This report is being written as if you were to fully design my senior project. These are all the steps and procedures you would need to take to properly design it. First thing you would need to do would be identifying specific landmarks of surrounding land or lot. You would note down anything and roughly measure marks approximate to house location, this way you would have a general idea of where the house would be. If there are no big landmarks, such as nearby houses or roads – you should note small markings such as trees or pathways, anything to help you identify the location of the house.
Also, you should note climate, that can be a factor. After youve surveyed the entire scene you should write down all ideas having to do with what the house will need to be habitable and reference surrounding buildings for notes. For example if a building near the house lot has a high angled roof, that could be because of heavy snow or rainfall. Dont be afraid to ask questions or extensivly look up ideas. Next will come your rough draft, this is basically self explanatory. You will create preliminary sketches of floor plan with rough dimensions, and sketch a view of the house dimensioned from landmarks.
The information on your rough sketch does not have to be exact, ut it must be more informative then the notes you had taken earlier. After getting specifics from the consumer, you will begin to construct your floor plan. Day, 2 While it is your (our) job to create convinience and simplicity in the house design, you must consider the consumers ideas and needs. When you do this plan you must label all doors with Door tags, these will be used later. When putting dimensions in your floor plan make sure they are specific and detailed.
Try not to over dimension, but do not underdimension, carefully check every dimension, to see if it was duplicated or noted beforehand. Now will come the basement lan, dimension everything accordingly and show all needed floor supports. The needs for this house are different because of it’s large design, lolly columns are neccisary. Label everything. When your done with the basement and floor plans you should construct a electrical plan and plumbing plan, the electrical plan is necessary in this project, but the plumbing is not.
Now day’s you count on a licenced plumer to come in, they are the experts and they’ll know whats more convenient to the costumer” (Markland) The electrical plan consists of showing where outlets are to be placed, along with switches and lights. The designers job is to show the placement of the electrical utility’s, it is our job (electrician) to figure the wiring and fixtures” (Agostini) When you create the electrical plan you should make judgements based logically, this house is fairly easy to do.
But as with any design, the costumer should have input on where convenience would be best. A rather exiting part of the house design is the plot plan, a plot plan is not always included in a set of prints, but for my project I decided to create one. First you would recap your earlier notes on measured landmarks, and nonspecific landmarks. and make them specific. You need to measure the surrounding area precicly and locate property lines, not all property lines are nice and simple, with a nice square for a yard and perfectly straight line on each side of the house.
I showed special case in my plot plan, while this house is not referenced to any specific spot, lot, or peice of land. I got creative and wanted to show one of the many different types of Day, 3 property lines there can be, and this was fairly irregular. After measuring the entire wall to land distance on everyside of the house, you should now measure property lines, as shown in my plot plan. How many degrees a propery line is angled to, and how long that line will extend should be included and is a eccential part of this plot plan.
Dont forget driveway, or garage representations, in the case of this house there is a normal driveway. The next thing that you would have to work on will be your concrete and wall section, this is an important peice of a floor plan because it shows the insides of the wall, and thickness and height can be shown in detail. You can combine your sections into one view, or you can choose to put them on seperate papers. In this case I chose to put them both on the same paper. I feel that the view looks professional this way and still has room for labeling and detail.
Here you label the inside, things such as insulation and floor supports, to smaller things like flashing and termite sheild; “Flashing is used to control moisture. While termite sheilds are required where termites are a threat” (Kicklighter) the necessary’s for this view include inside hatch detail, label inner concrete support, although architects do not always need a detailed view such as this, once again it is very good to maintain a close standing with the consumer, that way there preference is oted and they do not feel discluded.
Next is the stair section, there is a stair section required for this house, it is leading from the ground floor to the basement. As of this paper I have not completed a stair section, once created it will specifically show and label landing boards, stringers, heads, risers, and nosings. Another essential part of a house design is the elevation views, these views are going to depict a picture for the architect, these are not really labeled with anything besides there name of view, but they are an aid to the architect so he (she) can visualize the final product.
Any wall or Day, 4 peice of the house that cant be shown in a regular view will have one that properly shows that item’s details. The views that are included in this specific design are the basic front, back, right, left, and a optional isometric view. Now comes the part which might involve the most research, (if you were creating this for a costumer, the cost, or bill of materials) First you would have to record the window and door cost, your gonna show all this in the window and door schedule which consists of tags to label and identify doors, and windows.
All additional cost will be noted in side notes or in the title lock – if requested create a list with prices and triple check with consumer, if there is a budget consult to that, and make any design changes if needed. Almost done, the last thing we do now is fill in the title block info, name, date, name of project (In this case, Senior House), the scale and any other notes to architect or consumer. Look at your floor plans now, check all dimension sizes, (The dimensions themselves) and make sure they are a respectable size, also do the same thing for arrows, the presentation of the design is as important as the quality.