Action Research as Spiritual Practice

One of the interesting debates within the family of methods which we call action researchco-operative inquiry, participatory action research, action science, action inquiry, appreciative inquiryhas concerned what we mean by validity. Positivist science is (relatively) clear that validity is about epistemology, about truth in some sense, a correspondence between theory and empirical evidence. However, in … Read more

The Stroop Phenomenon

The stroop phenomenon is a way of measuring how automatic or intentional some well practised tasks are and how we respond in conflict situations. This phenomenon also measures individual distinctions, originality and cognitive flexibility. The two aspects of cognitive development that are demonstrated by the stroop task are naming response and counting response. When two … Read more