Walter Elias Disney was born on December 5, 1901. He is an entrepreneur, animator, voice actor, and film producer. He introduced several developments in the productions of cartoons. He had won 22 Oscars from 59 nominations. Disney developed an early interest in drawing. He took art classes as a boy and got ajob as a commercial illustrator. He moved to California in the early 1920s and set up the Disney Brothers Studio with his brother, Roy Disney. Walt developed the first character in his industry, Mickey Mouse in 1928. The studio grew as he created future-length cartoons. The features are Snow White and the Seven Dwarves (1937), Fantasia, Pinocchio (both 1940), Dumbo (1941), and Bambi (1942). New animation and live-action films followed after World War II. He critically successful made Cinderella (1950) and Mary Poppins (1964). Mary Poppins received five Academy Awards.
In 1950, Disney expanded into the amusement park industry, and in 1955 her opened Disneyland. He diversified into the television programs Walt Disney’s Disneyland and The Mickey Mouse Club. In 1965, he developed another theme park, Disney World. About Disney Disney was a shy, self-deprecating and insecure man in private but adopted a warm and outgoing public persona. He had high standards and high expectations of those with whom he worked. Although there have been accusations that he was racist or anti-Semitic, they have been contradicted by many who knew him. His reputation changed in the years after his death, from a purveyor of homely patriotic values to a representative of American imperialism. He nevertheless remains an important figure in the history of animation and in the cultural history of the United States, where he is considered a national cultural icon. His film work continues to be shown and adapted; his studio maintains high standards in its production of popular entertainment, and the Disney amusement parks have grown in size and number to attract visitors in several countries. Disney enrolled at McKinley High School and became the cartoonist of the school newspaper, drawing patriotic pictures about World War I; he also took night courses at the Chicago Academy of Fine Arts.
In mid-1918, Disney attempted to join the United States Army to fight against the Germans, but he was rejected for being too young. After forging the date of birth on his birth certificate, he joined the Red Cross in September 1918 as an ambulance driver. He was shipped to France but arrived in November, after the armistice. In May 1921, the Laugh-O-Grams didn’t provide more income, so he started another production of Alice’s Wonderland – based on Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland – which combined live action with animation. The 12-and-a-half-minute, one-reel film, was completed too late to save Laugh-O-Gram Studio, which went into bankruptcy in 1923. In October 1923, Disney helped Margaret J. Winkler. They signed a contract for sic Alice Comedies, with an option for two further series of six episodes each.
In 1925, Disney hired an ink artist, Lillian Bounds. They married in July of that year. The marriage was generally happy, according to Lillian, although according to Disney’s biographer Neal Gabler she didn’t “accept Walt’s decisions meekly or his status unquestionably, and she admitted that he was always telling people ‘how henpecked he is’.” Lillian had little interest in films or the Hollywood social scene and she was, in the words of the historian Steven Watts, “content with household management and providing support for her husband”. Their marriage produced two daughters, Diane (born December 1933) and Sharon (adopted in December 1936, born six weeks previously). Within the family, neither Disney nor his wife hid the fact Sharon had been adopted, although they became annoyed if people outside the family raised the point. The Disney’s were careful to keep their daughters out of the public eye as much as possible, particularly in the light of the Lindbergh kidnapping; Disney took steps to ensure his wife’s and the press did not photograph his daughters.
By 1926 Winkler’s role in the distribution of the Alice series had been handed over to her husband, the film producer Charles Mintz, although the relationship between he and Disney was sometimes strained. The series ran until July 1927, by which time Disney had begun to tire of it and wanted to move away from the entire mixed format to all animation. Mintz requested new material to distribute through Universal Pictures, but Disney and Iwerks created Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, a character Disney wanted to be “peppy, alert, saucy and venturesome, keeping him also neat and trim”. In 1928, the month of February, Mintz threatened to start his own studio and produce the series him self, if Disney refused to accept the reductions. Disney declined Mintz’s ultimatum, and lost most of his animation staff, except Iwerks, who chose to remain with Disney. Creation of Mickey Mouse To replace Oswald, Disney and Iwerks developed Mickey Mouse, possibly inspired by a pet mouse that Disney had adopted while working in his Laugh-O-Gram studio, although the origins of the character are unclear. Disney’s original choice of the name was Mortimer Mouse, but Lillian suggested Mickey instead. Iwerks wanted Disney’s sketches to make the character easier to animate, until Disney provided Mickey’s voice until 1947. One of Disney’s employees said, “Ub designed Mickey’s physical appearance, but Walt gave him his soul.”
In the 1927 sensation, The Jazz Singer, Disney synchronized the sound on the third short, Steamboat Willie, to create the first post-produced sound cartoon. After a while, Disney asked Pat Powers for an increase in payments for his cartoons, but Powers refused and signed over Iwerks to work for him, although Carl Stalling resigned shortly afterwards, thinking that without Iwerks, the Disney studio would close down. Disney had a nervous breakdown of 1931 of October, which he blamed on the machinations of Powers and his own overwork – so he and Lillian took an extended holiday to Cuba and a cruise to Panama to recover from the nervous breakdown. When Powers left as the distributor, Disney studios signed a contract with Columbia Pictures to distribute the Mickey Mouse cartoons, which became increasingly popular, including internationally. Disney embraced new technology, filmed Flowers and Trees in color. Soon Silly Symphony cartoons were all in color.
In the year of 1933, Disney produced The Three Little Pigs, a film described Adrian hanks, a media historian. The film won an Academy Award in the Short Subject (Cartoon) category. The success of the film led to a further increase in the studio’s staff, which numbered nearly 200 by the end of the year. Disney told emotionally gripped stories that would interest the audience, and he invested in a “story department” separated from the animators, with the storyboard artists who would detail the plots of Disney’s films. The year of 1941 of the month of October, the U.S. entered World War II. Disney formed the Walt Disney Training Films Unit within the company to produce instruction films for the military such as Four Methods of Flush Riveting and Aircraft Production Methods. Disney met with Henry Morgenthau Jr., the Secretary of the Treasury, and agreed to produce short Donald Duck cartoons to promote war bonds. He produced several propaganda productions, including short films. The military films generated only enough revenue to cover costs, and the feature film, Bambi – which had been in production since 1937.
The low earnings of Fantasia and Pinocchio, the company had debts of $4 million with the Bank of America in 1944. The meeting with Bank of America executives had to discuss the future of the company. Disney’s production of the short films decreased in the late 1940s, which increased the competition in the animation market from Warner Bros, and Mero-Goldwyn-Mayer. Roy Disney suggested more combined animation and live-action productions. Disney started a series of popular live-action nature films called True-Life Adventures and Seal Island. As Disney grew older, he became more politically conservative. He became generous donor to Thomas E Dewey’s 1944 bid for the presidency, a supporter of the Democratic Party of the 1940 presidential election, as Disney switched allegiance to the republicans. Disney developed blueprints and went to work on creating a miniature live stream railroad in his backyard, when he and his family moved to Holmby Hills district of Los Angeles, with the help of his friends War and Betty Kimball, who had also have a backyard railroad. His home’s location, Carolwood Drive, he named the railroad, Carolwood Pacific Railroad. He shot two live-action features in Britain, Treasure Island and The Story of Robin Hood and His Merrie Men.
Disney’s Illness, Death, and Aftermath Disney had been a heavy smoker since World War I. He smoked a pipe as a young man, and did not use cigarettes with filters. In November 1966, he was treated with cobalt therapy and he was diagnosed with lung cancer. On November 30th, he felt unwell and was taken to St. Joseph Hospital where, on December 15, ten days after his 65th birthday, died of circulatory collapse caused by lung cancer.