Immigration is one big problem that faces America today. It is a topic that is talked a lot about today. Immigrants flow into this country because they believe it to be the land of opportunity. Back when America was starting to settle the west, immigrants were flowing into the United States. They were coming through Ellis island to get a new start in life. Some of these immigrants came to build the railroads that exist today. It was a very hard and low paying job for them. They really did not care though because they were getting to start a new life in the new world.
Nowadays it is very hard for immigrants to get into the United States. Some come into the country legally, but at the same time many come into America illegally. It is very hard for immigrants to get a job and make a living in the United States. Politicians have been fighting over this issue for a long time. The politicians are faced with, weather to enforce immigration laws or set up programs to allow them to become citizens. Politician’s have many thoughts and plans to act out on immigration. Many people that talk about immigration are the politicians and government leaders.
Especially, since the presidential election is coming up. There are two sides to this issue. One of these sides wants to provide them citizenship. Certain politicians and government leaders are fighting hard to get this done. Some have gone to congress, while others are running for president to make this come true. When there is a side for providing citizenship to immigrants, there is also a side against it. They would rather deport them than allow them to live any longer in the United States of America.
They believe that immigrants are taking good jobs from hard working Americans. The people against immigration also do not like that the illegal immigrants do not have to pay taxes. This topic relates to The Working Poor because in the book, Shipler talks about immigrants and what they go through. He explains the situations they are in due to the fact that they are not citizens. Shipler also explains why they should become citizens because of what they do for our country. He also says that since they are not citizens, they are given low wages.
Low pay makes it difficult for them to make a living. Providing Citizenship and classes to immigrants will help solve the immigration issue that politicians have been trying to solve for such a long time. Immigrants serve as an asset to the United States economy, thus, politicians must integrate them into the United States through citizen programs and teachings. There are many politicians that believe in integrating immigrants into the American society. President Obama and the Democrats are the ones that really support allowing immigrants citizenship.
They want to provide protection to the immigrants that have entered this country illegally. They want to provide them benefits and protection. There was an executive order given by President Obama that said, “ Last November, President Obama sought to bring millions of people in the country illegally ‘out of the shadows. ’ Using an executive order, he attempted to change immigration policy to provide them with protection from deportation” (Greenblatt). President Obama really gets behind the idea that America is open to whoever may seek it for a better life.
Many programs have been set up to help in the process of providing protection and to become a citizen. One program is the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA. This program, that President Obama sought to expand, protects residence that are before the age of sixteen from being deported for two years (Greenblatt). An other programs that was enacted to protect immigrants was the Dreamers program. This programs was a great thing from immigrants because it, “This so-called Dreamers program had already provided nearly 640,000 undocumented youths with legal protection since its inception.
As many as 270,000 others could have been eligible under Obama’s new criteria, which eliminated the maximum age at which people could apply” (Greenblatt). These programs like the Dreamers program and the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals are great programs that protect and benefit immigrants, but imagine what would happen if politicians were able to grant them citizenship. That would allow, “ About 4. 4 million people were expected to be eligible to apply for legal status that would defer deportation and allow them to work legally.
They would have to pass background checks and pay taxes and would receive Social Security cards” (Greenblatt). This would be great for the politicians because if they granted them citizenship they would be improving the economy and many other thing. The economy would improve because all of these immigrants that were once illegal and did not have to pay regular, now have to pay these taxes because they are citizens. The Democrats and President Obama are not the only ones that support giving immigrants citizenship, there are some others politicians that support this idea. One of these so called politicians is John McCain.
The senator from Arizona, John McCain, was hurt politically from immigration back when he was leading the Republicans for president (Greenblatt). He really rather allow illegal immigrants get citizenship (Greenblatt). Many of the Republicans thought ill of what John McCain want, “The approach is seen by many Republican politicians and voters (and not a few Democrats) as akin to ‘amnesty,’ in effect rewarding those who broke the law to get into this country. Legislation that he helped craft with Sen. Edward M. Kennedy, D-Mass. , and the White House went down to defeat in both 2006 and 2007” (Greenblatt).
John McCain was still sided with the efforts to provide citizenship to the illegal immigrants, even though his house look down on him. In 2005, a vote was made that would name all 12 million illegal immigrants already in this country felon and were to be deported (Greenblatt). John, however, was disgusted by what his house wanted to do, so he rejected the approach the Republicans wanted to take. McCain takes a huge stand on immigration when he says, “On the stump, McCain talks about an 80-year-old woman who has lived illegally in the United States for 70 years and has a son and grandson serving in Iraq.
When challenged at Clemson University last November by a student who said he wanted to see all illegal immigrants punished, McCain said, ‘If you’re prepared to send an 80-year-old grandmother who’s been here 70 years back to some other country, then frankly you’re not quite as compassionate as I am’” (Greenblatt). He really nails it on the head when he says, “If you’re prepared to send an 80-year-old grandmother who’s been here 70 years back to some other country, then frankly you’re not quite as compassionate as I am” (Greenblatt).
Why would a 80 year old woman who has lived in this country illegal for 70 years have to even deal with that. That it what he is feeling when he is saying this. John would rather give them citizenship because they have been in America for who knows how long, and there would be no point in deporting them at that point. Whenever there is an argument, there is always another side to it. The other side would strengthen border security and enforce the immigration laws. The politicians that support this side are the Republicans.
Some of the Republicans are mixed on the issues, but the Grand Old Party wants the borders and laws toughened (Greenblatt). The Republicans have had many setbacks though. They have tried to make change on immigration, “ “However, a federal judge placed those changes on hold until a lawsuit challenging the executive action, filed by 26 states, is adjudicated. That case is still pending, but Republicans remain irate over what they view as Obama’s ‘executive amnesty’” (Greenblatt). The Republicans are very frustrated with what Obama is doing for immigrants.
They believe that he is overstepping his boundaries. Republicans have been blocking every proposal that Obama has had on immigration, because they believe that he is reaching far beyond his authority as the President of the United States (Greenblatt). They also block these proposals because the Republicans believe that the borders will become leaky, allowing terrorists and undocumented immigrants to flow into America (Greenblatt). That these undocumented immigrants will take jobs away from Americans and suppress wages (Greenblatt).
They have made many effort to stop Obama, like when Congressional Republicans tried to block Obama through legislation this year (Greenblatt). They later found out that they lack the votes to overcome the Democratic resistance (Greenblatt). It is pretty much a war over immigration between Republicans and Democrats. The Republicans had some issues though, “ ‘Unfortunately, the fight was never won in the other chamber,’ House Speaker John Boehner, R-Ohio, said in March. ‘Democrats stayed united and blocked our bill, and our Republican colleagues in the Senate never found a way to win this fight’” (Greenblatt).
This would cause them to have trouble moving more bills on immigration. In losing the fight talked about above, “ For the same reason, congressional Republicans also haven’t been able to move new legislation meant to address immigration, such as requiring that all employers use the federal E-Verify system to check the legal status of job applicants or abolishing birthright citizenship — the constitutional acknowledgement that all children born in the United States are citizens of the country” (Greenblatt).
This shows that the Republicans want to define what they think is a citizen to everyone. They believe if someone were to be a citizen of the United States then they must be born in the United States. Republicans also believe that bringing in these immigrants that are unskilled workers hurt us.