What are Biofilms?

Biofilms are structured communities of bacteria that play a role in antibiotic resistant infections on catheters, which are tubes inserted through a narrow opening into a body cavity or for removing fluids, and other medical prosthetic devices. Bacteria can exist in the body as a single cell or as biofilms. Despite attempts at reducing infections … Read more

The Process of Mitosis and Meiosis

Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females.During the process of meiosis one cell divides two times to form four daughter cells. These four daughter cells only have … Read more

A Case Study on Rabies

Rabies case study Rabies is a very interesting disease to research as it is such a complex virus. It is a zoonotic disease spread through bites or saliva of an infected animal. It is usually fatal as it does not show definitive signs of the infection until it is too late. The only diagnosis is … Read more

What is Biomimetics?

“ Biomimetics is the learning of the structure and function of biological systems as models for the design and engineering of material and machines. In other words, we can say that it is recollection of nature, models, systems, processes and elements to take inspiration from it in order to solve problem faced by human. Biomimetics … Read more

Stess And Its Role In Our Life

Abstract Stress. We all experience it is our daily lives. Whether you are at the top of a roller coaster that’s about to drop, going on your very first date, or even having your first-born child. There are many different types of stress. Stress can be a good thing or a bad thing. For example, … Read more

Biochemistry or Biological Chemistry

Biochemistry or biological chemistry involves the study of components & composition of living things along with the chemical processes. Biochemistry has been a key to our growing understanding of a myriad of health issues; from arteriosclerosis to cancer to diabetes. The tools of biochemists have identified the gene, protein and pathway disruptions that lead to … Read more

A Case Study on Rabies

Rabies case study Rabies is a very interesting disease to research as it is such a complex virus. It is a zoonotic disease spread through bites or saliva of an infected animal. It is usually fatal as it does not show definitive signs of the infection until it is too late. The only diagnosis is … Read more

Reese Fulton Ap Biology X Linked Color Blindness

Reese Fulton Ap Biology X Linked Color Blindness X linked color blindness (also referred to as color vision deficiency) is a condition that affects and individual’s perception of color. According to Colour Blind Awareness approximately 1 in 12 males and 1 in 200 females are affected by color blindness Red-Green being the most common. A … Read more

Briefly explaining the differences between negative feedback, positive feedback and feed-forward in physiological system with suitable examples

A feedback loop is a biological occurrence wherein the output of a system amplifies the system (positive feedback) or inhibits the system (negative feedback). Living organisms are able to maintain homeostasis through these feedback loops. This is the mechanism that enables us to keep our internal environment relatively constant. Examples of negative feedback include maintaining … Read more

Processed Foods, Are They Good For You?

Processed foods are foods that have been transformed or altered from their original form chemically or physically. From this simple definition we get to know that most of the foods we consume are processed. Not all processed foods are bad. In fact food processing make some food safe for consumption as in the case of … Read more

Reviewn on anthropology and development

The essay will look at different works within the discipline to expand on this “evil twin” relationship as we move away from this iconic work to contextualist this debate within current anthropology. The first section will look back at the discourse of development and anthropology as the history of both these fields is essential to … Read more

Panicum antidotale

Panicum is the biggest genera in the Gramineae familly. Inside the variety Panicum antidotale is one of the essential flooded and range grass species in the semiarid and dry Southwest. It is perennial long lasting grass. The plant varies in height from 1.5 m to 3 m (Ecocrop, 2011; FAO, 2011; Surhone et al., 2010). … Read more

Processed Foods, Are They Good For You?

Processed foods are foods that have been transformed or altered from their original form chemically or physically. From this simple definition we get to know that most of the foods we consume are processed. Not all processed foods are bad. In fact food processing make some food safe for consumption as in the case of … Read more

How untreated lactase enzyme reacts: An experiment

Lactase Action on Milk Sugars The reaction of the enzyme, untreated lactase, and whole milk and the reaction of the untreated lactase and skim milk prove to have actually had the enzyme break down its substance. For the enzyme and sucrose reaction, the solution did not have a change in its acidity levels therefore showing … Read more

Extremophiles features and role

Extremophiles are organisms that live in conditions which humans consider “extreme.” “Extreme” environments include but are not limited to extreme pressure, extreme cold, intense heat, highly acidic environments, and highly saline environments. These conditions were once believed to not have the ability to sustain life. There are three domains of life: Eukarya, Bacteria, and Archaea. … Read more

The Bradford Protein Assay

The Bradford Assay is a form of colorimetric and spectroscopic analysis developed to determine the concentration of a protein; in an aqueous solution. Produced by Marion Bradford in 1976, it was an innovation of its time due to various factors including its simplicity, fast results, reproducibility and a high sensitivity of 0?0.01 mg (Martina and … Read more

Chestnut castanea crenata

Perhaps during nomadic life, the primary food consumed by man, the chestnut dates to primitive times. Chestnuts (Castanea) belongs to family Fagaceae, with natural habitat in deciduous forests of eastern North America, Europe, and East Asia. There are seven species in genus Castanea but in this experiment, we have studied three species i.e. American chestnut … Read more

The Process of Mitosis and Meiosis

Meiosis is a process where a single cell divides twice to produce four cells containing half the original amount of genetic information. These cells are our sex cells – sperm in males, eggs in females.During the process of meiosis one cell divides two times to form four daughter cells. These four daughter cells only have … Read more

The Concept And Evolution Of Machizukuri From Social Movement To “Soft-Infrastructure” Of City Level

Civil society engagements are important in city planning as their role seen to comprehend and fill the gap of society needs. As the purpose of urban or city planning is for society sustainability, the idea of participatory approach could answer the challenge of what should be provided and how. The community-based activities are deeply rooted … Read more

Nutrition Plan For Muscle Growth

Nutrition Plan for Muscle Growth The truth of the matter is, you will not achieve maximum muscle gains and growth without implementing and following a strict nutrition plan which is required to help you achieve desired results. Consuming good nutrition is more critically important that paying for the latest and greatest sports supplement – regardless … Read more

Tomorrow’S Leaf: The Anti-Microbial, Anti-Fungal And Anti-Oxidant Activities Of Ashitaba (Angelika Keiskei) Plant For Various Applications

Microorganisms participate in a significant part of retaining the Earth’s ecosystem and is a huge percentage of the planet’s living material (lumen, 2018). “Microbes” comprises of eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms which are categorized as bacteria, fungi, virus, algae, archaea and protozoa. A big population of these microbes doesn’t really pose a significant threat to humans, … Read more

Fog Beetle: Full Characteristic

INTRODUCTION Many creatures that live in the desert rely on some sort of special adaptations, and fog beetles have one of the weirdest ways of finding water. The Namib desert where these beetles live, is located on the South-West coast of Africa (21°07?S 14°33?E) This is one of the most arid areas of the world, … Read more

Oyster Mushroom – Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus ostreatus which is known as the oyster mushroom, the pearl oyster or the grey oyster mushroom is a very common edible mushroom. It was first cultivated in Germany as a survival measure during World War I and is grown commercially around the world. It is related to the likewise cultivated king oyster mushroom. The … Read more

Mitosis vs. meiosis: A look at the similarities and differences

Mitosis and Meiosis Compare/Contrast Mitosis and Meiosis are two different types of cell division in humans and other animals. They have many similarities and a few important differences such as what their goal is and slight differences in the results after dividing. To explain Mitosis and Meiosis basically Mitosis is the process of a cell … Read more

Anton van Leeuwenhoek – The Father of Microbiology

Anton van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch scientist who was born on October 24, 1632, in, what was at the time, the Dutch Republic. Anton van Leeuwenhoek was proclaimed “The Father of Microbiology” by the scientific world for his numerous contributions to science throughout his lifetime. He made discoveries about bacteria, spermatozoa, single-celled life forms, the … Read more

The Importance Of Flexibility In Sport

First, what exactly is flexibility? When you hear the word flexibility, you probably think of a contortionist or gymnast, but the technical definition is being able to move your joints through their whole range of motion. However, while many sports require great flexibility at the highest levels, you might think that flexibility doesn’t apply to … Read more

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA )

ASSIGNMENT TOPIC – ELISA ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is the test has evolved from other types of immunoassays in the early 1970s and is now one of the most advanced widely clinical, translational, used laboratory technique in as well as clinical medicine. This assay is also used for detecting and quantifying substances such as peptides, … Read more

Cultivation Practices Of Carrots

Cultivation practices of carrots Carrot is a semi-hardy crop which is cultivated all over the world. It is the common name used in Zambia for Daucus carota. Since it is a semi-hardy crop, carrot require cool weather for it to perform well. Carrot need long days and vernalization of roots. Despite carrot being able to … Read more

Briefly explaining the differences between negative feedback, positive feedback and feed-forward in physiological system with suitable examples

A feedback loop is a biological occurrence wherein the output of a system amplifies the system (positive feedback) or inhibits the system (negative feedback). Living organisms are able to maintain homeostasis through these feedback loops. This is the mechanism that enables us to keep our internal environment relatively constant. Examples of negative feedback include maintaining … Read more

The Abiotic and Biotic processes

Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. It would be impossible to overestimate the importance of photosynthesis in the maintenance of … Read more

Bowlby’s Theory

Bowlby’s theory is an evolutionary theory because he believes attachment is a behavioural system that has evolved because of its survival and reproductive value. Caregiving is adaptive because species have adapted over many years to enhance survival of the offspring so they can later reproduce. Bowlby’s theory is made up of many different ideas. According … Read more

Cell Membrane: The process of protein synthesis

The cell membrane The cell membrane is a thin semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell. Its function is to act a barrier that separate’s a cell from its surrounding environment which protects the integrity by allowing certain substances into the cell, while keeping other substances out. Also, the cell membrane helps to … Read more

Babel-Fish Earbud Translators

Abstract This paper explores published articles from online resources (internet) that depict a probable solution to near real-time language translation in support of targeting, situational understanding, and/or information collection. As technology shrinks the distance between nationalities and cultures, language remains a barrier that still prevents a shared understanding between the pair. This paper will examine … Read more

Types of Seed Dispersal and Its Importance

In order for new plants to grow, seeds need to be distributed to different areas away from the parent plants. A disadvantage of plants compared to animals is that plants cannot physically get up and move themselves to different places. Seed dispersal is a very important part of nature and how plants coexist with other … Read more