Jackson Pollock (Jackson Pollock, and Jackson Pollack, January 28, 1912 – August 11, 1956) is an influential American painter and abstract expressionist movement of the main forces. He is famous for his unique creation drip painting. In his life, he also enjoyed considerable fame and reputation: most of the time he is supposed to be a painter of seclusion; He has a temper, capricious and struggle with alcohol in most of the time in his life. After the second world war, Pollock became America’s symbol of a new generation of painting. His works fully adopted an abstract form for the first time, in the process of painting painters is subjective, emotionalized. Pollock’s paintings reflect his gentle character. He is the first of the so-called “pure” abstract painting painters, thus affecting a large number of artists in the United States and Europe. The purpose of this research paper is to explore the style, images and art technique which can be related to the experience and published work of Jackson Pollock. Because of the special experience of his childhood, most of the time in Jackson Pollock’s life are all in the struggle with alcohol. Pollock was born in 1912 in Cody, Wyoming is the smallest inside home five brothers. His parents, Stella and Leroy Pollock, in Iowa’s Katyn, grew up. His father was the name of each, but the parents have died within a year, has been adopted by neighbors, thus the surname.
Stella and Leroy are Presbyterian, the mother is an Irish descent, father is a Scottish ancestry. Le Roy was a farmer, then do the surveyor in the government. Jackson Pollock in Arizona and California, section chief. When he was in California’s Mr. Parker live, he entered the Manual art High School in Los Angeles (Manual Arts High School). Follow father measurement process, as a youth he influenced by American Indian culture. Benton American rural subject matter works of Pollock is only temporary, but his painting and the independence of the strong rhythmic of Pollock had a bigger impact. In order to give up drinking, from 1938 to 1941,pollock by Dr. Joseph Henderson Jung psychotherapy, from 1941 to 1942, accepted the Violet Stab DE Laszlo the doctor’s treatment. Henderson, the doctor decided to make him into writing and painting Pollock, for many of his works appeared during Jung’s concept. Recently some people think that Pollock may be suffering from bipolar disorder. Under the condition of long-term isolation and pressure, Pollock is found that the only way to release yourself alcohol and painting. During this period, he created a lot of work to give vent to his feelings. Such as “men and women”, his early works expressed his inner feeling confused, fear and anger.
Another is a great influence pollock’s life experience, in 1945, he moved to East Hampton and his wife. In 1936, Pollock in a Mexican muralist, David Arron aflame west, Ross’s experimental studio for the first time contact liquid coating, since he is in early 1940 s with the method of splashing paint on canvas as a kind of painting skills, such as “a man and a woman” (Male and Female) and “pour works no. 1” .After he moved to Springs, he began to lay the canvas on the ground of workshop, developed became known as “drip painting” painting skills. At this point, he used a synthetic resin called alkyd enamel coating, this is a kind of new coating at the time. Pollock the household paint rather than the use of paint used by artists referred to as the “natural growth” demand he used a hard brush, sticks, and even oil injector as an instrument of painting. Pollock splashing and dripping paint technique is considered to be one of the origins of “action painting”.According to the article Clement Greenberg(American-Type’Painting) says, “I took one look at it and I thought, ‘Now that’s great art,’ and I knew Jackson was the greatest painter this country had produced”.(p.2)He works slowly accepted, his way of writing got great success. No.5, 1948” is Pollock’s famous painting work.
In 1948 5, is Jackson Pollock “drip painting” the high-quality goods, the canvas was nailed on the board, the color of the canvas with yellow, white, tan, and black, look a little messy. This painting auction on November 3, 2006, shows the highest global painting works, $140 million, acquisition of ICONS, a Mexican financier. This freedom is bold and unrestrained, amorphous abstract painting style, become a bind, the embodiment of the American spirit of freedom. The new painting reflected the painter amazing creativity. It fully shows the novelty and originality in two ways. The composition of the full picture “style. We know that the paintings of past, often there is a closely watched visual center. Whether the so-called “closed” classical painting, or “open” baroque painting, picture image has the core image and foil image difference. Now, in pollock’s picture, this difference disappeared without a trace, called the center of the picture, has no trace can be found at all.
According to the article “Jackson Pollock Biography, Drip-Paintings Of Abstract Expressionist Inventor of ‘Action-Painting’” He said, “Modern artists live in a machine age, and we have the method to draw realistic objects, such as cameras, photos, and in my opinion, the artist’s work is to express the inner world.”(Chapter.4)For art critics, perhaps Pollock made the art, but for Pollock himself, it’s more like a painting to save his soul. “Autumn Rhythm, No.30” is one of Pollock’s famous “Drops Painting”.created a complex linear skeleton. For this initial layer, paint diluted, so that it soaked in the length of the primer of canvas, thus inextricably joined image and support. On the black frame, Pollock made a complex white, brown, and turquoise line, have the opposite visual rhythm and feel: light and dark, thick, thin, buoyancy, straight line and curve, the horizontal and vertical. Due to the complexity of painting textures paragraphs – such as the mixture of two colors meet whirlpool and paint overlapping accumulation formation of skin wrinkles – almost invisible lines of chaos.
Although unrepresentative pollock’s image, the rhythm of the autumn is not only on the title, and in color, horizontal, can arouse the natural ground and space. Pollock’s paintings basic meaning is to get rid of all ties, the pursuit of extreme freedom and openness, it encourages the development of the human consciousness of bold creation. Pollock with great heroic high precision and redefined the painting art, not only will be the biggest picture and creative way, in view of the whole creation also has broken the traditional boundaries, is painting, and action art, concept art, and even bring some sculpture, break through the viewer completely existing aesthetic mold.
Pollock has put the canvas to imagine “space, can be replicated, redesign, analyze, or” express “as an object…(but) is a place for the action. In this sense, this is only a short step, the canvas movement of pollock is a kind of performing art. Since then, only increase pollock’s reputation. Many biographies, biopic movie, the main theme of retrospective, he not only has become one of the most famous symbols of alienation of modern artists, as well as the most glorious moment of critics and historians of the implementation of the scheme of modernism in the United States.