When a proto-oncogene mutates or there are too many copies of it, it becomes a “bad” gene that can become permanently turned on or activated when it is not supposed to be. This creates the cell to grow out of control, which can lead to cancer. … Read more

The Human Reprodcutive System

Female reproductive system There are several organs and tissues that make up the female reproductive system, these include that ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva, mammary glands and breasts. They are also involved in producing and transporting gametes and in the production of sex hormones. The female reproductive system is also responsible for fertilizing the … Read more

What is pH?

“ Before delving into the adverse effects of changes of pH in our body it’s important to understand what pH is. pH is a measure of hydrogen ion concentration or how acidic or alkaline a substance is on a scale ranging from 1 to 14. In fact the different parts of our body have varied … Read more

What is Biomimetics?

“ Biomimetics is the learning of the structure and function of biological systems as models for the design and engineering of material and machines. In other words, we can say that it is recollection of nature, models, systems, processes and elements to take inspiration from it in order to solve problem faced by human. Biomimetics … Read more

Stess And Its Role In Our Life

Abstract Stress. We all experience it is our daily lives. Whether you are at the top of a roller coaster that’s about to drop, going on your very first date, or even having your first-born child. There are many different types of stress. Stress can be a good thing or a bad thing. For example, … Read more

Experiment: Protein and Pepsin Digestion

Representing Digestion in the Human Body by Observing Protein and Pepsin Purpose: The purpose of this lab is to determine the optimum conditions for digestion in the stomach. This lab will focus on chemical digestion by gastric fluid, using pepsin and egg along with either an acid, a base, or a neutral solution to model … Read more

Mitosis and meiosis reproduction in eukaryotic cells

Mitosis and meiosis are two different forms of reproduction in eukaryotic cells. These two processes are similar in some aspects while different in others. Both result in the creation of new cells, but through different methods. Mitosis is a type of asexual reproduction, while meiosis is a type of sexual reproduction. These two processes are … Read more

A REVIEW ON THE END-OF-LIFE CARE AND PRAGMATIC DECISION MAKING: A BIOETHICAL PERSPECTIVE

D. Micah Hester’s book End-of-Life Care and Pragmatic Decision Making: A Bioethical Perspective is a reviving examination of good issues encompassing look after the withering utilizing what he calls a profoundly experimental logic vigorously obliged to William James. For Hester, radical observation acknowledges as genuine any experience, and in this way necessitates all experience be … Read more

The difference between generations

Life of present generation is faraway different when compared with the older ones. Things have changed significantly. The way things used to work in the past are not the same as now because new systems of doing things have been make known to the society. The way we consolidate things is different from how our … Read more

Reviewn on anthropology and development

The essay will look at different works within the discipline to expand on this “evil twin” relationship as we move away from this iconic work to contextualist this debate within current anthropology. The first section will look back at the discourse of development and anthropology as the history of both these fields is essential to … Read more

Panicum antidotale

Panicum is the biggest genera in the Gramineae familly. Inside the variety Panicum antidotale is one of the essential flooded and range grass species in the semiarid and dry Southwest. It is perennial long lasting grass. The plant varies in height from 1.5 m to 3 m (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011; Surhone et al., 2010). … Read more

How accurate are IQ tests?

The precision of an IQ test, or of any estimating instrument so far as that is concerned, comprises of two fundamental fixings: unwavering quality and legitimacy. The unwavering quality of a test is the consistency and security with which it quantifies. In the event that a measuring tape is a solid measure of length, at … Read more

What Is Hydroponic Growing?

What is Hydroponic growing? The hydroponics is a division of hydro culture, the developing of plants in ground less medium, or a water based condition. Hydroponic developing uses mineral supplement answers for feed the plants in water, without soil. We would now be able to develop practically any plant at for all intents and compelling … Read more

The Bradford Protein Assay

The Bradford Assay is a form of colorimetric and spectroscopic analysis developed to determine the concentration of a protein; in an aqueous solution. Produced by Marion Bradford in 1976, it was an innovation of its time due to various factors including its simplicity, fast results, reproducibility and a high sensitivity of 0?0.01 mg (Martina and … Read more

Chestnut castanea crenata

Perhaps during nomadic life, the primary food consumed by man, the chestnut dates to primitive times. Chestnuts (Castanea) belongs to family Fagaceae, with natural habitat in deciduous forests of eastern North America, Europe, and East Asia. There are seven species in genus Castanea but in this experiment, we have studied three species i.e. American chestnut … Read more

Single-nucleotide polymorphism

First and foremost Single nucleotide polymorphisms, frequently called SNPs or pronounced “ snips”, is a DNA sequence variation occurring when a single nucleotide as A, T, C or G in the genome differs between members of a biological species or paired chromosomes in a human. The less common base must have a frequency of SNPs … Read more

Tomorrow’S Leaf: The Anti-Microbial, Anti-Fungal And Anti-Oxidant Activities Of Ashitaba (Angelika Keiskei) Plant For Various Applications

Microorganisms participate in a significant part of retaining the Earth’s ecosystem and is a huge percentage of the planet’s living material (lumen, 2018). “Microbes” comprises of eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms which are categorized as bacteria, fungi, virus, algae, archaea and protozoa. A big population of these microbes doesn’t really pose a significant threat to humans, … Read more

Survival of the fittest seminar

Charles Darwin gave his theory of evolution by the way or Natural Selection in 1858 as an explanation for adaptation and variation in species and organisms. Natural selection is the differentiation of organisms due to the differences in phenotype. Natural selection acts on the phenotype of an organism. The phenotype is the observable characteristics of … Read more

MATERNAL PHYSIOLOGICAL CHANGES IN PREGNANCY

In pregnant woman there are many physiological changes during pregnancy, which are entirely normal, including changes in different trimesters and changes in different systems like cardiovascular, metabolic, renal, hematologic, and respiratory changes. The progesterone and estrogens levels rise continually during pregnancy, and they suppress the hypothalamic axis and therefore also the menstrual cycle. Endocrine system … Read more

The mysterious archaeans

What are archaeans? Archaea were discovered in the early 1970s. Similar to bacteria they are single-celled prokaryotes. Archaeans DNA structure places it in a separate kingdom. There is still much about archaeans that are not known. What we do know is that most of them can survive in highly extreme environments and are known as … Read more

Anton van Leeuwenhoek – The Father of Microbiology

Anton van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch scientist who was born on October 24, 1632, in, what was at the time, the Dutch Republic. Anton van Leeuwenhoek was proclaimed “The Father of Microbiology” by the scientific world for his numerous contributions to science throughout his lifetime. He made discoveries about bacteria, spermatozoa, single-celled life forms, the … Read more

The Importance Of Flexibility In Sport

First, what exactly is flexibility? When you hear the word flexibility, you probably think of a contortionist or gymnast, but the technical definition is being able to move your joints through their whole range of motion. However, while many sports require great flexibility at the highest levels, you might think that flexibility doesn’t apply to … Read more

A Case Study on Rabies

Rabies case study Rabies is a very interesting disease to research as it is such a complex virus. It is a zoonotic disease spread through bites or saliva of an infected animal. It is usually fatal as it does not show definitive signs of the infection until it is too late. The only diagnosis is … Read more

Structure and Function of Haemoglobin

Primary structure: This is hemoglobin at the simplest level, it is made up of chains of amino acids, in which peptide bonds separating each amino acid. It consists of four polypeptide chains, two alpha (?) chains, and two betas (?) chains. Secondary Structure: The two types of secondary structure found in proteins are the alpha-helix … Read more

The Abiotic and Biotic processes

Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. It would be impossible to overestimate the importance of photosynthesis in the maintenance of … Read more

The Antibiotic Resistance Crisis

Antibiotic resistance crisis is happening now and it seems like there is no solution to it yet. Everyone knows that the antibiotic resistance is elevating to dangerously high levels in all parts of the world. The antibiotics that were used to save millions of lives are no longer effective towards the swift emergence of resistant … Read more

Processed Foods, Are They Good For You?

Processed foods are foods that have been transformed or altered from their original form chemically or physically. From this simple definition we get to know that most of the foods we consume are processed. Not all processed foods are bad. In fact food processing make some food safe for consumption as in the case of … Read more

What are Biofilms?

Biofilms are structured communities of bacteria that play a role in antibiotic resistant infections on catheters, which are tubes inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity or for removing fluids, and other medical prosthetic devices. Bacteria can exist in the body as a single cell or as biofilms. Despite attempts at reducing infections … Read more