StudyBoss » Animal Farm by George Orwell

Animal Farm by George Orwell

This remarkable book was written by George Orwell, whose real name is Eric Blair, and it is about the lives of farm animals who rebel against humans. The animals live on Manor Farm and are owned by Mr. Jones, who always seems to be drunk. The leader of the animals was an old pig named Old Major who one day had a dream about being free from the oppression of man. One evening, Old Major assembled the animals of Manor Farm and talked to them about how they live hard, short lives in slavery to the humans and that they should rebel and become free.

Old Major got the idea from a song which came to him in a dream, Beasts of England, that was sung when he was a young pig. The song talked about the animals being free one day. No one knew when the rebellion that Old Major talked about would happen, especially after Old Major died three days after the meeting. The pigs, who were the smartest of the animals, picked the two most pre-eminent pigs to assume the leadership role that Old Major left. The two pigs names were Snowball and Napoleon. These two pigs got together and organized all of Old Major’s thoughts into a system called Animalism.

This was taught at night during secret meetings that were held in the big barn and the animals slowly learned it. Then one midsummer’s eve, the animals rebelled against Mr. Jones and his men because they had not been fed the whole day. This was not a planned attack, but the animals succeeded and kicked Mr. Jones and his men out. The animals were free. The next morning the animals set up rules, The Seven Commandments, and changed the name of the farm from Manor Farm to Animal Farm. Then the animals went out in the field to gather the hay and did it more quickly than Jones and his men ever did.

It was also the biggest harvest they had ever seen because there was absolutely no waste. Boxer, a large horse, was a great asset to the animals because he worked as hard as three horses put together and he kept pushing himself harder and harder. Rieland 2 The animals heard that Jones might return and try to recapture the farm, so the animals started preparing for an attack. Then one day they saw Jones and his men marching up to Animal Farm with sticks and a gun ready to take over Animal Farm. Snowball, who was the leader of the animals, had studied the campaigns of Julius Caesar and formed battle plans from them.

The animals eventually won, but they did not go unscathed. Snowball got wounded and some other animals got killed. The animals held a memorial service in their honor and sang The Beasts of England several times. Winter came, and it was a harsh one. During the winter, Snowball came up with a plan for electricity and heat from a book he found in the house. The idea was to build a windmill that could provide power for the animals. Napoleon and Snowball disagreed on this issue just like they did on every issue. When it came time for the animals to vote on if they should work on the windmill or not, both pigs got up and made speeches.

During Snowballs speech, Napoleon whistled and nine enormous dogs rushed into the room right towards Snowball. He escaped after the dogs chased him off the farm. Napoleon assumed the leadership role that Snowball left behind. The spring came and the animals started plowing the fields. Napoleon announced that they were going to build the windmill after all and that it would require extra work and maybe less rations. All the animals agreed that they should work on the windmill, even though it will take two years to build.

The animals were now working sixty hours a week and the harvest was less successful this year. The animals were also working on the windmill by hauling rocks up the hill to the site where the windmill is going to be. The animals worked harder than when Snowball was their leader, but they thought that just because of the extra task of building the windmill. Napoleon manipulated their thoughts and told them that some of the things that Snowball taught never happened and started changing the commandments behind their backs. Autumn came and the animals were tired, but happy.

They had a decent supply of food and supplies, but the windmill was about halfway done so that compensated for everything. Later on in November, the windmill was blown over by the strong winds which made the animals mad. Napoleon blamed Snowball for making the tower collapse. He told them that they will work through the winter and Rieland 3 through whatever weather there is. Winter came and it was a bitter one. They decided to take extra precautions in order to make the windmill more sturdy, so they made the walls an extra three feet thick.

Napoleon then blamed Snowball for everything that went wrong and Napoleon erased the animals minds of the good things that he did for the animals. Later on Napoleon assembled all the animals and killed a bunch of them who admitted to be followers of Snowball. The animals were terrified by seeing their own comrades die, but soon got over it. That year, the animals worked harder then the last and it seemed that rations were getting smaller, but Napoleon told them that everything was increasing. The animals believed him and went on working harder than ever.

There were rumors going around that Jones was going to come and attack the farm again, so the animals started preparing for an attack. The morning came and Jones and his men attacked. This time there were fifteen men and there were six guns between the lot of them. This battle was a lot tougher than the first battle against Jones. Jones’ men forced the animals to retreat into the barn, and then Jones and his men destroyed the windmill with dynamite. The animals were devastated and put to shame. The animals worked on the windmill harder and harder as time went on.

Rations kept getting smaller and smaller, and the animals still thought that things were better than when Jones was around. The pigs were still ruling over all the animals and were becoming more and more tyrannical over all the other animals. Napoleon had little piglets and built a school house for them and rose them separately from the rest of the animals. Napoleon was elected President of the Republic and now he held celebrations in his honor once every week. Boxer was the hardest working animal on the farm. He was working one day and he burst a lung. The animals hauled him to the barn to rest while they called for an ambulance.

The ambulance came to take Boxer to the hospital, but when it was leaving with Boxer in it, one of the animals read it and it said that it was a butcher truck. Three days later it was said that Boxer died in the animal hospital. Years passed and seasons came and went, and no one really remembered the days of Jones. Animals died and Snowball was forgotten. The windmill was built and it was not used for electricity, but Rieland 4 instead for machines that would help out with farm chores. The animals were generally hungry, they slept on straw mats, and drank from a pool.

The older animals tried to remember if things were worse than in the beginning days of the rebellion, but they could not remember because they had nothing to compare it to. The pigs then said that all animals were equal, but some more equal than others. The pigs started walking on their hind legs and carrying a whip in their hands. They invited humans to come and look at the farm and admire what the pigs have done to Animal Farm. Then Napoleon told the humans that the farm was now to be called Manor Farm, once again, and that he was abolishing the name Animal Farm.

The other animals on the farm looked at the humans, then at the pigs, and they could not tell the difference between the two. This is the story of Animal Farm. I thought that this book displayed the many ways that power can corrupt the lives of people. You start off with a great idea that everyone likes, then someone becomes greedy and destroys it for everyone. I think that this book shows us, as Christians, to think not of ourselves so much, but of the needs of others or the well-being of everyone else.

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StudyBoss » Animal Farm by George Orwell

Animal Farm by George Orwell

Characters, items, and events found in George Orwells book, Animal Farm, can be compared to similar characters, items, and events found in Marxism and the 1917 Russian Revolution. This comparison will be shown by using the symbolism that is in the book with similarities found in the Russian Revolution. Old Major was a prized-boar that belonged to Farmer Jones. The fact that Old Major is himself a boar was to signify that radical change and revolution are, themselves, boring in the eyes of the proletariat (represented by the other barnyard animals), who are more prone to worrying about work and survival in their everyday life.

Old Major gave many speeches to the farm animals about hope and the future. He is the main animal who got the rebellion started even though he died before it actually began. Old Majors role compares to Lenin and Marx whose ideas were to lead to the communist revolution. Animal Farm is a criticism of Karl Marx, as well as a novel perpetuating his convictions of democratic Socialism. (Zwerdling, 20). Lenin became leader and teacher of the working class in Russia, and their determination to struggle against capitalism.

Like Old Major, Lenin and Marx wrote essays and gave speeches to the working class poor. The working class in Russia, as compared with the barnyard animals in Animal Farm, were a laboring class of people that received low wages for their work. Like the animals in the farm yard, the people is Russia thought there would be no oppression in a new society because the working class people (or animals) would own all the riches and hold all the power. (Golubeva and Gellerstein 168). Another character represented in the book is Farmer Jones.

He represents the symbol of the Czar Nicholas in Russia who treated his people like Farmer Jones treated his animals. The animal rebellion on the farm was started because Farmer Jones was a drunk who never took care of the animals and who came home one night, left the gate open and the animals rebelled. Czar Nicholas was a very weak man who treated his people similar to how Farmer Jones treated his animals. The Czar made his working class people very mad with the way he wielded his authority and preached all the time, and the people suffered and finally demanded reform by rebelling.

The Czar said The law will henceforward be respected and obeyed not only by the nation but also the authority that rules it – and that the law would stand above the changing views of the individual instruments of the supreme power. (Pares 420). The animal Napoleon can be compared as a character representing Stalin in Russia. Both were very mean looking, didnt talk very much but always got what they wanted through force. In one part of the book Napoleon charged the dogs on Snowball, another animal. Stalin became the Soviet Leader after the death of Lenin.

He was underestimated by his opponents who always became his victims, and he had one of the most ruthless, regimes in history. In was not till very many years later that the world found out about the many deaths that Stalin created in Russia during the Revolution. For almost 50 years the world thought that the Nazis had done the killing in Russia, when in fact it was Stalin. (Imse 2). The last characters that are symbolic of each other are the animal Snowball with the Russian leader Trotsky. Snowball was very enthusiastic and was a leader who organized the defense of the farm.

He gave speeches and instructions but was not very beneficial. All the other animals liked him, but he was outsmarted by Napoleon. Trotsky and Stalins relationship was very much like Snowballs and Napoleons. Trotsky organized the Red Army and gave speeches and everyone in Russia thought he would win power over Stalin. After Lenins death Trotsky lost all his power to Stalin and was expelled from the communist party. He was at one time considered the second most powerful man in Russia. (Trotsky Comptons 290). Besides characters there are many items that can be compared as symbols in the book and in Russia.

The whip that Napoleon used in the farmyard to wield power can be compared to the power that Stalin used on the Russians. Napoleon carried a whip in his trotter. Stalin used his power to starve the Russian people and to have Lenin arrested. Stalins main goal was to maximize his personal power. (Stalin, Britannia 576). Stalin whipped his people into shape by collectivizing agriculture, by police terror, and by destroying remnants of individual prosperity. He also led the Soviet Union into the nuclear age (Clarkson 442).

Propaganda is another item that was used in the Russian revolution. It can be compared to Squealer in Animal Farm. Squealer brainwashed (a form of propaganda) the barnyard animals into believing that they did not like apples and milk, while he and Napoleon were stealing the food for themselves. In Russia, the Bolsheviks carried out propaganda on the people by passing out leaflets and putting stories in the newspapers that were not true. They told workers, soldiers, and peasants to not trust their own hands and to take away land from the landowners.

Golubeva and Gellerstein 80). Another item that is similar in both Animal Farm and Russia are the dogs and the secret police. Napoleon trained his dogs when they were puppies to guard him and to obey his every command. They chased Snowball away. Stalin trained his secret police to do his bidding whenever he issued an order. Stalin had his secret police kill between 60,000 to 70,000 people. These police were called the Checka and the graves filled with bodies stacked upon each other with bullets in each skull were found many years later.

Imse, C2). Another symbolism that exists in the book and in Russia is a similarity to events that took place. The windmill that is present in Animal Farm can be compared with the growth of industry in Russia or the Industrial Revolution. Snowball first introduced the windmill concept to the farm but Napoleon disagreed with him and had the dogs chase him away. Napoleon then presented the windmill as a good idea and the animals were presented with hope that things would get better on the farm. When it blew down, Napoleon blamed it on Snowball.

Napoleon thought that if he could keep the barnyard animals busy all the time replacing the windmill that they would not realize how bad their living conditions were, and he could blame the destruction all the time on Snowball. The windmill is the only thing that was holding the animals together as a unit. In Russia the growth of factory and industry was very depressing but depended on the obligatory labor of serfs. Russia hoped that by keeping the serfs working all the time and promising them a better world that they would not realize how bad their living conditions were.

The Industrialists were pressing their own constitutional demands. (Clarkson 352). None of the social classes were fighting each other because there were no classes left. What Russia got working was to make the people think that the prospect of loss of potential improvements in conditions of life of the here and now, could only be attained by stimulating labor to unprecedented efforts. The last event that was similar in the book and in Russia was the animal rebellion on the farm and the Russian Revolution of 1917.

Farmer Jones was drunk a lot and would forget to feed the animals on the farm. The withholding of this food is what finally forced the animals on the farm to rebel against Farmer Jones. In Russia, there were many food shortages which caused the people to demonstrate and then the Russian soldiers refused to suppress them and the leaders demanded that Nicholas transfer his power to parliamentary government because everything was getting out of control. Soviet workers and soldiers formed a special committee and established a government.

The same day the emperor abdicated. (Russian Revolution, Grolier npa). This actually backfired in Russia and the war continued and the people still starved. Many lessons can be learned by reading Animal Farm that can help countries and governments around the world from making mistakes in wielding their power against their people. If a population is suppressed and not allowed to accumulate things for themselves then an overthrow of the government that is suppressing them will be the result.

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