The Republic: Plato’s Unspoken Defense of Socrates

Plato’s Republic utilizes a political approach to answer what is essentially a moral question. In attempting to identify justice in the individual, Socrates takes an unmistakable turn toward the direction of political philosophy, describing the formation of his ideal city Kallipolis. It can hardly be disputed that the ideal state described by Socrates in Plato’s … Read more

Aristotle courage

Courage and justice have been two highly discussed values throughout the semester, and in this essay I will seek to connect the two together as well as relating the ideas in accordance with Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics, The Illiad, and The Epic of Gilgamesh. According to the dictionary, courage is defined as “the quality of mind … Read more

The Concepts of Immortality and Reproduction in Plato’s Perspective on Love

Not in entire forgetfulness, And not in utter nakedness, But trailing clouds of glory do we come From God, who is our home. – William Wordsworth, Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood, 62-65 Though Plato died nearly 2500 years ago, the English language still keeps his definition of love in common usage. … Read more

Metacognition as a powerful phenomenon

Metacognitive awareness is based on the notion of metacognition. The word Metacognition has its root in the Greek word ‘Meta’ which means going behind and is used to denote the concept which is an abstraction behind another concept. Generally, Metacognition is referred to as “cognition about Cognition” or “thinking about thinking”. But it’s just a … Read more

The Understanding of Self-Love of Humans

Aristotle asks good human beings to be self-lovers, devoting special attention to virtue’s most fundamental groundwork. With all individual actions, it is the intellect which must determine the course of proper morality and strength of character; the path of right action elucidated in Nicomachean Ethics thus grounds itself in that personal aim for moral excellence. … Read more

Analysis of Pausanias’ and Socrates’ Speeches in Plato’s ‘Symposium’

In Plato’s Symposium, Socrates’ eulogy, though delivered with the stated intent of praising love, is not truly about love at all. Instead, Socrates claims that the typical definition of love does not exist and instead praises wisdom. In saying that love is desire, and that you cannot want what you already have, Socrates asserts that … Read more

Bilingualism is a natural phenomenon worldwide

Bilingualism is a natural phenomenon worldwide. Unwittingly, however, monolingualism has been used as a standard to characterize and define bilingualism and multilingualism in linguistic research. Such a conception led to a “fractional” “irregular” and “distorted” view of bilingualism, which is becoming rapidly outmoded in the light of multipronged, rapidly growing interdisciplinary research. Other central concepts … Read more

The Conformity Concept In Mark Twain’s Corn-Pone Opinions And Henry David Thoreau’s Life Without Principle

To Conform or Not Conform… In both Mark Twain’s, Corn¬pone Opinions, and Henry David Thoreau’s, Life Without Principle, humanity is questioned by acknowledging that self-approval comes from making your thoughts conform with the majority’s belief system. Mark Twain has always been a keen observer of human nature. For example, he wrote about those people who … Read more

A Research on the Online Dating Phenomenon

Online dating is an increasingly common way to meet potential romantic partners in this increasingly technological age. Many online dating websites, such as OKCupid.com, use questions users answer to statistically match them with other users they would be compatible with, and display compatibility percentages or “match percentages” next to each profile a user encounters. These … Read more

The Metaphor of the Cave

Plato introduces his famous allegory of the cave with the phrase, “like this:” thus establishing that the passage is structured as a metaphor, and therefore must be read both as a figurative description and a symbolic representation of a concrete state of being (VII:514). He also emphasizes that the reader must “imagine,” a command that … Read more

Is Utopia Possible? Analyzing Plato’s Republic

With the goal of creating the perfect society, the utopia of Plato’s Republic rather presents a dystopia that enforces the marginalization of the individual. Plato believes a strict regulation that constricts independence and individuality makes it possible for citizens to live simple and peaceful lives. Because Plato views freedom as a threat of gaining unnecessary … Read more

Significance of the “Myth of Er”

The so-called “Myth of Er” has long puzzled Plato’s readers. Socrates, whose teachings and conversations Plato chronicles, tells the story of Er, who journeyed to the afterlife and came to life again to tell his story. The tale is not found in any source except Plato and is obviously fictional. Earlier in The Republic, meanwhile, … Read more

An evaluation between The Nicomachean by Aristotle’s and Plato’s The Republic

What is Goodness? For most people today, being a good person simply means following a set of commonly agreed upon moral guidelines. However, those guidelines have increasingly been getting blurred and convoluted from culture to culture and generation to generation. The question remains whether the definition of morality really can be universal, and whether this … Read more

Interpretations of Plato’s Allegory of the Cave in Erasmus’ Praise of Folly

In the Praise of Folly, Erasmus creates a character critical of, yet indebted to, philosophical wisdom. Through Folly, Erasmus weaves his own ideas into her message, confusing readers unable to distinguish between the two voices. In Praise of Folly, Folly refers to Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” from The Republic to enhance her statements of … Read more

Aristotle’s Critique of Plato’s Republic

In book two of Aristotle’s Politics, Aristotle defines his ideal state by criticizing the values put forward in Plato’s The Republic. In doing so, Aristotle censures Plato’s idea of state unification through sharing as much as possible, including wives, children, and property. Aristotle counters that Plato’s concept is detrimental to the state’s unity because it … Read more

Speculating On The Cultural Phenomenon Of Postmodernity

Postmodernity Reflection In class thus far we have discussed two entirely different schools of thought. One: modernity, which contained a society of new and enlightening individuals. On the other hand is the second school of thought: postmodernity. Postmodernity is a cultural phenomenon that is the rejection of modernist principles. Postmodernity challenges the society we have, … Read more

Significance of the “Myth of Er”

The so-called “Myth of Er” has long puzzled Plato’s readers. Socrates, whose teachings and conversations Plato chronicles, tells the story of Er, who journeyed to the afterlife and came to life again to tell his story. The tale is not found in any source except Plato and is obviously fictional. Earlier in The Republic, meanwhile, … Read more

Noble Lie

The “noble lie” is perhaps one of the most disturbing and thought-worthy aspects of Plato’s Republic. Through its use, the people of the “just regime” are intentionally misled and misdirected in an attempt to make them unified as a group and loyal to the regime. The “noble lie” provides a foundation for the just regime … Read more

The Virtue of True Friendship

Friendship is arguably the most relevant philosophical matter expounded upon in The Nicomachean Ethics. While other virtues may not be practiced on a daily basis, friendship and the implications of such a relationship are somewhat more consistent. Living necessitates interactions and relationships with other people, and Aristotle’s view on friendship offers insight that can be … Read more

Literary Analysis of the Euthyphro

Euthyphro Plato’s Euthyphro features Socrates and Euthyphro, who is apparently “a professional priest who considers himself an expert on ritual and piety” (2). Although Socrates acts as though he accepts the fact that Euthyphro has knowledge of the divine, as everyone else seems to, he challenges his knowledge by asking him about piety. The two … Read more

The Conformity Idea In The American Society As Depicted In In Mark Twain’s Cornpone Opinion And Henry David Thoreau’s Life Without Principle

Conform or die. In both Mark Twain’s Corn-Pone Opinions and Thoreau’s Life Without Principle essay it is clearly expressed that it is human nature to conform either based on societies opinions and or expectations of living life to the fullest degree. Throughout Twain’s essay, he shows how society conforms to the majority view based on … Read more

Analysis of Plato’s City-Soul Analogy

Analysis of Plato’s The Republic, City-Soul Analogy In an elaborate effort to comprehend individual justice, Socrates engages in a lengthy debate which explores intricate details, structures, and overarching principles of a just city.  This analysis will explore the City-Soul analogy through three separate human lenses.  Section 1 will delve into the secondhand accounting of Socrates’ … Read more