As an exposition in the drama – partly also in novels – the effective introduction of the spectator or the reader is called. This means that the addressee (viewer, reader, listener) explains the basic mood, initial situation, conflicts and states as well as information about the place, the time and the persons of the work. Consequently, all the information relevant to the understanding of the following piece will be given to the addressee in the exposure. In the classical drama, exposure is involved in the first act, culminating in the exciting moment that builds the dramatic conflict. Basically, the exposure can also continue for the whole piece and then means all the moments of the drama, which contribute to the understanding of a starting point that is present in time.
The term is derived from the Latin noun expoisitio, which can be translated with a representation. Originally the term meant the content of a work, later was used synonymously to the Prolog. Subsequently, since approximately the 16th century, the term means the effective introduction of the viewer into the dramatic situation in order to provide all the information necessary for understanding.
The exposure can appear in various forms. Possible proletarians who are involved in the action are possible. The Prolog can be a dialog of two or more actors, or a monologue of a single figure, where people, place and time of the action are fixed. Also conceivable is a prelude, that is, a brief, explanatory and introductory scene or everything worth knowing is said by the figures in the first act. This can be realized by dialogues or monologues of the actors. Monologue can connect individual elements of the drama.
The above picture illustrates the basic structure of a classical drama. In the exposition, which is typically the first act, all essential information is shared with the addressee (reader, listener, viewer), in order to immediately build up the tension (cf excitatory moment) culminating in the climax, then falls again (cf. , And then retardation (retardation) and ultimately end in disaster. The comedy ran into a happy ending (cf.