Subverting Romance and Sexuality in “Goblin Market” and “No, Thank You, John”

In Literary Theory: The Basics, H. Bertens asserts that even in the works of culturally and sexually liberal male writers such as D.H Lawrence and Henry Miller, male characters are “denigrating, exploitative, and repressive in their relations with women.” In the poems Goblin Market and No, Thank You, John, Christina Rossetti subverts the idea that … Read more

Relationships, Marriage, and Complexity in The Namesake

Within The Namesake, Lahiri presents the relationship between men and women as heavily shaped by their environment, heritage and socio-economic background. The relationship between the Ratliffs, Maxine’s parents, Gerald and Lydia, is directly juxtaposed against the relationship of Ashoke and Ashima as being more loving and physically affectionate, due to the Western culture they have … Read more

“Doubt” by John Patrick Shanley’s

In John Patrick Shanley’s parable “Doubt” he introduces Father Flynn as a loved and talented priest, while introducing Sister Aloysius as a stern, intolerant, disciplinary of St. Nicholas Church School. Father Flynn’s character becomes in doubt when Sister Aloysius makes allegations that Father Flynn had forced an inappropriate relationship on Donald Muller, the first black … Read more

“The Call of Cthulhu” by H.P. Lovecraft

Cthulhu is a monstrous entity created by H.P. Lovecraft, his creation was first introduced in his short story, “The Call of Cthulhu”, published in American pulp magazine, Weird Tales in 1928. Considered a Great Old One of great power that lies in a slumber mimicking the characteristics of death deep beneath the Pacific Ocean, hidden … Read more

Life and Death in "Dubliners" by James Joyce

Much of Dubliners revolves around the weary contemplation of mortality, the apex of which appears in the novel’s endpiece, “The Dead,” which serves as the perfect counterpart to “The Sisters,” bookending the collection of stories with a cyclic emphasis on the intersection between life and death, recapitulating the central recurring themes of poverty, political division, … Read more

"Miss Brill" by Katherine Mansfield

The central theme of the short piece Miss Brill by Katherine Mansfield is the pain of loneliness and undeniable attempts people who are alone make to live their lives vicariously and insidiously through others and the environment around them. Rather than finding company through interaction with others the lonely among us uncover fulfillment by experiencing … Read more

Dueling Narrators: Exploring Narrative Distance in Tracks

For a novel rife with references often complicated for non-native readers to understand, the narrative discord created within Tracks between Pauline and Nanapush only complicates the reading further. The variations in distance between the narrators and the characters, the narrators and the reader, and the narrators themselves work to create a dynamic that encourages the … Read more

Frankenstein: Robert Walton

In Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein, the novel is the view of Robert Walton. Walton uses his letters during his journey on the Pacific Ocean to allow the reader to understand the tragedy of both the Monster and Frankenstein from an unbiased perspective, giving mankind a ray of hope as being kind compassionate.Both men, even though they … Read more

The Purpose of Lyric Poetry as Illustrated in William Meredith’s poem “The Illiterate”

Rhetoric in The Illiterate Gregerson’s article “Rhetorical Contract in the Lyric Poem” expounds upon the purpose of lyric poetry. She posits that there is a relationship between the reader and the speaker that extends beyond utilitarian or surface purposes, claiming that a contract forms between these two parties. Throughout the article, Gregerson applies the notions … Read more

Memory and Recollection in Rebecca: A Close Reading

Daphne du Maurier’s gothic romance novel Rebecca touches on a young woman, who remains unnamed throughout the novel, and her self-inflicted life of misery. Being recently married into a high social class, the protagonist, Mrs. De Winter, faces internal and external struggles with her new surroundings. She must deal with her husband, Maxim, continually showing … Read more

The Humbling of Humanity Through Extraterrestrial Intervention: An Unlikely Utopia in Childhood’s End

When the Overlords in Arthur C. Clarke’s novel Childhood’s End descend over mankind, humanity is immediately awestruck and completely humbled by their scientific and technological prowess. As the Overlords become more active in human society and affairs, their intelligence and pure ability to easily accomplish every human goal completely humbles humanity. Humans no longer consider … Read more

Analysis of “A Nation’s Strength” by Ralph Waldo Emerson in the Context of National Consciousness

Poetry is arguably the most democratized art form. It is written by the common man, for the common man. As a result, it becomes an effective medium to express sentiments of nationalism which lie in the deep consciousness of the ordinary man, but are not directly expressed. Identification with a piece of poetry which is … Read more

Describing the Indescribable in Christabel

How do we describe an emotion? Happiness, sadness, and fear, all simply words which we tie to certain “feelings,” observable by bodily functions — flushed cheeks, tears, goosebumps, the production and distribution of certain hormones. As humans our emotions manifest as art, but when the chosen medium is through language, how accurate are our descriptions … Read more

Hulk and Point of View in “The Tiger’s Bride”

What attributes qualify someone, or something, as a monster? Despite the fact that the answer to this subjective query fluctuates immensely among individual persons, for centuries we have attempted to construct a universal definition of the word ‘monster’. The Oxford English Dictionary (1884) illustrates man’s inability to produce such a designation through its inclusion of … Read more

Eating Crow: Analyzing Biblical Imagery in the Life and Songs of Ted Hughes’s Crow Poems

Ted Hughes’s book, Crow: From the Life and Songs of the Crow, is a collection of 67 disturbingly dark poems that explore the evil aspects of life, and human tendency towards violence. The book, dedicated to Hughes’s dead second wife Assia Wevill and his daughter Shura, was published in 1972, three years after their deaths. … Read more