Report on Ivan Pavlov

Ivan Pavlov was the first psychologist to use the term, “Classical Conditioning”. He came about this phenomenon while studying the secretion of stomach acids and salivation in dogs in response to the ingestion of different kinds of food. His study showed that the mere sight of the food bowl, or the person who brought the … Read more

Contributions to psychology: Judith Lewis Herman and Sigmund Freud

In creating psychoanalysis, Freud developed therapeutic techniques such as the use of free association and discovered transference, establishing its central role in the analytic process. Freud’s redefinition of sexuality to include its infantile forms led him to formulate the Oedipus complex as the central tenet of psychoanalytical theory. His analysis of dreams as wish-fulfillments provided … Read more

Howard Gardner’s theory

Howard Gardner is an American developmental psychologist, he thinks that the conventional definitions of intelligence are too narrow. He admits that a general aspect of intelligence exists but does not believe it’s’ efficacy in explaining an individual’s performance in a particular situation. According to his view people have eight different abilities, also known as multiple … Read more

A Study Of The Preoperational Stage Of Child Development By Jean Piaget

Jean Piaget, a Swiss cognitive theorist who believed that children’s learning depends on reinforcements, such as rewards from adults. According to his cognitive- developmental theory, children actively construct knowledge as they explore their world (Berk, 2008). Piaget separated cognitive development into 4 main stages which he called Sensorimotor, Pre-Operational, Concrete Operational and Formal Operational. According … Read more

Carl Jung Vs Sigmund Freud: A Comparison Of Psychodynamic Theories Of Personalities

Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung both author two separate Psychodynamic Theories of Personality. While former colleagues and even close friends at one time, differences related to their studies led to a falling out. After Jung and Freud’s split, Jung spoke about being in a suffocating atmosphere when it came to working with Freud (Williams, 1963). … Read more

Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory vs Eric Erikson’s Psychosocial Development Theory

Jean Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory Jean considered himself a genetic epistemologist that focus on “How we come to know.” Piaget theory proposed by various stages of a child where transition from one stage to the other follows a sequence. While some of his ideas have been supported through more correlational and experimental methodologies, others have … Read more

Freud’s Impact on 1984

In his treatise Civilization and Its Discontents, Freud makes an interesting statement about advanced society. He argues that “the price of progress in civilization is paid in forfeiting happiness through the heightening of the sense of guilt,” to defend his argument that guilt is becoming an issue in modern cultures (Civilization 35). In George Orwell’s … Read more

‘Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress’ Psychoanalytic-Marxist Analysis of Luo

In Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress by Dai Sijie, Luo’s attempt to re-educate the Little Seamstress is indicative of his own participation in the class struggle. This protagonist projects his own desire to be a member of the more sophisticated ‘upper-class’ in his education of the Little Seamstress. However, the end results of Luo’s … Read more

The ID and the Superego

Each section of the three parts of the mind develops at a particular age, first to develop is the ID. When a baby is born, it’s mind is bombarded with instinctual drives which are collectively called the ID. The ID only wants its desires fulfilled, and works on the pleasure principle where only pleasure is … Read more

The Uncanny and Diagnosis of Mr. Ripley: A Freudian Approach

Patricia Highsmith, the author of The Talented Mr. Ripley, portrays a protagonist on the precipice of insanity. Mr. Ripley shows many qualities of a person with borderline personality disorder, or more commonly called: a psychopath. A book titled, The Mask of Sanity by Hervey Cleckley, addresses multiple symptoms of borderline personality disorder, many of which … Read more

The structural portion of Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud

The structural portion of Psychoanalytic theory by Sigmund Freud, attempts to explain how the unconscious mind function with three distinct components, namely id, ego and superego and how the conflict between two of the three component could give rise to Marilyn’s behaviours when her phobia of the dark is activated. The maintenance of Marilyn’s behaviour … Read more

The Freud’s Dream Theory

Sigmund Freud says that “a dream is a disguised fulfillment of a repressed wish”. What he means is that every dream represents a wish fulfillment. Dreams represent the imaginary fulfillment of a wish or impulse in early childhood, before such wishes have been repressed. The dream images represent the unconscious wishes or thought disguised through … Read more