What is Sonography?

Sonography is beginning to be an important but great source of technology in the medical field. “Sonography is a diagnostic medical procedure that uses high frequency sound waves to produce dynamic visual images of organs, tissues, or blood flow in the body (Society of Diagnostic Medical Sonography).” Sonographers use ultrasounds to monitor many things in … Read more

Essay about Venus

Atmosphere Venus’ atmosphere consists mainly of carbon dioxide, with clouds of sulfuric acid droplets. The thick atmosphere traps the sun’s heat, resulting in surface temperatures higher than 880 degrees F% (470 degrees C%). The atmosphere has many layers with different temperatures. At the level where the clouds are, about 30 miles up from the surface, … Read more

Space Exploration and Technology and the Pros and Cons Arguments

Since its conception, space exploration has captured the imaginations of many in a limitless frontier, where ingenuity is unbound and social barriers do not hinder humanity’s collective quest for knowledge; however, when considering the implications of space exploration, advocates must acknowledge the financial costs of frequent space travel, the exploitation of other-worldly resources, and disease … Read more

The Concept And Evolution Of Machizukuri From Social Movement To “Soft-Infrastructure” Of City Level

Civil society engagements are important in city planning as their role seen to comprehend and fill the gap of society needs. As the purpose of urban or city planning is for society sustainability, the idea of participatory approach could answer the challenge of what should be provided and how. The community-based activities are deeply rooted … Read more

Nutrition Plan For Muscle Growth

Nutrition Plan for Muscle Growth The truth of the matter is, you will not achieve maximum muscle gains and growth without implementing and following a strict nutrition plan which is required to help you achieve desired results. Consuming good nutrition is more critically important that paying for the latest and greatest sports supplement – regardless … Read more

Tomorrow’S Leaf: The Anti-Microbial, Anti-Fungal And Anti-Oxidant Activities Of Ashitaba (Angelika Keiskei) Plant For Various Applications

Microorganisms participate in a significant part of retaining the Earth’s ecosystem and is a huge percentage of the planet’s living material (lumen, 2018). “Microbes” comprises of eukaryotic and prokaryotic organisms which are categorized as bacteria, fungi, virus, algae, archaea and protozoa. A big population of these microbes doesn’t really pose a significant threat to humans, … Read more

Fog Beetle: Full Characteristic

INTRODUCTION Many creatures that live in the desert rely on some sort of special adaptations, and fog beetles have one of the weirdest ways of finding water. The Namib desert where these beetles live, is located on the South-West coast of Africa (21°07?S 14°33?E) This is one of the most arid areas of the world, … Read more

The Science of Earthquakes

What is an earthquake? An earthquake is what happens when two blocks of the earth suddenly slip past one another. The surface where they slip is called the fault or fault plane. The location below the earth’s surface where the earthquake starts is called the hypocenter, and the location directly above it on the surface … Read more

The Evolution of the Heat Engine System

A heat engine is a system that converts heat or thermal energy and chemical energy into mechanical energy which in turn does mechanical work. It allows work to be done by using provided energy in the form of heat and then exhausts the heat that cannot be used to do work. A heat engine generally … Read more

Superluminal communication

Superluminal communication is a hypothetical process in which information is transmitter at faster than light speeds(FTL). The current scientific conscious is that FTL communication is not possible ,and has not been achieved till date. Under present known facts it is not possible because of Lorentz-invariant theory, it could be used to transmit information into the … Read more

Carnot Engine

How does an engine work? Which thermodynamic cycle does it follow? Well, a Carnot cycle is a thermodynamic cycle that gives us the best efficiency possible. It involves two reversible isothermal transitions and two reversible adiabatic transitions. But what exactly is a Carnot engine? Let us study more about it below. Suggested Videos Carnot Engine … Read more

Percent Error & Percent Difference

“ By now it is quite clear that this investigation could have given more promising results because the extent of Percent Error does signify and question the reliability of the data collected during this experiment. But, nonetheless, the reasons why these errors came to be are explained in the following. There was extensive loss of … Read more

Who Is Emmahdorable?

Many online hosts use the Twitch, the live streaming video platform to broadcast a number of activities including video games, eSports competitions, creative contents, in real lifestreams, as well as music. Emmahdorable has, however, found a niche on the site by posting video games and has risen to a star status. The American Twitch star … Read more

Annie Jump Cannon’s biography

Annie Jump Cannon was born on December 11, 1863, in Dover, Delaware. Her mother, Mary Jump, taught Annie constellations at a young age and in a ignited her interest in the stars. She was the eldest daughter of Wilson Cannon, a Delaware state senator, and Mary Jump. She studied physics and astronomy at Wellesley College, … Read more

Oyster Mushroom – Pleurotus ostreatus

Pleurotus ostreatus which is known as the oyster mushroom, the pearl oyster or the grey oyster mushroom is a very common edible mushroom. It was first cultivated in Germany as a survival measure during World War I and is grown commercially around the world. It is related to the likewise cultivated king oyster mushroom. The … Read more

Mitosis vs. meiosis: A look at the similarities and differences

Mitosis and Meiosis Compare/Contrast Mitosis and Meiosis are two different types of cell division in humans and other animals. They have many similarities and a few important differences such as what their goal is and slight differences in the results after dividing. To explain Mitosis and Meiosis basically Mitosis is the process of a cell … Read more

Anton van Leeuwenhoek – The Father of Microbiology

Anton van Leeuwenhoek was a Dutch scientist who was born on October 24, 1632, in, what was at the time, the Dutch Republic. Anton van Leeuwenhoek was proclaimed “The Father of Microbiology” by the scientific world for his numerous contributions to science throughout his lifetime. He made discoveries about bacteria, spermatozoa, single-celled life forms, the … Read more

The Importance Of Flexibility In Sport

First, what exactly is flexibility? When you hear the word flexibility, you probably think of a contortionist or gymnast, but the technical definition is being able to move your joints through their whole range of motion. However, while many sports require great flexibility at the highest levels, you might think that flexibility doesn’t apply to … Read more


The drainage pattern of an area depends upon following factors Geological time period of drainage basin. Nature, structure and type of rocks. Slope and topography of that area. Rainfall, amount of flow and periodicity of flow of water. TYPES OF DRAINAGE PATTERN Dendritic the term dendritic originiates fromgreek word dendrites (pertaining like a tree). In … Read more

What Is Electrochemistry?

Electrochemistry is the study of chemical processes that result in electron movement. Redox reactions are reactions which include changes to the oxidation states of elements. Oxidation is the process when a substance loses electrons, and reduction is the process when a substance gains electrons. The substance that is oxidized is referred to as the reducing … Read more

Dmitri Mendeleev and Henry Moseley, The Periodic Table

Dmitri Mendeleev was a russian chemist and inventor. He developed the periodic classification of the elements. Mendeleev found that when all of the elements were arranged in the order of increasing atomic weight. Mendeleev was born in a Siberian town called Tobolsk. He had 14 siblings and was the final survivor of all of them. … Read more

Wireless Power Transmission

This paper involves the details of the project entitled “Wireless Power Transmission”. It is the system for transmitting the electrical power from the source to load wirelessly using coils. There are two coils used, one at the sending end and another at the receiving end. This project is not the same as the wireless transmission … Read more

Comparison of Mythology: Greek vs. Roman

While analyzing Greek and Roman mythology we can see quite a few similarities, there are very few differences. Throughout much of the Roman mythology we see a heavy influence of Greek Mythology. However when looking further into the mythology we may find a few differences such as how the myths portray the time period, were … Read more

A Study on the Jovian Planets

Far beyond Earth in the solar nebula lies an ice belt and beyond that lay the four Jovian planets. They are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune. Jovian means “Jupiter- like” in which the rest of do coincide with the name. Uranus Neptune and Saturn, all carry the same traits as Jupiter. are large gas giants … Read more

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA )

ASSIGNMENT TOPIC – ELISA ELISA (Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is the test has evolved from other types of immunoassays in the early 1970s and is now one of the most advanced widely clinical, translational, used laboratory technique in as well as clinical medicine. This assay is also used for detecting and quantifying substances such as peptides, … Read more

Cultivation Practices Of Carrots

Cultivation practices of carrots Carrot is a semi-hardy crop which is cultivated all over the world. It is the common name used in Zambia for Daucus carota. Since it is a semi-hardy crop, carrot require cool weather for it to perform well. Carrot need long days and vernalization of roots. Despite carrot being able to … Read more

Briefly explaining the differences between negative feedback, positive feedback and feed-forward in physiological system with suitable examples

A feedback loop is a biological occurrence wherein the output of a system amplifies the system (positive feedback) or inhibits the system (negative feedback). Living organisms are able to maintain homeostasis through these feedback loops. This is the mechanism that enables us to keep our internal environment relatively constant. Examples of negative feedback include maintaining … Read more

The Abiotic and Biotic processes

Photosynthesis, the process by which green plants and certain other organisms transform light energy into chemical energy. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds. It would be impossible to overestimate the importance of photosynthesis in the maintenance of … Read more

Bowlby’s Theory

Bowlby’s theory is an evolutionary theory because he believes attachment is a behavioural system that has evolved because of its survival and reproductive value. Caregiving is adaptive because species have adapted over many years to enhance survival of the offspring so they can later reproduce. Bowlby’s theory is made up of many different ideas. According … Read more

The versatile nature of carbon

Carbon in its various forms has been known since ancient times in the form of soot, charcoal, graphite and diamonds. Its name is derived from a Latin word “carbo” which means “charcoal”. Ancient cultures did not realize, of course, that these substances were different forms of the same element. Let us explore the versatile nature … Read more

What is Boric Acid?

Boric Acid (H3B03), also referred to as Acidum Boricum, Boracic Acid, or Orthoboric Acid, is a natural product made from Oxygen, Hydrogen, and Boron. It is offered as a fine powder or as a clear or white crystalline solid, much like table salt. It’s got a relatively greasy texture and is odourless and without taste. … Read more

The Process of Aluminum Anodizing

Aluminum anodizing is a surface hardening process in which electrolytic passivation is used to thicken the layer of oxide that naturally occurs on aluminum alloys. Used to increase corrosion and wear resistance, anodizing can be performed on a variety of metals, such as titanium anodizing; however, amongst anodizers, aluminum is typically the metal of choice … Read more