"The Jungle" Analysis

The novel The Jungle by Upton Sinclair narrates the life story of Jurgis and the tortures and destruction that he suffers since his arrival to Chicago with his family. Throughout the story, Sinclair describes the cruelties that Jurgis and his family faces in this capitalist country. Sinclair, in depth, shows the drawbacks of capitalism through … Read more

Masculinity In The Brief Wondrous Life Of Oscar Wao

Throughout the novel, The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao, written by Junot Diaz, sex and masculinity is the vital element in being a Dominican male. Dominican males according to Yunior, the narrator of the novel, is someone who has power and pizzazz, dominates women, controls female sexuality through physical violence and verbal aggression and … Read more

Parenting and Poetic Technique in “My Father’s Song” by Simon J. Ortiz and “Those Winter Sundays by Robert Hayden

The poem “My Father’s Song” is based on the wisdom and values, as well as traditions passed from old generation to new one. The speaker uses his life experience between him and his father to depict the variation of values and traditions between the old and new generation. In emphasizing his theme, the writer has … Read more

Fight Club: Trying to Find Your Real Self

Chuck Palahniuk’s Fight Club is an anarchic, pessimistic novel that portrays the need for identity in life and Palahniuk explains, through the narrator’s personality disorder, that the desire for meaning is the sole internal motivation of civilization. In the narrator’s speech throughout the novel, Palahniuk describes how a death without identity is the worst possible … Read more

"Shame" by Dick Gregory

The excerpt entitled “Shame” by means of Dick Gregory paints a correct photograph of the lifestyles of a typical black infant, and how his circle of relatives struggled just to continue to exist. Gregory remembers a time in his existence when he was in essential faculty and the primary time he felt “shame” in his … Read more

"The Scarlet Ibis" by James Hurst

The Scarlet Ibis is a heartbreaking story by James Hurst about two brothers; one brother is physically fit (narrator), while the other is physically disabled (Doodle). The story focuses on the idea that the older brother’s greediness, arrogance, and self-consciousness led to the death of his younger brother. To help us draw and anticipate Doodle’s … Read more

Matsu and Kenzo

Yin and Yang is the idea of creating balance in the universe. While one side represents good, the other represents evil and when both sides are balanced, one achieves perfect harmony. The two sides fit together perfectly, each conjoined to the other. In Gail Tsukiyama’s novel, The Samurai’s Garden, the idea of yin and yang, … Read more

“Her Darling One Wish would be Heard”: How Dramatic Monologue Illustrates Distorted Rationality in “Porphyria’s Lover” and “My Last Duchess”

Of the consequences of maintaining an obsessive nature, its ability to cloud rational judgements and encourage humanity to surrender to his darkest, innermost impulses serves as one of its most tragic aspects. Robert Browning explores this concept through his poems “Porphyria’s Lover” and “My Last Duchess.” Following the entry of Porphyria into the narrator’s cottage … Read more

The Poetry of Charles Simic: Simplicity Sings

Charles Simic’s poetry specializes in illustrating the profound within the mundane. Simic was born in Belgrade, Yugoslavia in 1938 (Ford). He is of Serbian descent. Naturally, his early life was dominated by the Nazi period. While of much Simic’s work derives from this time (Ford), he often explores the legacies of such a totalizing war … Read more

Ezra Pound’s View of the ‘World of Men’ in the Sargasso Sea

In “Portrait D’une Femme”, Ezra Pound contrasts the female inclination towards fragmentation, inertia and subservience with the corresponding male characteristics of spontaneity, wholeness, and dominance in an effort to underscore the threat posed by women who seek to drag the “man’s world” down into the depths of a cultural Sargasso Sea. However, Pound also recognizes … Read more

Repurcussion of Exploitation of Power as depicted in 1984 and Metropolis

Intertextual perspectives of personal and political ideals are often shared by composers, regardless of forms and contexts, due to controversial periods of history causing the historical paradigms to resonate with audiences. Fritz Lang’s film Metropolis released in 1927 and George Orwell’s satiric novel ‘1984’ composed in 1948, address concerning ideas such as totalitarian power and … Read more

The violence and volatile power

Power exists in many forms: weapons, threats, size, and even words. Amidst the violence and volatile power that exists between Israel and Palestine, Mahmoud Darwish attempts to influence people’s feelings through his poetry. In Darwish’s politically charged poems, he utilizes a combination of common symbols familiar to both Jewish and Arab peoples, and carefully chosen … Read more

The Evils of Religion and the Dark Side of Humanity Potrayed in A House of Doom

In a rather prophetic statement about a doomed family residing in an ancestral home, where the curse of the father becomes the curse of the children, Hawthorne writes in The House of the Seven Gables, “Ambition is a talisman more powerful than witchcraft” (209). For this second novel, Hawthorne shifts from the puritanical to the … Read more

Human Weakness in The Screwtape Letters

Throughout history there have been no shortages of western Christian writers. In a field so competitive, only those who have created work that is theologically influential are remembered by the masses. Martin Luther is remembered for crafting the 95 theses, a simple list of demands that sparked a divide between Protestantism and Catholicism. Dante Alighieri … Read more

Character Symbolization In The Short Story “The Lottery”, By Shirley Jackson

The Lottery Character Symbolization When one reads a story they often look for character development, traits, and symbolization to help them better understand the context. In the short story “The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson, she helps the reader better understand the story by using vast character symbolization through the characters of Tessie Hutchison, Old Man … Read more

"Highly Illogical Behavior" Response

In the book “Highly Illogical Behavior” by John Whaley, some of the central conflicts the characters faced were mental illness, one’s questionable plan and love triangle. It all starts out with a teenage boy named Solomon Reed, who suffers from agoraphobia, the fear of any type of predicaments, due to an unfortunate event that happened … Read more

Go Tell It on the Mountain: Question of Who Is More Moral a Saint or a ‘Sodomite’

In James Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain, religion functions not only as form of worship but also as a covert site of sexual expression. In the novel’s opening chapters, Baldwin often characterizes religious worship in language that borders on the erotic. This undermines the popular conception of sexuality as detached from and even … Read more

Alcohol Addiction in The Drunkard Novel

Guy de Maupassant’s “The Drunkard” story illustrates that alcohol abuse is dangerous; after taking excessive alcohol, Jeremie engages in various regrettable actions. For example, Jeremie murders Melina, the wife, in cold blood. Further, Jeremie insults Mathurin, a benefactor, for no apparent reason. Moreover, Jeremie falls into a ditch from where he has to be retrieved. … Read more

Validity in Interpretation: Merging Experience and Spirits in “The Screwtape Letters”

“And anyway, why should the creature be happy?Your affectionate uncle,Screwtape” (Lewis 41). In the preface to The Screwtape Letters, author and Christian apologist C.S. Lewis essentially clarifies the target audience of the work: “There are two equal and opposite errors into which our race can fall about the devils. One is to disbelieve in their … Read more

Questioning of Traditional Gender Roles in The Company of Wolves

“Little Red Riding Hood” can be viewed as one of the most popular and famous bedtime fairytales. Based on the original counterpart, Angela Carter remolds this story by adding sexual elements through her work “The Company of Wolves”, in which the narrator describes the red of the heroine’s cape, which resembles “blood on snow” and … Read more

Shifting Identities: Racial Conflict in No-No Boy

John Okada’s No-No Boy illustrates the racial conflicts between the Japanese-American community and American popular culture as well as differing views on assimilation among Japanese-Americans themselves. Kenji, who suffers from a fatal wound sustained fighting for the U.S. in World War II, represents a sort of embodiment of the tensions between Japanese and American identity. … Read more

Analyzing “Fin Amors” in Fountain of Love and the Book of the Duchess

Fin amors, or refined loving is a staple within medieval literature. Showcasing the romantic relationships of noblemen, fin amors expresses the struggles and games that are played between a man and woman during courtship. Similar to unrequited love, fin amors focuses itself around women holding the power in a relationship, and therefore remaining aloof to … Read more

Carpe Diem: Wooing Lovers during the Renaissance (A Close Reading of Poetry)

Christopher Marlowe’s “The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” and Andrew Marvell’s “To his Coy Mistress” offer powerful examples of sensual, carpe diem Renaissance poetry. In both poems, the poet-speakers attempt to spur their beloveds into action through various compliments and rhythmic patterns that create a hurried tone. However, the speakers’ tactics diverge at this point. … Read more

The Chocolate War

The Chocolate War addresses manipulation, fear and ethics throughout the 1970’s in which the book was set around. Throughout the novel, through the use of characters, Robert Cormier portrays both sides of the two major themes manipulation and fear. The novel presents an understanding of the problems that go on in day to day school … Read more

A Leader to Lead Them All: Hazel and El-ahrairah

In the novel Watership Down, Hazel, leader of the Sandleford Warren escaped rabbits, demonstrates many ways in which he is similar to the bunny-famous mythological hero “El-ahrairah”. To rabbit-kind, El-ahrairah is a rolemodel, a leader and an inspiration. To the Watership Down rabbits, Hazel is whom they look to when decisions need to be made … Read more

What N. Hawthorne Meant in His Novel The Bithedale Romance

Nathaniel Hawthorne’s novel The Blithedale Romance is an extremely enigmatic text. Due to its highly complicated and confusing plot, as well as its somewhat unreliable narrative, it is difficult–and some theorists would say impossible–to determine its final, definitive meaning. In order to create a definitive reading of the text, some theorists, such as Sacvan Bercovitch … Read more

"Ivanhoe" by Sir Walter Scott

Ivanhoe is a historical novel by Sir Walter Scott, first published in 1820 in three volumes and subtitled A Romance. At the time it was written it represented a shift by Scott away from fairly realistic novels set in Scotland in the comparatively recent past, to a somewhat fanciful depiction of medieval England. It has … Read more

The Connection between the Natural Scene and the Speaker’s State of Mind in William Wordsworth’s “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud”

William Wordsworth’s “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” is a lyric poem, which deals with the speaker’s state of mind. The description of the process, which the speaker goes through, is represented by a natural scene where the speaker, plants and the surroundings become united. The poem is written in a figurative language, combining images, … Read more

How Social Deviancy Shaped the West in Bret Harte’s Fiction

Bret Harte’s fiction contributed largely to the development of the Western as a literary genre. One of the earliest authors to fictionalize the American West, he spun humorous yarns depicting the offbeat gamblers, prostitutes, miners, and outright outlaws of 1850s California. These social deviants take central roles in his short stories: “The Luck of Roaring … Read more