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Role Of Religion In Society Essay

Religion is often seen as a controversial topic, with many people holding strong opinions either for or against it. However, despite its contentious nature, religion plays an important role in society. Religion can be defined as a set of beliefs concerning the cause, nature, and purpose of the universe, especially when considered as the creation of a superhuman agency or agencies (such as gods). It can also refer to the expression of these beliefs in community worship and ritual.

There are many different functions that religion serves in society. Perhaps the most basic is that it provides individuals with a sense of meaning and purpose. For many people, religion is a way to make sense of their place in the world and to understand why things happen. It can offer guidance on how to live one’s life and make moral choices. Religion can also provide a sense of community and support, as well as a sense of identity.

In addition to its personal functions, religion also plays a significant role in the social and political spheres. Religion can be a unifying force in society, bringing people together around shared beliefs and values. It can also act as a source of division, with different groups competing for power and influence. Religion can be used to justify discrimination and violence, but it can also be a force for promoting tolerance and understanding.

Religion is a complex phenomenon, and its role in society is just as varied. But despite its potential for controversy, there is no denying that religion plays an important role in the lives of individuals and in the functioning of society as a whole.

The title is using a clear functionalist argument to describe religion. Religion is a minor actor in socialization, yet it plays an important role in the lives of many people, even if we are not as religious as we once were, religion still influences our language because many of our laws and moral codes, which are intended to maintain a stable society, stem from the Bible.

Religion also provides a way of social control as people who break the rules set out by their religion can be ostracised from their community. Religion can also act as a form of social cohesion as it brings people together and gives them a sense of identity and belonging. Religion can also raise people’s self-esteem and provide them with a sense of purpose in life.

It can offer comfort in times of trouble and act as a support network. In conclusion, the role and function of religion in society is to provide a set of beliefs and values that helps to maintain order and stability, while also offering individuals a sense of identity, purpose and belonging.

Religion has been on decline in recent years however it still plays an important role in society. Religion functions to provide a set of beliefs and values that helps to maintain order and stability, while also offering individuals a sense of identity, purpose and belonging. Religion can act as a form of social cohesion by bringing people together and giving them a sense of identity. Religion can also raise self-esteem and provide a sense of purpose in life.

Examples of these are “thou shall not murder” and “thou shalt not steal.” These are morals that universally helps to keep order and consensus. Functionalists believe that religion provides a set of moral beliefs and practices for people to commonly adhere to, therefore it unites them, reinforcing Durkheim’s idea of ‘collective conscience.’ This suggests that society needs individuals to have these shared values in order to maintain stability and cross-cultural agreement.

Religion also provides a way of socialising individuals into these shared values. Religion also acts as a source of social control, discouraging people from breaking the law or engaging in unacceptable behaviour by teaching them that they will be punished after death if they do not behave in line with society’s expectations. Religion can therefore help to maintain social order and prevent crime.

In addition, religion often provides its followers with a sense of community and belonging, which can offer support and comfort, particularly in times of trouble or when people are facing difficult life events such as illness, bereavement or unemployment. Religion can also give people a sense of purpose in life and something to believe in, which can be helpful in times of hardship.

Functionalists, like Marxists, argue that the primary purpose of religion is to prevent change and preserve the “status quo,” but they disagree in that this has a very negative influence on us. They believe religion ideologically enslaves us by requiring us to accept certain ideas since our fate is controlled by God.

Religion therefore gives people a false sense of security and makes them feel content with their lives, when in fact they could be leading much better ones. Religion also legitimises inequality as it suggests that god has made some people rich and others poor and this is part of his ‘plan’. Religion therefore perpetuates class division and is the opiate of the people. Durkheim on the other hand argued that religion served three functions in society; social cohesion, regulation and communication.

Religion can bring people together by giving them a shared set of beliefs and values to live by, which helps bind society together. It can also help regulate behaviour by setting out rules and guidelines on how we should behave, which helps to maintain order in society. Religion can also act as a form of communication, as it can be used to express our thoughts and feelings about the world around us. Religion therefore plays a positive role in society by helping to maintain social order and cohesion.

In conclusion, religion can either have a positive or negative effect on society depending on how you look at it. It can be seen as a force for good, as it can bring people together and help regulate behaviour. However, it can also be seen as a force for evil, as it can legitimise inequality and prevent social change. Ultimately, it is up to the individual to decide whether they believe religion is a force for good or bad in society.

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