July 28, 1914 would be the beginning of what was called World War I or “The Great War” because it was meant to be the war to end all wars. Until September 1, 1939 when the inevitable World War II broke out and to this day there is still no one event which is said to be the origin of this war. The years between these two great wars would be a very unstable time period for the economy partially due to the Great Depression that would shock the world beginning around 1930. December 8, 1941 a rough date the would forever be remembered as the beginning of the pacific war.
Sometimes called the Asia- Pacific war, the pacific war was a war between Thailand, Japanese puppet states and the Empire of Japan against the US, britain and Australia during World War II fought in east and pacific Asia and also china. This war would hold many of histories greatest battles while simutameously changing the future. The pacific war was an extremely bloody battles with thousands of casualties and it stretched over the course of 3 years and 8 months ending on September 2, 1945 finally bringing a short lived sense of peace.
During this near 4 years many battles would take place, including the Battle of Singapore, Battle of the Java sea, Battle of the Coral Sea, The battle of Midway and many more. These were just a few of the major campaigns of World War II that may have ended but history has been written and they will never be forgotten. The battle of Singapore, or “The Fall of Singapore” is to this day still widely considered the worst defeat of Britain in World War II. The Fall of Singapore was an attack launched by the Japanese army of around 36,000 on singapore which was controlled by the British at the time.
The island in the South-East Asian theatre of the Second World War was under protection by over 90,000 troops at the time when the empire of japan would attack this British stronghold. At the time of the attack, this stronghold would be considered a crucial part to the British Empire. Ironiconically, it was supposedly unable to be penetrated. After just a single week the Commonwealth troops would surrender causing upwards of 80,000 troop including the commander to be forced to become prisoners of war and Singapore would be lost to the Japanese.
After 7 days of fighting on February 15, 1942 the Commonwealth troops had already suffered over 5,000 casualties. The fall of Singapore really showed us the war tactics and the lengths that Japan would go in the far east. Speed and Savagery, two words the Japanese army could be described as at this time. They would strike quickly and without warning. The Japanese would travel on bikes and be able to arrive and attack silently before the british even knew what hit them. In the end when the dust would settle the Japanese would have captured Singapore leaving the british dismantled and needing to be rebuilt.
The Battle of Midway, beginning only 6 months after Japans attack on pearl harbor. One Admiral Yamamoto said that post pearl harbor the japanese would only be able to hold power over the U. S. for 6 months to a year. One of the first major encounters in the pacific between Japanese forces and the U. S.. The battle of midway would take place in early june of 1942, just a few days that would have a major impact on the future course of the conflict between the two countries. The Japanese would launch an attack on the islands of Aleutian on June 3, 1942 in an unsuccessful attempt to draw attention from the true target.
The japanese true target would be the Midway Atoll. However; prior to the japanese foolish attempt at creating a diversion, the Americans had already broken the Japanese naval code and were able to decode and get information on what was being planned. Just a few days into the fighting between U. S. and Japanese soldiers on June 4 due to the refusal to give up, the US forced enemies to abandon the plan of invading Midway. In doing so the US would also cause Japan to lose over 200 aircraft along with all four participating carriers during the battle, delivering a major blow to the air and naval powers of japan.
With the US having won the battle of midway through the strength of the defense they would send the Japanese packing. The loss of the japanese carriers would stop the expansion in the pacific of the Empire of Japan putting them on the defensive. With this defeat coming exactly 6 months after pearl Admiral Yamamoto had been correct in his prediction. June 15, 1944 the battle of Saipan would begin during the pacific campaigns of world war II. American forces would launch an attack on the Mariana Islands, specifically the Saipan islands. The U. S. agan this battle with a clear goal in mind.
The U. S. wanted to gain a very important air base that could be crucial for America. This air base just so happened to be in perfect and within direct striking distance of Japans home islands. As the Japanese had a fierce reputation to with-hold for always putting up a great fight they would not disappoint. As american soldiers began to march inland the Japanese never seaced to put up a strong fight, to the point where it was clear they had lost the position and would continue to not back down to a much stronger army force.
The fighting reached its most brutal and bloody point when they reached Mount tapotchau which was the highest point on the island rising some 1550 feet. By the time the dust would clear on July 9th when the U. S. finally raised the flag in victory many of the japanese soldiers would have already killed themselves and many others were killed by american soldiers. There were over 30,000 japanese troops dead including all four of the commanders in charge while the U. S. would suffer 3,000 deaths and 13,000 wounded. Now, with control over the island the U. S. ow had the option of launching its B-29 which was a long range bomber which was aimed the home islands of Japan.
With this defeat, Japan would would suffer its first defeat in war on japanese territory that did not come during Japans aggressive expansion attempts by way of invasion in 1941 and 1942. The battle of Okinawa, possibly the most bloody pacific campaign of World War II. Over the course of nearly 3 months, beginning on April 1 and finally ending on June 22 the battle would be faught over the islands Okinawa in 1945. America had a clear purpose for wanting to control the islands at the southern tip of Japan.
The U. S. wanted to have the island to be able to create a base for possible future air raids upon Japan. Also with this island the U. S. would be able to practice and perfect the invasion planned on Japan’s main islands. America would yet again run into an intense japanese army that would refuse to back down. By the end of the battle on June 22, the U. S. would have already suffered over 45,000 casualties of american men and about a fourth of which were deaths. The japanese with an army of nearly 110,000 men by the last day would have only 10,000 men left standing roughly. Easily the largest ambiguous