Biomimetics is the learning of the structure and function of biological systems as models for the design and engineering of material and machines. In other words, we can say that it is recollection of nature, models, systems, processes and elements to take inspiration from it in order to solve problem faced by human. Biomimetics is the process of incorporating principle that would that would promote sustainability in the same way the nature does from cradle to grave, from raw material to recycling it, in the world especially in the physical world. The word biomimetics is derived from “bios” means life and mimesis means to imitate which is introduced by Schmitt. It is the scientific method of learning new principles and processes based on systematic study and observations with live animals and organisms for practical solutions to future technology.
Biomimetics is principle be applied in many fields. Because of the complexity of biological systems, the number of features that might be imitated is large. Biomimetic applications are at various stages of development from technologies that might become commercially usable to prototypes. And I have learned a lot in this course that how a technology is developed by observing the nature and it was proved as really good and new experience for me to learn about biomimetics science.
KEY LEARNINGS AND EXPERIENCE:
As this subject is new to me, I gain much more knowledge on various aspects of nature and the lecture delivered by sir was very impressive and attractive. I able to understand each and every thing very clearly and effectively. It is really nice to have Prof. George john having a session on biomimetics. It is good experience of having such session in which I had gain knowledge about a subject which was not there in my course (b.sc). There are various kinds of examples related to lotus leaf, fibre food material, whale wind turbines, kingfisher and the Shinkansen etc. Lots of learning are there in this session and which will help me in taking various decisions related to technology in future and following are my key learnings:
- It helps us to analyse natural mechanisms and thus make our lives easy and smooth.
- Biomimetics is a platform where one can discover new devices with inspiration from nature.
- Many researchers came up with ideas, device and views like inspiration from birds for flights stability etc.
In the class we came to know about technologies and thinking involved behind the things that we are using in our daily life. These technologies were invented from the phenomena occurring from the nature.
This course has familiarized us with some of the process and method of establishing principals through observation, experimentation and construction model of living organism. Biomimetic product are successful in market. They are very resource efficient and have a very high degree added value hence the future development of these products will helps us a lot.
A MOSQUITO’S INSPIRED STRATEGY TO IMPLANT MICROPROBES INTO THE BRAIN:
Mosquitos are the life threatening insects on the planet due to their ability to transmit diseases like malaria through their bite. In order to bite, a mosquito must insert a set of micro-sized needles through the skin to reach vascular structures. The mosquito uses a combination of mechanisms including an insertion guide to enable it to bite and feed off of larger animals. Here, we report on a biomimetic strategy inspired by the mosquito insertion guide to enable the implantation of intracortical microelectrodes into the brain. Next generation microelectrode designs leveraging ultra-small dimensions and/or flexible materials offer the promise of increased performance, but present difficulties in reliable implantation. With the biomimetic guide in place, the rate of successful microprobe insertion increased from 37.5% to 100% due to the rise in the critical buckling force of the microprobes by 3.8-fold. The prototype guides presented here provide a reproducible method to augment the insertion of small, flexible devices into the brain. In the future, similar approaches may be considered and applied to the insertion of other difficult to implant medical devices.
The parasitic bite of a female mosquito allows it to both inject an anticoagulant to thin the host’s blood, and then, like a miniature hypodermic needle, suck out blood to aid in egg production. To enable the mosquito to penetrate the host’s skin with a set of blood-sucking needles, multiple mechanisms are employed. Specifically, the mosquito must increase the critical buckling force of each fascicle, while also reducing the force required to penetrate the skin.
A series of recent studies have discussed strategies taken by nature to prevent buckling. Categorized strategies to either increase the critical buckling load, or conversely decrease the required penetration load. Interestingly, the mosquito does both, inspiring the design of “painless” microneedles. We are particularly intrigued by the mosquito’s ability to increase the critical buckling force for adaptation to our application to implant intracortical microelectrodes into the brain. These devices offer a means of probing the functional neuronal network activity for both basic science and rehabilitation applications.
To increase the critical buckling load, the mosquito reduces the effective length of its fascicles by using a second structure, the labium, as an insertion guide . To prevent fascicle buckling during insertion, the critical load must be higher than the penetration load. The mosquito fascicle and host tissue interface does not perfectly follow Euler’s formula for critical buckling load of an ideal beam due to complementary mechanisms of insertion . However, one of the takeaways remains true—the effective length of the implant dictates the critical load that it can withstand without buckling.
It is really very great experience to know about something great which is not a part of management studies but helps in taking decisions related to business adopting new technology. Biomimetic a non credit subject gives lot information which is enough for knowing a new subject rather than asking question what is it?