In 1967 though 1970 the United States of America was fighting a war in Vietnam. In the late 1960s and early 1970s, a large percentage of American people were a free love and peaceful society. Over 6,000 miles away in Nigeria, citizens were not even safe in their own homes because of the fear of being killed. Nigeria was in a crisis; they were in a civil war. The civil war included three different tribes: the Biafra (Igbo) people, the Yoruba, and the Hausa-Fulani. The conflict was so bad that the United Nations had to get involved. The Biafra tribe is better known as the Igbo people.
The Igbo’s land first came to contact with Portugal in the 15th centuries. There was a major market for buying and selling Igbo slaves. For the first time in 1928, the Igbo men were forced to pay taxes on goods and services (Slattery 1). The Igbo tribe was the second largest tribe in southern Africa. Part of Igbo tribes’ teachings was to respect their elders and men. Holidays that the Igbo people celebrate include; New Days, Easter, Independence Day and Christmas (Igbo 1). The Igbo language originates from the Niger-Congo language group. The Igbos believed in one supreme god.
This god’s name was Amadioha. Many religious rituals were done with only family present (Igbo 1). The Igbo people fought the Yoruba in the civil war. The Yoruba was another tribe in Nigeria during the civil war. The Yoruba was one of the largest tribe in the Sahara Desert, in the western part of Nigeria. Their language family belonged to the Congo-Kordo. An article written by Countries and their Cultures conducted a study and it turns out that only 20 percent of Yoruba still practice the traditional religions of their ancestors (Yoruba 1).
Think of a western girl what would she be wearing; it would be a long dress that would reach the ground, this is the style that Yoruba women were. The Yoruba tribe will still wear traditional clothing but only on important occasions like holidays (Yoruba 1). The Yoruba fought with the Hausa-Fulani in the civil war. The Hausa-Fulani people fought in the Nigerian Civil War. The Hausa-Fulani tribe was mostly in the northern part of Nigeria. Almost 30 million Hausa-Fulani lived in Nigeria. The Hausa-Fulani were able to emerge as a new power in 800 BC and 200 BC.
In 1810, the Fulani invaded the Hausa. They came to a comprised so they combined names and became one tribe. The first ethnic group in Nigeria was the Hausa (Hausa-Fulani people 1). The Hausa has been Muslim since the 14 century, that is 7 centuries ago! They had converted other Nigerian tribes to become Muslim. Music and art has influenced a big role in everyday life in the tribes. The workers usually played working songs in rural areas around the tribe. The elders usually told stories and their dreams to the kids (Hausa-Fulani people 2).
All of these tribes fought in the Nigerian Civil War. The Nigerian Civil War killed many people but most of them didn’t die from battle. The civil war happened because Nigeria was imperialized by Great Britain. Britain took what they wanted and left. But when they left they gave the power to the Hausa-Fulani. When the Igbo got their independence from Britain that is when the war started (Nigerian Civil War 1). This war was also known as Nigerian-Biafran war but it is more commonly know as a Nigerian Civil War. In three years more than one million people died.
The Nigerian Civil War started May 30, 1967, during this time the US was in the Vietnam War. The groups were the Igbo going against the Hausa- Fulani and the Yoruba (Ryan 1). After the Biafran “Igbo” got their independence the war started but 3 years later the war stopped. This conflict was both because of religion and ethnic. The Igbo was Christian but the bigger group the Hausa was Muslim (Nigerian Civil War (Nigerian-Biafran war). There was almost three thousand to five thousand Igbos died daily from just starvation.
Less than 2 months after the Igbo had independence the government launched an invasion on the Igbo people. The Nigerian army made sea blockades to stop, food, medicine, weapons, and support for the Igbo (Hurst 1). The war had a lot of effect on the people of Nigeria. The war cost a lot of lives and money. Up to a million people died of starvation and disease. The reconstruction was difficult but help from the oil made it easier. But old ethnic and religious tensions remained. The government was ruined by the military but yet they still they stayed in power for years later (Nigerian Civil War (Nigerian-Biafran War).
The war was so bad that the United Nations need to help. The United Nations helps a lot of countries. The UN work to secure people’s rights. They do this by; protecting human rights, maintaining international peace and promoting sustainable development. They protect human right by doing peace-keeping missions in other countries. Their groups help keep international peace. The UN helped with the civil war but never helped with the aba riots. The Aba riots also now as the Nigerian women war. This was a war lead by women.
The riots started in November through December of 1928. It all started when the colonial government made an indirect system of rules. In November of 1929, 1 thousand of Igbo women rotested at native administration (aba women’s riots 1). One thousand women riot against policies. Warrant chief became oppressive so they size property, imposed local regulations and imprisoned anyone who criticizes them the government made a special taxes on Igbo (Aba women’s riots 1). There was much anger that was brought upon the warrant chief.
The anger was directed because they had too much power and because they were part of the British Colonial Administrators. The “special” taxes made it harder to supply food for the women and their families. After the special taxes, at least, 25 thousand Igbo women protested against the government (Aba women’s riots 1). In conclusion, the civil war ended 3 years later and the Igbo lost because of the sea barricades. The civil war is important because even the United Nations had to do something but the UN had little involvement with the civil war.