The limitations of cyber crime are getting pushed beyond its boundaries frequently now days. The Cyber Crime is now no more limited to few sporadic incidents of unauthorized access to a particular computer or a particular cyberspace with a view to damaging its data or sabotaging the system which few years were called the Computer Espionage. The cyber crime has spread to such proportion that a formal categorization of this crime is no more possible. Every single day gives birth to a new kind of cyber crime making every single effort to stop it almost a futile exercise.
Regular stories featured in the media on computer crime include topics covering hacking to viruses, web-jackers, to internet pedophiles, sometimes accurately portraying events, sometimes misconceiving the role of technology in such activities. Increase in cyber crime rate has been documented in the news media. Both the increase in the incidence of criminal activity and the possible emergence of new varieties of criminal activity pose challenges for legal systems, as well as for law enforcement.
Computer crime is ever increasing:- Talking about the nature or a potential extent of the problem, U.S. Deputy Attorney General Eric Holder says, “How big is the computer and high-tech crime problem? We simply don’t know. We do know that computer crime costs industry and society billions of dollars every year. There is substantial evidence that computer crime is increasing in scope and in complexity. And we know that, left unchallenged, computer crime will stifle the expansion of electronic commerce and, potentially, pose a serious threat to public health and safety, particularly when we look at the vulnerability of critical infrastructures, such as the air traffic control system, the power grid, and national defence systems-all of which are totally dependent on computer networks”.
The emergence of new verities of crimes posts new challenges to the current legal systems. It can be rightly said that one can’t specifically say that how large internet related problems are. Internet keeps on discovering new opportunities and multiplier benefits for illicit businesses. The dependency over internet can be understood from the fact that starting from public health and safety systems to critical infrastructure systems like air traffic control system, power grids and equipments relating to National defence all have got one thing in common that is usage of internet. All of the above mentioned things posses’ huge importance with them and have ver0y in-large contribution relating developmental prospects of any nation. Of late it is rightly observed that we are experiencing more and more of cyber crimes as majority of the people have switched to fourth mode of communication i.e. internet from previous modes which are gestures, speech and writing. Internet has also opened new avenues of commerce, trade and communication like never before. It is a kind of network which deals with billions of transactions on daily basis.
Identification posses major challenge for cyber crime. One thing which is common it comes to identification part in cyber crime is Anonymous identity. It is quite an easy task to create false identity and commit crime over internet using that identity. Cyber crime being technology driven evolves continuously and ingeniously making it difficult for cyber investigators in finding solution related to cyber law crimes. Crimes committed over internet are very different in nature when compared to the physical world. In crimes relating to cyber space there is nothing sort of physical foot prints, tangible traces or objects to track cyber criminals down. Cyber crimes posses huge amount complications when it comes to investigation. There can be scenario where crimes committed over internet involve two or more different places in completely different direction of the world. This complicates the jurisdictional aspect of crimes relating to internet.
Cyber crimes can be basically categorized into three parts:
- Cyber crimes against persons.
- Cyber crimes against property.
- Cyber crimes against government.
Cybercrimes committed against persons include various crimes like transmission of child-pornography, harassment of any one with the use of a computer such as e-mail. The trafficking, distribution, posting, and dissemination of obscene material including pornography and indecent exposure, constitutes one of the most important Cybercrimes known today. The potential harm of such a crime to humanity can hardly be amplified.
The second category of Cyber-crimes is that of Cybercrimes against all forms of property. These crimes include computer vandalism (destruction of others’ property), transmission of harmful programmes.
The third category of Cyber-crimes relate to Cybercrimes against Government. Cyber terrorism is one distinct kind of crime in this category. The growth of internet has shown that the medium of Cyberspace is being used by individuals and groups to threaten the international governments as also to terrorize the citizens of a country. This crime manifests itself into terrorism when an individual “cracks” into a government or military maintained website.