When comparing and contrasting the character’s Oedipus and Othello by means of the different theatrical practices, one must take in account that there have been many interpretations, and productions of each of their respected plays. The differing presentations of each may lead someone to think differently about the play than another would.
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In comparing and contrasting the dramatic representation of the protagonists Oedipus and Othello, theatrical presentation, costume design, and character will lead the reader, and viewer, to have a greater insight into the theatrical ractices of their times and their approaches to the issue of verisimilitude. The theatrical presentation of both plays are very similar. The two plays would both be presented on a thrust stage, which is a platform surrounded on three sides by the audience. Except for the backdrop which would have some element of scenery, the stage itself would be bare apart from a few scenic elements and props.
Othello, like most of Shakespeare’s plays, had what is called an abstract setting. That is a setting in which the locale may change rapidly, it may not be indicated by the script that it has changed, and was most likely suggested by a few props. Abstract settings place more emphasis on the language and the performer, which causes the spectator to use their imagination. It also places more emphasis on costuming. This type of setting helped set up the style of representational theater, which places high emphasis on the realistic.
The style used in classical Greece was presentational which, because of the use of the mask, gave no illusion that this story is happening before their eyes. The audience is reminded that they are watching a play, and not merely observing life. Thus, the use of the thrust stage is the only similarity of the two types of presentation. Othello is a purely illusionistic play, whereas Oedipus Rex is one that when watched, the viewer knows that they are watching a performance. Costumes convey information about the character and aid in setting the tone or mood of the production.
Because most acting involves impersonation, most costumes are essential to re-create historical or to the period in which the production takes place. Costumes like that of William Shakespeare’s Othello maybe abstract, ever-changing, like it’s setting. When using the costume design of the latest film version of Othello, he is usually seen in a toga-like uniform which may have stemmed rom his moor background. Since costume elements were formalized in classical Greek theater, the costumes would be that of everyday dress with slight additions of colour, designs, all of which created a larger meaning in the context of the play.
The additions on the toga also contributed to accentuating the setting , which in Oedipus’ case was Thebes. His toga could have been coloured like the sand and have an ornament like a Sphinx tooth, signifying his bravery for killing the beast. In the case of Othello his toga-like uniform, may have had a general’s insignia on the shoulders, nd much like in the film, the scars and tattoos showing the suffering he has gone through. On the issue of verisimilitude, actors in Oedipus Rex would be required to wear a mask bearing an expression that would stay throughout the place, making the character’s seem flat and general.
Oedipus is a round character, but because of the mask, he has a one dimensional projection to the audience. The costumes worn in Othello would be that of clothing of that time. This is common in both plays, but the absence of the mask in Othello, meant that the actor provided their own expressions. Thus, the costumes worn in both plays would be life-like to the audience, but the use of the mask in classical Greece robbed the viewer of a three dimensional projection and withheld the expressions, by the actor.
When an actor acts, they impersonate to believably re-create a historical or fictional character. The character’s of Oedipus and Othello are developed into round characters. Round characters are those that are well developed three dimensionally with multiple meaning to their characters. Oedipus is a character who’s fate cannot be avoided, and which ever path he seems to take leads him to more trouble than hat he had to deal with before. Even though his character is well-rounded, he is not believable.
It would be highly unlikely that Oedipus would marry a woman who looked as if she could be his mother without asking a few questions about her past marriages and about her children. It could have caused some insight in their characters, and questions could have arisen about the first child which was sent away and thought of as dead. Othello on the other hand is a well-rounded character, and he is believable. Othello is a man who is filled with jealousy and mistrust he learns hat his wife may be sleeping with another man.
Anyone who has been in love has had this feeling once and a while, and that feeling is being fed by the person of whom they most trust it can be devastating for that person. As Iago continually feeds Othello’s suspicion, his hurt and mistrust grows for his wife, until he finally kills her. This is seen in the news everyday… a jealous lover kills the other half because they were seen with another man, or with their ex. Thus, the character of Oedipus is a round characters, but cannot be believed due to the absurd circumstances of his marriage with Jocasta.
Othello’s round character can be believed, because jealousy invades all of us at one time or another and for Othello, he chose to act upon it much like those who act in our society today. In conclusion, when comparing and contrasting the dramatic representation of the protagonists Oedipus and Othello, the differences in their theatrical presentations ,with regard to the styles of presentational and representational theater, the similarities in approach to costume design, and their approaches to the validity of realistic characters, gives great insight on these two different dramatic periods.