When was Skateboarding invented
Skateboarding was invented in the late 1940s and 1950s. Skateboards were first created with wooden boxes or boards with roller skating wheels connected to the bottom and many people wanted to do something when the waves were flat so they invented a skateboard and called it sidewalk surfing and it became a very popular sport. And when the waves were flat it was a fast way to get around the towns, roads, and beaches. Then, once skateboarding got very popular there was this one guy who invented skateboarding tricks that no one ever heard of, like 900-Degree Aerial, Kickflip McTwist, Frontside 540, Stock 720 in a recent survey in the U.S.A skateboarding was founded to be the 3rd most popular sport in teenagers right behind basketball being second and football being first Sense of Belonging Some skaters are punk, some are jocks, some are nerds, some are Goth, and many don’t fit into a box. But they are all “skaters.”They have all picked up a skateboard, given it a shot, and loved it.
But there’s something a little different about real skateboarders the reason it is so popular is because Skateboarding can take anyone as long as you have the heart you might not be the best in skateboarding, but if you really, truly try and if you love skateboarding then your in it and most skaters get along just well and sure you will see some jerks, but you will encounter a shocking number of cool people most older skaters encourage younger skaters to experienced skaters are giving tips to the beginners and strangers they have never met before. And skateboarding can and will hurt you, in fact, you are guaranteed to get hurt at some point or another the pain comes with the board and if you do pull off a good trick, that means that you are good at something difficult and you’ve paid for it in blood and sweat. Then you have succeeded at skateboarding and non skaters love to watch skateboarding as well as a popular sport like x games.
There are not many skateboarding parks in the US. Patti Mcgee was the first professional female skater. In southern california a person no one knows invented the skate scooter it was made out of fruit crates with wheels screwed onto the bottom it was made out of a piece of wood and four metal wheels from roller skates or scoorts or anything with wheels the skateboard had rigid axles which cut down on the board’s maneuverability and made it easier to control then the skateboards were manufactured in the early-late 1950’s they were eventually decorated with decals and art work and people made them thinner and smaller and since skateboards were popular throughout the 1960s the riders were not being respected and the activity of skateboarding was banned in a few cities then 5 years later they renewed skateboarding in 1973 then the wheels turned from metal to polyurethane they were composites of sand like material that was formed into a wheel with adhesive and it was exposed to extreme pressure and because of polyurethane wheels board were a lot easier to control and stunts were possible now
In 1970s skateparks were invented they had obstacle courses empty pools piped ramps and it became a competition and skateboarders decorated the bottom of their skateboard with decals and stickers but then again in the late 1970s skateboarding became a controversial topic after it identified antisocial behavior and due to the amount of injuries and severities of them skateparks eventually closed in the fear of lawsuits then 10 years later in the 1980s skateboarding re-emerged and it was more dangerous people were using handrails, ramps, guard rails, ramps, stairs and then it ended again 1980 but it wasn’t as severe as the previous years then it 1990 became again became popular again mainly due to the high exposure of tv channels like MTV and ESPN and the X-Games competitions that were held around countries and states they were televised then skateboarding was revised as the first extreme sport even though skateboarding was still banned in many communities and in 1997 there were 8.2 million skateboards and around 48,186 reported injuries 0.006% which resulted in hospitalization skateboarding continued to evolve
In the mid 1990s deck manufacturers would introduce an average of six board designs a month and skateboard manufacturers experiment with different thickness of decks some skateboards are made of a really strong adhesive and different types of wood some are made of aluminum nylon plexiglas fiberglass foam and other types of materials some were made of steel brass and other types of metals some were made a synthetic type of rubber polymer.
THE MANUFACTURING PROCESSDECKS
STEP ONE: They are made by a thin sheet of wood that is then delivered to a factory they are stored in a climate controlled environment to ensure the moisture content is optimized too much can ruin the wood
STEP TWO: they then bring the board to a glue machine and it is a water-based glue specially designed for wood
STEP THREE: after being coated the boards are numbers and stacked according to the grain and level of use each skateboard is made of seven layers of veneer the first, second, fourth, sixth and seventh layers have grain running from the nose to the tail of the board the third and fifth have grain running from side to side these stacks are then put into a mold inside of a hydraulic press the mold then creates the nose, concave and tail of each skateboard each press makes five to 15 decks at one time then it sits in a press for a few minutes to a few hours the longer the time the more naturally the wood and glue sets
STEP FOUR: After the laminates are removed from the press eight holes are drilled with a hand drilling rig and the trucks are mounted and screwed into the holes
STEP FIVE: a worker called the shaper takes the new drilled board and hand shapes each deck with a band saw the deck is then hand sanded and coated with a paint or sealant type
STEP SIX: after the deck is completely dry a decorative design is printed on the board by screen printing each color is hand painted separately on a custom machine the decks are dried and ready to be shipped off to stores or customer’s business or houses
STEP SEVEN: with one of the three materials plastic clay or wood a master truck pattern is hand tooled. This is mainly used to make a match plate with the plate a sand mold is made for making the main truck a sand mold uses sand as its primary molding material usually made with clay and water the materials is packed around the plate then removed
STEP EIGHT: than aluminum ingots are heated to a staggering 1,300°F (706.7°C) in a special furnace reducing them to liquid aluminum then the aluminum is poured by hand into the sand molds the sand mold has the trucks axles in place before the aluminum is poured into the mold is then allowed to cool then it is broken by hand and the parts are removed the pieces that are made are Kingpin Knob, Pivot cup, Baseplate, and riser pad a worker heat treats each part then the parts are ground polished and drilled.
STEP NINE: Then finally each truck is hand assembled with the parts Kingpins, Bushings, Grommets, Washers, and nuts the trucks are prepared for shipping
STEP TEN: in metering machines these two polyurethane components are heated and mixed together in a certain ratio high-quality polyurethane wheels are mixed together at a elevated temperature this step is supposed to create a liquid if the designers, buyers want colored wheels the then the company adds pigment to the mix then the resulting mixture is poured into aluminum molds in a mixing chamber then it is allowed to harden into a solid
STEP ELEVEN: the wheel is then removed by hand and cured on trays many wheel molds are running on the same tray at the same time on a conveyor system and 300 wheels are made per hour
STEP TWELVE: the resulting wheel slug is then cut to shape by hand on a lathe with a knife/blade the sidewalls aka the radius and tread the riding surface are cut into the wheel/wheels.
STEP THIRTEEN: if the buyer wants the wheel to be decorated the semi-auto process is next digital photos are converted into a film to make a photo-etched print plate aka Hydro Dipping the image is then printed onto the wheel the silicone pad is on an inked printing plate and it transfers the images to the wheels wheel printing that incorporates more than one color goes through one pad for different types of color the wheels are packaged for shipment across the world.
STEP FOURTEEN: after the purchasing the three components the customer of manufacturer must put them together grip tape is needed to provide traction/grip on the board grip tape comes in large rectangular sheets bigger than the actual deck it is then smoothed over by hand to get rid of the air bubbles or by using a file or other flat edged object the edge of the board under the grip tape is defined with a knife or scissors or something sharp the extra remaining parts of the grip tape are removed
STEP FIFTEEN: with an awl or another sharp pointed object the eight holes for the trucks are exposed through the grip tape and the mounting bolts for the truck are installed then the truck is installed with the bolts and tightened with the locknuts
STEP SIXTEEN: one set of bearings and spacers are placed in each one of the truck axels their is four by the way the wheel is then put on next flush with the bearings and spacers the other set of bearings is put in the wheels the wheels are then secured with washers and lugnuts the skateboard is now ready to be shipped off and ridden.
QUALITY CONTROLS: when the components are purchased separately the customer must follow the instructions for his own safety all the screws must be tight obviously so they can continue to hold the trucks in place while the stunts are being performed manufacturers continually check the finished boards to see that they are secure and meet safety requirements
BYPRODUCTS/WASTE: any polyurethane left over is sent to a landfill it is too costly to recycle
THE FUTURE: some decks are made of more artificial materials inside a wood exterior one deck of the future has Nomex honeycomb at its core with silver as one of its main materials wheels may change in their shape color size or decoration but not much will improve on polyurethane itself if a new material comes out to the market this may affect how wheels are made.