Civil Disobedience in the Arguments of Henry David Thoreau, Martin Luther King, Jr., and Socrates

Selfish Disobedience? Civil disobedience can be defined in a number of different ways: in its most raw form, “civil disobedience is the refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest because of moral objections to said laws”. While Henry David Thoreau was the first … Read more

The Concept And Evolution Of Machizukuri From Social Movement To “Soft-Infrastructure” Of City Level

Civil society engagements are important in city planning as their role seen to comprehend and fill the gap of society needs. As the purpose of urban or city planning is for society sustainability, the idea of participatory approach could answer the challenge of what should be provided and how. The community-based activities are deeply rooted … Read more

Destructive Leadership

Social movements are constantly developing across the globe, taking countless forms, and promoting numerous causes. Social movements are defined as “collectivities of people who are engaged in trying to create or resist social change.” (1) While there are many different types of social movements, their success is related to the extent to which individuals and … Read more

An Essay on The Second American Revolution

In the period between 1860 and 1890, the government and society of the United States experienced what some historians call “The Second American Revolution” (Foner, Brief 4th ed, p 417). The Civil War and Reconstruction transformed a “union” into a “nation,” shifted an agrarian society toward an industrial society in the North, and reinterpreted the … Read more

The Many Rhetorical Devices Used by the Pro-Choice Women Right’s Movement of the 20th Century

The Pro-Choice and Women’s Rights movement of the late 20th Century was founded due to inadequate medical treatment for women, often leading to infection or death as the result of a poorly executed, illegal abortion. The rhetoric employed by the Pro-Choice movement to combat widespread, undue government interference with personal liberties relies on several arguments: … Read more

A Critical Analysis of Civil Disobedience, an Essay by Henry David Thoreau

In his Essay, “Civil Disobedience”, Henry David Thoreau argues that society functions the most efficiently when it is not ruled by an overpowering monarch, or by a strong central government, but by the people, essentially having self-reliant peoples that do not necessarily need a government, per se, yet are able to call upon it in … Read more

Bloody Sunday 1972

On the afternoon of Sunday the 30th of January 1972 soldiers from the British Parachute Regiment, one of the fearsome UK militia units fighting the battle in the north of Ireland, attacked a civil rights march in the town of Derry, killing or fatally wounding fourteen civilians and injuring two dozen more in an event … Read more

The Negritude Movement in France

Negritude was both a literary and ideological movement led by French speaking black writer’s intellectuals from France colonies in Africa and the Caribbean. The movement is marked by its rejection of European colonization and its rule in the African diaspora, pride in ‘blackness’ and traditional African values and culture mixed with an undercurrent of Marxists … Read more