Nature of economic reasoning

Definition of economic It is saying economic is the art but in the modern society it is named social science. Considering of economic they will think about how cost and resources are efficient for human being’s unlimited wants. There are micro economic and macro-economic Micro economic concerns the behavior of individuals and firm decision making. … Read more

Circular Flow Model

What is the four sector circular flow model? A circular flow of income is a four-sector economy which includes households, firms, government and foreign sector. The circular flow of income indicates connections between various areas of our economic system. It revolves around flows of goods and services and factors of production between firms and households. … Read more

Measures to Control Inflation

There are two ways of controlling inflation in an economy: Monetary measures Fiscal measures Monetary Measures The government of a country takes various measures and formulates policies to control economic activities. Monetary policy is one of the most commonly used measures taken by the government to control inflation. Here, the central bank increases the interest … Read more

The Pork Barrel Law In The United States Government

Pork barrel legislations is a daily occurrence in American government. Howard Scarrow showcases this in his May 6th column in The Village Times Herald, “Our bacon, their park.” His example of the recently proposed highway bill is a blatant exposure of pork barrel legislation. He indicates many causes of this distributive politics that would lead … Read more

Definition Of Regional Groupings

Regional Groups are the associations of countries around a particular region whereby these countries have common grounds of understanding and perspectives regarding rules and regulations to be followed when relating with one another. These groups have rules that set them apart from non-members. Intergovernmental authority on development (IGAD)IGADs sole purpose is to enhance regional liaison … Read more

Performance and compensation management

Performance Management explains your interaction with the employee at each stage of the path between these important life cycle events. Performance management gives you an opportunity to communicate with a job opportunity. Role of performance management in HR: Create a clear job description using the employee recruitment plan that identifies the selection team. Fill out … Read more

Inflation In The Bank System

Inflation would be the charge from which the typical higher level pf prices pertaining to products along with companies will be soaring along with, for the reason ,you’re getting energy regarding currency exchange will be slipping. Key banks try to restriction inflation and the steer clear of deflation, in order to keep your financial system … Read more

Centralized Vs. Decentralized

The development or growth of a company depends with the strength of managerial staff and employees who help the management to provide career development. Another way of maintaining managerial integrity is a hierarchy, the hierarchy of authority is very important in an organisation. The system in an organisation is divided into two types centralized and … Read more

Criterias For Evaluating The Channel Alternatives

To evaluate the channel alternatives using the 3 criterias, first the company should identify its major channel alternatives in terms of types of intermediaries, number of marketing intermediaries and lastly the responsibility of each channel member. First are the types of intermediaries. A company should identify the types of channel members available to carry out … Read more

Future of CRE Underwriting

You may be a one-man broker shop, a mid-size debt fund or an underwriter working with a large lender. Either way, you understand the importance of correctly extracting key financials from property historical, rent roll and other third-party reports to prepare a loan sizing file. There’s a lot of heavy lifting to be done and … Read more

The Bubble Economy of Japan

The Economy of Japan had experience a tremendous growth since the end of the Korean war. The growth of GNP in 1967 and 1968 was above 10 % (double digit growth period) which exceed countries such as Britain, France and Germany. The economy experienced a boost is due to many reasons, such as: enlargement of … Read more

Laissez-Faire Economy

Concept of the Invisible Hand in a Laissez-faire economy “By preferring the support of domestic to that of foreign industry, he intends only his own security; and by directing that industry in such a manner as its produce may be of the greatest value, he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, … Read more

The gap between rich and poor in the world today

In the world of 1995, there are still huge differeces between rich and poor, developed and less developed countries. But why? Who is to blame? What can we do about it? Many things have been tried out to solve these problems, but does it work? It seems bizarre, that we, modern, intelligent people, have not … Read more

The Wealth of Nations

As a coherent economic theory, classical economics start with Smith, continues with the British Economists Thomas Robert Malthus and David Ricardo. Although differences of opinion were numerous among the classical economists in the time span between Smiths Wealth of Nations (1776) and Ricardos Principles of Political Economy and Taxation (1817), they all mainly agreed on … Read more

How the Rich Benefit from the poor

The United States is the most developed capitalist economy in the world. The markets within the economy provide profit-motivated companies endless potential in the pursuance of pecuniary accumulation. Throughout the twentieth-century competitive companies have implemented modernized managerial procedures designed to raise profits by reducing unnecessary costs. These cost-saving procedures have had a substantial effect on … Read more

Asian Crisis Essay

The crisis began in Thailand in July 1997 and spread to Indonesia, the Philippines and Malaysia, then to Hong Kong, Korea and Japan. Financial systems in Thailand, Korea and Japan all came under intense strain, but nowhere as destructively as in Indonesia, which by early 1998 had become the worst-affected victim. The 1997 Asian financial … Read more

Belarusian Economy Essay

Belaruss economy has done fairly well from the situation it started in. The economy has some strengths, but it is also not without its weaknesses. Also the Republic has not done yet enough to restructure its economy after the break up of the USSR. Belarus has a fairly well balanced economy with an agriculture capable … Read more

The Bubble Economy of Japan

The Economy of Japan had experience a tremendous growth since the end of the Korean war. The growth of GNP in 1967 and 1968 was above 10 % (double digit growth period) which exceed countries such as Britain, France and Germany. The economy experienced a boost is due to many reasons, such as: enlargement of … Read more

Federal Reserve Essay

The United States took over a hundred and twenty years to prefect a working banking system that could adequately adjusts to the constantly changing economy. The Federal Reserve System most important purpose is to preserve a stable economy in the US. The focus on monetary policy is to protect the purchasing power of the dollar … Read more

The term “downsizing”

The economy was strong, inflation was falling, and real GNP was growing at a steady, confident pace. Corporate profits had reached historically high levels, and investors were on a buying spree in the stock market, pushing it from one record close to the next. Unemployment had fallen to a level that many economists felt was … Read more

Taxation Without Representation

If “taxation without representation” could rally the colonists against the British Crown in 1776, tight money and ruinous interest rates might be cause for populist revolt in our own day. Federal Reserve monetary policy also has severe social burdens, measured by huge changes in aggregate output, income, and employment. The imperious Fed, much like the … Read more

Maxed Out Essay

The reasons people buy on credit vary, but without it most of us would probably never be able to purchase necessities such as a home or automobile. The nation’s economy depends on credit, the promise to pay later for goods and services used today; but along with consumer credit comes consumer debt. With the rise … Read more

Articles of Confederation

Analyze the degree to which the Articles provided an effective form of government with respect to any two of the following: Foreign Relations, Economic Conditions, or Western Lands In 1777, the states enacted the Articles of Confederation to preserve democracy and prevent tyranny from those who sought to centralize power. But in their efforts to … Read more

The Current Oil Crisis And How It Is Affecting The Economy

With the current spike in oil prices, many American consumers have asked, “what is going on? ” In order to fully understand the current situation and how it is affecting the economy one must look at a variety of factors including: the history of oil crisis in the United States, causes of the current situation, … Read more

The Northern Alliance Essay

Delegations representing the northern alliance, exiles backing the ex-king and two smaller exile groups all pledged to seek a power-sharing formula as they began talks under strong international pressure to end more than two decades of war. While the Afghans are meeting, the United States, Russia and neighbors such as Pakistan and Iran are exerting … Read more

The economy in the United States

The current state of the economy in the United States has been slow in recent months. While the economy is not currently in a recession, we may eventually fall victim to the first recession we’ve had in nearly ten years. The economy in general is showing growth, just not much. It will be difficult to … Read more

Strategic challenges of the 21st Century

This module describes ‘what is strategy’ and ‘what kind of strategic challenges can be faced by the organisation in the next century’ by the impact of globalisation. The module of ‘Strategic Challenges’ consisted of 10 weeks time. During these sessions, I will be able to understand the strategy and its positive implementation and how to … Read more

Offshore Outsourcing Of Information Technologies Services

Offshore outsourcing is not a new practice in the United States. Offshore outsourcing of information technologies services, however, is relatively new to our nation. It is a hot issue in political debates, with this being an election year. Job loss and job creation in the United States is on the platforms of leading candidates. Economists … Read more

Australia’s Economy Essay

Australia became a commonwealth of the British Empire in 1901. It was able to take advantage of its natural resources to rapidly develop its agricultural and manufacturing industries and to make a major contribution to the British effort in World Wars I and II. Now, Australia has a prosperous Western-style capitalist economy, with a per … Read more

The Rise of Capitalism

In the mid-19th century, a great system of economics, which would change our lives forever, was formed. That system was called capitalism. Capitalism is an economic system that was created by combining many parts of many other economic systems. Capitalism was based on the idea that private individuals, and business firms would carry out all … Read more

Free Trade Report

In an economic age in which speedy transactions of imports and exports are essential, is free trade a necessity for aiding worldwide economic development? At least John F. Kennedy thought so, he being the initiator of removing tariffs and other limitations on U. S. imports. His hypothesis was that by doing that, other nations would … Read more

Bonds and The Bond Market

Given today’s uncertain economy, many people are taking time to examine various options for their financial future. Different types of investments are investigated and bonds are one of the more popular choices considered. Many of the same people who talk about investing in bonds, however, do not fully understand them nor where they place in … Read more

The Foreign Affairs in United States

With the beginning of a seemingly endless war on terrorism, and a shaky United States economy, now hardly seems the time to examine our general policy towards all other nations, and developing nations in particular. The wreckage of the World Trade Center is still smoldering, and our troops are marching on Kabul as I write. … Read more

Is The Celtic Tiger A Paper Tiger

Last year Ireland’s GDP grew faster than anywhere else in the world. In 2001 Ireland remains at the top of the OECD growth league (Economist Intelligence Unit, 2001: 10- 11; OECD, 2001: vi). Nonetheless, though the Irish economy continues to attract the headlines, gone is the euphoric tone of even a year or two ago. … Read more

Chaos in The Currency Markets

1. What does the crisis of September 1992 tell you about the relative abilities of currency markets and national governments to influence exchange rates? The currency markets and national governments both have abilities to influence exchange rates. Like other financial markets, foreign exchange markets react to any news that may have a future effect. Speculators … Read more

The Gilded Age

A successful economy is perhaps the most key ingredient leading to a successful nation. An economy is a delicate balance of many different conflicting and coexisting elements. Naturally, an economys success can often be measured by the amount of wealth is contains, not to mention the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of its distribution of the wealth. … Read more

The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)

In January 1994, the United States, Mexico, and Canada implemented the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), forming the largest free trade zone in the world. The goal of NAFTA is to create better trading conditions through tariff reduction, removal of investment barriers, and improvement of intellectual property protection. NAFTA continues to gradually reduce tariffs … Read more

Economic comparsion

GREAT BIG WHITE WORLD In space the stars are no nearer they just glitter like a morgue and I dreamed I was a spaceman burned like a moth in a flame and our world was so fucking gone but I’m not attached to your world nothing heals and nothing grows because it’s a great big … Read more

Real Estate Economics

Real Estate is, by definition, the land and everything that is a part of it and the extent of one’s interest in it. The word real in real estate stands for the fact that it is land and different than personal property. It is real property, property that is more or less immobile. The word … Read more

Communism as the Dream of Economic Equality

Many people all over the world look for an outlet for which they can improve their quality of life. They strive to find the means of transforming their dreams into reality. Communism, to people everywhere, has offered the means for transforming the dream of economic equality into reality, throughout history. Communism, however, like various other … Read more

Mexican Economy

Mexico was the site of some of the earliest and most advanced civilizations in the western hemisphere. The Mayan culture, according to archaeological research, attained its greatest development about the 6th century AD. Another group, the Toltec, established an empire in the Valley of Mexico and developed a great civilization still evidenced by the ruins … Read more

World Trade Center

With the beginning of a seemingly endless war on terrorism, and a shaky United States economy, now hardly seems the time to examine our general policy towards all other nations, and developing nations in particular. The wreckage of the World Trade Center is still smoldering, and our troops are marching on Kabul as I write. … Read more

Economic Development in three Urban Areas: Atlanta, Baltimore and Cleveland

The following pages review the comprehensive strategies that have been used by the cities of Atlanta, Baltimore and Cleveland to improve their economic conditions. It should become apparent to the reader that the fate of each city is determined by many factors including historical events, the balance of power between stakeholder groups, the ability of … Read more

The economic future in the year 2000

The economy has performed exceptionally well for the past several years, combining rapid growth and very low unemployment with declining inflation. “Not only has the expansion achieved record length, but it has done so with far stronger growth than expected,” stated Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan in his remarks to the National Community Reinvestment Coalition … Read more

Economy In 2000

Evaluating the bull market today, it is almost impossible to pick up a financial journal without seeing news on the bull market that some consider to be overvalued. Overvalued or fairly valued, only the future will show the truth. Either way, this market is one that has shown greater run ups and returns, than any … Read more