How does Carol Anne Duffy present the theme of gender in Litany and Havisham?

Duffy presents gender in the poems Litany and Havisham through society’s views and expectations of women, and the effects it has on them show how being female was harmful to their wellbeing. Litany creates an example of the ideal, successful woman. The reference to the brand ‘American Tan’ creates the image of all-American women – … Read more

The Intertextuality of Carol Ann Duffy’s “Salome”

“Salome” is a poem taken from Carol Ann Duffy’s collection of poems The World’s Wife; most of the poems share a common feature: a historically marginalized narrator retelling the story from personal perspective. Salome’s character originally appeared in the New Testament and over the centuries many novels and paintings focused on Salome and the legend … Read more

How does Carol Anne Duffy present the theme of gender in Litany and Havisham?

Duffy presents gender in the poems Litany and Havisham through society’s views and expectations of women, and the effects it has on them show how being female was harmful to their wellbeing. Litany creates an example of the ideal, successful woman. The reference to the brand ‘American Tan’ creates the image of all-American women – … Read more

Duffy’s Perspective on Religion in “Confession” and “Prayer”

The poet Carol Anne Duffy presents two different attitudes towards religion in her poems “Prayer” and “Confession.” In “Prayer,” Duffy contemplates how, in the absence of organised religion, comfort can instead be found in ordinary, prosaic occurrences. These usually insignificant experiences instead become a source of consolation for the unknown people discussed in the poem. … Read more

The Map as a Metaphor

In the poem ‘The Map Woman’, Carol Ann Duffy uses the extended metaphor of a map being printed on a woman’s body to explore ideas surrounding hometowns, childhood and nostalgia. This is immediately introduced in the first line where the reader learns that ‘A woman’s skin was the map of the town where she’d grown … Read more

The Intertextuality of Carol Ann Duffy’s “Salome”

“Salome” is a poem taken from Carol Ann Duffy’s collection of poems The World’s Wife; most of the poems share a common feature: a historically marginalized narrator retelling the story from personal perspective. Salome’s character originally appeared in the New Testament and over the centuries many novels and paintings focused on Salome and the legend … Read more

“After I no longer speak”; A Message on the Impact of the Holocaust in “Shooting Stars”

Humans inflict suffering on other humans and when events are forgotten, they are repeated. In the poem “Shooting Stars,” Carol Ann Duffy tells a shocking story of a female prisoner held by Nazis in a concentration camp around the time of the Holocaust. This is a poem in which human suffering is being actively portrayed. … Read more