Evil and Immoral Characters in the Play “Othello” by William Shakespeare

“An evil person may be considered as somebody who condones bad or morally wrong activities that cause ruin, injury, misfortune or destruction” Brandon Johnson writes in. In the play “Othello” by William Shakespeare the character of Iago can be considered evil and immoral. Iago is a two faced cynical that only wants revenge and does … Read more

The Metaphor of Silence and Speech

Speech in Shakespeare’s “Othello” possesses a power beyond that of deeds’. It is Othello’s fantastical storytelling that won him Desdemona at the start, Iago’s poisonous suggestion that leads the general to murder his own wife, Emilia’s testimony that traps the villain in the end. Not all of this speech is true, and we will never … Read more

Silent and Complex Evil: based on Iago and Edmund

In both the tragedies of King Lear and Othello, the plot is affected by one character’s malicious actions, which exacerbate any tensions that are already inherent in the relationships between the characters. Iago in Othello and Edmund in King Lear both feel as though they have been passed over in favor of someone whom they … Read more

Sleep and Death in Homer’s Odyssey

In the Odyssey, Homer uses the idea of sleep to represent the idea of death, which makes the struggle to remain conscious and the struggle to remain alive one in the same struggle. Odysseus is constantly fighting to remain alert, to avoid monotony. It is this metaphorical insomnia that enables Odysseus to return to his … Read more

Style and the Concept of ‘Epic’ in The Odyssey

Previous tradition held that Homer, the ancient, blind poet who sang of a heroic age that was long past even in his own day, composed this magnificent poem. Contemporary literary theory disputes not only Homer’s claim to complete authority over the poems, but even the poet’s historical existence. However, regardless of its authorship The Odyssey … Read more

The Differences in the Motivations for Learning of Scout from Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird and Skeeter from Kathryn Stockett’s The Help

Scout from To Kill a Mockingbird and Skeeter from The Help both learn about the lives of people not in their own racial group, but they both have different motivations for learning. In the film The Help, Skeeter learns about the black community by interviewing black maids in Jackson for a book she is writing. … Read more

Sin and Salvation: A Spiritual Rebirth of the Characters

Sin and Salvation: A Spiritual Rebirth Sin is an inextricable force that entangles an individual who has committed a crime; only through confession can a man be free of his sin. In Crime and Punishment Dostoevsky manifests the evil and goodness of Raskolnikov, depicting the need for him to change—the need for the confession of … Read more

Novel Summary: 1984 by George Orwell

“ The novel “1984”, written by George Orwell is a fiction novel that takes place in the year 1984 in London, in the nation of Oceania. In the novel the ruling Party watches the citizens through telescreens, around the city there are posters with a face known as Big Brother with the text, “Big Brother … Read more

Changes of Human Mentality and Construction of the Physical Body: Diary of a Madman and Metamorphosis

Lu Xun and Kafka’s utilization of the physical body allows for the presentation of personal criticisms towards aspects of modernity and the social, political and economic changes of the movement. Modernity, due to its nature of bringing about change, encourages the development of thoughts and feelings across the ‘body’ of humanity, which in turn is … Read more

The Presence of Laughter in Hawthorne’s works

Within Nathaniel Hawthorne’s short stories “My Kinsman, Major Molineux” and “Young Goodman Brown,” the presence of laughter is used repeatedly across both narratives, often for dramatic effect, showcasing the act’s many facets and qualities. Most typically, laughter is associated with cheer or general happiness. It is an outwards expression of internal feeling, which usually establishes … Read more

The theme of morality and ethics in A Clockwork Orange

Many philosophers have believed for centuries that no intrinsic meaning exists in the universe. From this belief emerged many responses, including absurdism and existentialism. Although all are heavily influenced by the beliefs of Soren Kierkegaard, they have been developed further by the likes of Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus himself. Existentialism is the belief … Read more

Gender Roles in East of Eden

John Steinbeck’s East of Eden was published in the 1950’s, a time when having a large family was a virtue and a source of comfort. Given the devastating psychological effects of World Wars I and II and the growing fear of the Cold War, people sought out a sense of calmness. This desire for comfort … Read more

Virtue in Shakespeare’s The Tempest

At first glance, the ending of Shakespeare’s The Tempest appears to be stable, to have reconciled Prospero with his estranged brother and to demonstrate virtuous behavior on the part of Prospero. Indeed, one critic noted that Prospero’s “capacity for compassion and forgiveness” amounts to his “primary worth” (Hunt 69). Brian Sutton, however, acknowledges that “enough … Read more

Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness

Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness is a dark and mysterious tale, with complex themes and characters. One of the major characters of this tale, Kurtz, does not appear until the near-end of the story. Yet, he has a significance presence and manages to remain in the mind of the reader. He influences the development of … Read more

An Analysis of Literacy and Power in Animal Farm, a Book by George Orwell

George Orwell’s Animal Farm exemplifies the influence of literacy on power, and draws a direct relationship between the two, attributing the novel’s leaders’ rise to power due to their abilities to read and write. Using manipulation, propaganda, vague language, and misinformation, the pigs were able to control the farm and it’s affairs, establishing the significance … Read more

The Awakening – An Antifeminist Novel

A woman sits alone in her empty living room, overtaken by an unbearable ennui. She sits cross-legged, with one elbow propped up on the faded, beige armrest, and the other resting on her thigh. She sighs with exasperation as she patiently awaits her children’s arrival from school. She understands her role all too well, and … Read more

Candide From A Feminist Point Of View

If the entire world were experiencing hardship, one is forced to wonder, would it be equal? If the entire world were experiencing joy, one is forced to wonder, would it be equal? If the entire world were to experience any one specific event–any one specific feeling, emotion, or urge–would it be equal? Often, feminism is … Read more

The Influence of Edgar Allan Poe’s Predecessors on His Work

It is, arguably, a fallacy to use the word ‘influence’ when considering how Poe developed the Gothic genre in his own literature in light of his predecessors. The overtones of ‘derivation’ in the word risk unfairly discrediting the influence that Poe himself had on the genre. It should not be forgotten that Poe is widely … Read more

Rereading The Scarlet Letter as a Proto-Feminist Text

The Scarlet Letter, perhaps the most notable work of prodigious American author Nathaniel Hawthorne, was first published in 1850 and has since been subject to a plethora of literary criticisms, including those from psychoanalytic, new historical, and reader-response perspectives. In each of their articles, scholars Jamie Barlowe, Jesse F. Battan, and Suzan Last aptly choose … Read more

Hawthorne’s Ideology in The Scarlet Letter

In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne creates a division between the truth and a Puritan society tainted by hypocrisy. Such a division existed in Hawthorne’s life as well. Born into a historically Puritan family, Hawthorne developed an obsession with his Salemite ancestors as well as guilt for their role in the witch trials. As Hawthorne … Read more

Heavy Symbolism and the Characterization of the Narrator in Hawthorne’s The Minister’s Black Veil and Poe’s The Cask of Amontillado

Both stories, The Minister’s Black Veil, written by Nathaniel Hawthorne, and The Cask of Amontillado, written by Edgar Allan Poe, are both known to be examples of gothic horror from the 19th century. While both stories were written within the same time period and are of the same genre, they differ from one another. Writing … Read more

Wuthering Heights Story

Wuthering Heights is the story of Catherine and Heathcliff. It’s a complicated story of love and passion, with moments of revenge and the supernatural. It begins with a man named Lockwood whois search of renting a home in Thrushcross Grange. He takes a visit to see his landlord, who’s home is a perfect representation of … Read more

Character Symbolization In The Short Story “The Lottery”, By Shirley Jackson

The Lottery Character Symbolization When one reads a story they often look for character development, traits, and symbolization to help them better understand the context. In the short story “The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson, she helps the reader better understand the story by using vast character symbolization through the characters of Tessie Hutchison, Old Man … Read more

The Symbolism of Contracting Light and Darkness

The Bible states “God saw light was good, and he separated the light from darkness.” Though light and dark are separated in Romeo in Juliet, they have entirely different connotations. The presence of light turns the characters belligerent, while darkness pacifies them. Light imagery indicates aggressiveness, impatience, and danger. For example, when Friar Lawrence speaks … Read more

Condolence for Willy Loman

Arthur Miller’s “Death of a Salesman” is a domestic tragedy that centres around the dysfunctional Loman family, most notably Willy Loman – a failed salesman so captivated by the American Dream and his desire to be a good father that it ultimately leads to his suicide. However, Miller’s tragic character is quite different from the … Read more

Getting in Touch with the Feminine Side

In 1937, upon the first publication of Their Eyes Were Watching God, the most influential black writer of his time, Richard Wright, stated that the novel icarries no theme, no message, [and] no thought.i Wrightis powerful critique epitomized a nationis attitude toward Zora Neale Hurstonis second novel. African-American critics read a book that they felt … Read more

Dr. Faustus Act 1, Scene 1: Analysis of Context

In Act 1 Scene 1, Marlowe continues to subtly parody the structure of a typical Aristotelian tragedy, following the Chorus’ unusual introduction with a seemingly orthodox dialogue from the protagonist, Dr Faustus. However, he does not interact with the Chorus as would be expected, and his soliloquy openly dismisses Aristotle, further revealing Marlowe’s intent to … Read more

Deception, Delusion and the Danger of Half-Perceived Truths

It has often been said that “the clothes make the man.” It could never seem truer than in Twelfth Night where disguises and mistaken identities run the gamut of use. The identity of people, things and ideas are swept away under the facade of something more convenient for the given time or occasion. Viola’s disguise, … Read more

The flaws of Blanche and why she ultimately failed

In Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire, despite Blanche Dubois’ desire to start fresh in New Orleans, her condescending nature, inability to act appropriately on her desires, and denial of reality all lead to her downfall. Blanche believes that her upper class roots put her above the “commoners” she spends the summer with, which gives … Read more

Genre Analysis of the Canterbury Tales: The Reeve and the Miller

The Miller and Reeve’s Tales of Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales, while being intricately crafted examples of the French genre fabliaux, differ significantly in both progression, resolution, as well as the tales’ overall connotation and voice. While the Miller’s tale seems to follow the more traditional, “good humored” nature of the fabliaux, the Reeve creates a raunchy … Read more

An Analysis of Power, Authority and Truth in Antigone, a Play by Sophocles

Antigone: an analysis on Power, Authority and Truth In Sophocles’ play Antigone, Kreon, the warrior King may overrule Antigone, a mere woman’s, struggle for political power, but can he match Antigone’s resistance in a fight for political authority? Political power in a state rises from the presence of a force that exerts dominance. The public’s … Read more

Does Faulkner Present Darl as a Character or Narrator?

William Faulkner’s As I Lay Dying tells the story of the Bundren family when the matriarch of the family dies. Faulkner alternates perspectives between each member of the family and their neighbors. While most characters focus on their thoughts around Addie’s death, Darl Bundren is more aware of his surroundings. He focuses on appearances and … Read more

Selfhood vs. Submission in “Bartleby, the Scrivener”

In Lois Lowry’s award winning novel “The Giver,” the main character, Jonas, wonders incredulously, “How could someone not fit in? The community was so meticulously ordered, the choices so carefully made” (Lowry 48). Jonas is referring to the community in which he lives, a controlled society void of fear, pain, and burden. Conformity ensures security, … Read more

Dry september as depicted in Chronicles of a death foretold

Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s Chronicle of a Death Foretold and William Faulkner’s “Dry September” are very similar to each other structurally and thematically, despite being separated by fifty years and a regional and linguistic barrier. They both use nonlinear story-telling to unravel tales of a wrongful murder. However, beyond this surface similarity, further analyses of the … Read more

Deconstructing the Old Style of Writing in "A Mother"

James Joyce’s A Mother is a short story based around the life of Mrs. Kearney, a strong-willed woman whose breach of convention results in the destruction of her acclaimed reputation. Joyce’s linguistic use of naturalism, modernism, and feminism, exemplifies the “paralysis”[1] of Dublin’s rigid societal conventions. It further reiterates the gender divisions that existed. The … Read more

Death Penalty Dilemma

The dilemma of whether or not the Death Penalty is ethical is major problem facing society today. The death penalty is given to those who commit crimes deemed by society and government as deserving the infliction of death with crimes such as murder earning this punishment. A widely controversial subject, the death penalty is a … Read more

Why the Sounds of Piano Are Crucial to the Play “Hedda Gabler”

In Jane Austen’s Persuasion, Lady Russell convinces Anne not to marry Frederick Wentworth as she finds him unworthy of Anne. Similarly, in Hedda Gabler, Hedda herself conceals her knowledge of and destroys Eilert’s manuscript in order to end his and Thea’s relationship. Involving oneself in other’s affairs can satisfy one’s desire for control. However, this … Read more