The author is described as a poet by linguistics. Consequently, a poet is the author of poetry, which in the widest sense is perceived as both literary and linguistic art. In principle, the term can mean the creator of a literary genre, but is now used mainly for artists who are concerned with lyric poetry, but the term “writer” is more common. Even in the Middle Ages, Poet and Poet had the same meaning, but at the latest since the storm and impulse, the poet was regarded as a lover (cf. dilettante) and the poet as genius and author of high literature.
For the first time, the concept of the poet in the King Rother, a mid-high German couple’s poetry of the twelfth century, is mentioned as tihtaere, derived from the Latin dictare. The Latin verb dictare can be translated, dictated, projected, and often translated. The word meant, therefore, a person expressing something, that is, expressing it and thus compelling it.
As early as the Middle Ages, this novelty of the German language quickly became popular and became synonymous with the concept of poet, which in turn was generally used for authors and writers. In addition to these terms, the terms barde, skald, and skop, as well as masters and singers, were derived from the Master Master (Meistersinger). However, the poet soon replaced the poet.
The poet, as well as the poet, was regarded as the creator of poetry, but more rarely of novels, until the eighteenth century. However, in the course of the differentiation between trivial literature, whose aim was to entertain, and the serious literature which not only had an entertaining character but also invited the reader to the discussion, a conceptual separation was carried out (see fiction).
The poet was now regarded as the author of high, sophisticated and critical literature, while the poet was more likely to be the failed poet, whose work must be settled in the sphere of the trivial and ordinary. The poet, therefore, wrote celebrated works, the poet rather representing a caricature of his. In this context, Carl Spitzweg’s masterpiece The Poor Poet can also be interpreted.
The work, which is one of the best known Spitzweg, shows a writer in a dormitory. The room is narrow and is lit only by a small window. The inventory and other presentation is not to be examined at this point. Nevertheless, there is a decisive reference to the position of the poet, especially in direct comparison with the poet of that time: namely, the furnace.
There are papers, which are probably part of the laced bundle in front of the stove. It is assumed that these paper bundles are used to heat. On the papers lying in front of the stove, the Latin inscription “Operum meorum fasciculum III” can be seen, which can be translated with The third Bundle of my works. Their own work is therefore not for sale, but for burning. The gray wall is also more suitable for holding something (in the background the measure of the hexameter).
Thus, the picture shows no genius, which is the poet, but rather a chew, which also writes, but is not bought and thus found no attention of the modern (literature) market. In contrast, the poet was stylized into a kind of ideal that was recognized and appreciated by the nation. The poet did not write primarily to make money, but was the spiritual representative of an epoch which had the capacity to put into words the intellectual attitude.
Accordingly, in the nineteenth century, as well as in the twentieth century, the concept of the writer is also considered. If the poet is the one who pursues poetry from hobby, but does not profit from it because it is not recognized, it is the writer who writes to sell. The writer thus writes texts to live from where the poet receives an appreciation from the nation, and may be encouraged by a patron or by poetry.
Even today, literary competitions and poetry awards, which are intended to promote the artist as well as reward his work, bear witness to this understanding. They point out that the work of poetry should be financially supported in order to allow the artist a kind of financial freedom so that he can devote himself wholly to his artistic work.
Poets in the 20th and 21st century
Nevertheless, the concept of the poet in the twentieth century was subject to a change of meaning, which continues to cling to the word nowadays, ie in the 21st century. The term lost the status of the writing genius of an epoch and was used synonymously for the author.
Thus, if the term had previously been distinguished from the (professional) writer and the author, he lost his sublime status in the 20th century. It was mainly through the rapid spread of film and radio, which served as a basis for written material (manuscripts), that the personality of the writer was put into the background. It was thus less the poet who was the focus than his work.
According to this, the terms “writer” and “author” are used above all to form the basis for all writers. In fact, the poet generally means the authors of poems, and the term lyric or lyricist is also common. As poets are increasingly called authors of past times. The term poet nowadays often has an ironic flavor.
Well-known poets of different epochs
In the paper, the essential features which characterize and excel a poet were shown. However, no examples were given which artists are actually meant by the term. For this reason we would like to give you a selection of well-known poets. This is, however, only to be understood as a subjective section and is intended merely to convey an impression.