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Human Trafficking Sociology

Human trafficking has been around since the early ages of society but it was not until the early 21st century that it grew out of control and finally became acknowledged. Multiple foundations are created to help find and protect victims, and countless blockbuster movies have revolved around human trafficking like Taken. This movie is about a girl who goes to Europe to follow her favorite band, and while she is at the first stop –Paris– she and her friend are abducted and her father goes all around France to find his daughter. Discounting the compelling plot line, the movie sheds light on the dark cloud that encompasses sex trafficking.

The girls in the movie and the ones in real life are both put on drug highs so that when they are being abused they do not feel or remember anything. Nations all around the world must stand up and educate the public on the cruelty of this crime, and the effects it has on the victims later in life. To understand this crime better, the public should learn about the children, men, and women that are trafficked every year and about the various psychological hardships that are left behind as scars. Children The definition of child labor is [any job] done by any working child who is under the age specified by law.

The word, “work” means full time commercial work to sustain self or add to the family income (Shrivastava). Street children, bonded children, sexually exploited children and migrant children are some of the categories used to distinguish child labor. Street children are the children who are living off and on the streets, such as shoeshine boys, rag pickers, newspaper-vendors, and beggars (Shrivastava). Bonded children have been either pledged by the their parents for miserable sums of money or those who are working to pay off inherited debts of their fathers (Shrivastava).

Sexually exploited children are thousands of young girls and boys [that] serve the sexual appetites of men from all social and economic backgrounds (Shrivastava). In her article Human Trafficking- A Geographical Perspective, visiting fellow for the Department of Geography of Singapore, Sallie Yea writes about how boys from Bangladesh, India and Pakistan are recruited around the age of five are taken and sold to the United Arab Emirates (UAE) to become camel jockeys (2). Traffickers tell the parents that the children will earn large sums of money, some of which will be sent home (2).

The boys that are subjected to this go through several forms of abuse including lack of food (for racing purposes) and electric shock as punishment (2). In her article Yea also states that: People with disabilities are also demanded by organised begging rings in Asia, Latin America, Africa and Southern Europe. Because they are thought to generate more sympathy – and therefore more money – traffickers often target children born with disabilities and disfigurements and send them to the streets to beg where they are constantly watched by an overseer.

In India and Bangladesh this is very common with many previously healthy, normally developing children thought to also have been deliberately mutilated and disfigured by traffickers. One report in India suggests joints of the bones of children who are abducted or sold are injected with bleach which produces infection and, eventually, amputation. Afterwards the children are sent to the street to beg, often for upwards of 15 hours a day. Often these children are bought from impoverished parents with false promises that the children will be provided with work and an education.

Tourism is thought to fuel this business since disfigured child beggars are usually deployed in areas where there are high numbers of foreign tourists who tend to be highly sympathetic to the plights of these children, not knowing the circumstances that lead to their begging (see Child Right 2006). In the article “Bring Back All Girls”, Belinda Luscombe and Rana Foroohar assert that “In May 2013, 17 pregnant girls ages 14 to 17 were rescued from a so called baby farm, an orphanage in Imo, in the southeast, where they had all been impregnated, reportedly by the same man.

The infants they bore were being sold off for adoption, forced labor or worse. ” The conditions that the children are forced to go through are atrocious. Most of these children do not even get paid for their work, their bosses or owners take the money that is earned for themselves (Yea). Children all around the world are trafficked every day because of the lies told to their families and public knowledge can help stop it. Men and Women Regarding the fact that there are close to 5. 5 million children being trafficked each year for abhorrent reasons, many men and women are forced into labor, and sexual exploitation.

In India men use an excuse on why they are permitted to rape and take these victims: the women are dedicated to a Goddess by the name of “devadasis”, the women are forced to prostitute themselves and entertain men in order to invoke the blessings of the deity (Dhawan). As well as the women, men are also taken into sexual exploitation (Dhawan). Males outnumber women in the area of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI), this is because there has been a large increase in homosexual practices (Dhawan).

The World Health Organization (WHO) have estimated that there have been 150 million [women] and 73 million [men] that have experienced forced sexual intercourse or other forms of sexual violence (Dhawan). Traffickers dupe men and women by giving them job offers. Once the victim agrees they are charged exorbitant fees for recruitment, visas, travel, housing, food, and tools (Hepburn and Simon). Because of this method of recruitment the victims are thrown into an endless cycle of debt which they are forced to repay (Hepburn and Simon). 2. million (10%) of male victims are in state imposed forms of labor, such rebel armies, state militaries and prisons (Hepburn and Simon).

In their book Human Trafficking Around the World Stephanie Hepburn and Rita J. Simon retell an event that happened to forced laborers in Thailand in 2006 in a shrimp processing plant: They worked between 16 and 20 hours a day and were paid $12. 97 a month. Those who asked to leave, complained, or made an error on the factory line suffered terrible retribution. Workers face public humilation: they were striped naked, publicly beten, had their hair shaved or cut, and were paraded in front of their coworker.

Workers who asked for a break had metal rods thrust up their nostrils. Other workers claimed to have been sexually molested as punishment. Organ trafficking is a branch of human trafficking that encompasses mostly men. ’Kidney Hunters’ are men that seek our candidates in poor localities that are hired by crime bosses (Scheper-Hughes). Sellers are paid between $2,000 and $3,000 for a ‘spare’ organ (Scheper-Hughes). In the article “Perpetual Scars”, Nancy Scheper-Hughes talks about how “transplant tourists suffered an alarming rate of postoperative complications and mortalities resulting from mismatched organs.

Men and women also suffer from extortion and pain. From being used sexually, to the abuse in their labor, and to organ trafficking. Citizens all over the world need to realize how crude and dark the lives of trafficked men and women actually is, so necessary help and protection measures can be taken. Psychological Effects Human trafficking encompasses many different people, from so many different backgrounds; therefore the victims –if they can be rescued– go through many different healing processes, starting with mental traumas.

In her article “Risk Factors For Mental Disorders In Women Survivors of Human Trafficking; A Historical Cohort Study”, Dr. Melanie Abas writes about how both trafficked men and women in human trafficking display mental traumas characterised by physical and sexual violence. Dr. Abas also addresses the ways in which society can be a very important stress factor because of the discrimination victims of human trafficking can receive. In older studies previous before this one it was noted that, “high levels of of symptoms of depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [were found] among women survivors of human trafficking”.

The most common mental disorders for victims are PTSD and depression, which Dr. Abas says are most likely due by a range of predisposing, precipitating and maintaining factors. “Childhood abuse would be associated with increased risk of mental disorder at an average of 6 months post-return, even after adjusting for pre-trafficking socio-economic position. ” Public awareness of these disorders can help society understand how they, themselves can help victims to survive and overcome those hardships. From the sickening truth about the 5. million children being trafficked each year to the dark premises of how forced labor and abuse affect both men and women, to the horrid background behind organ trafficking, and finally to the traumatic effects that are left behind.

All these things are examples why the public must become more aware and knowledgeable in the world of human traffic. If the public is kept in the dark for too long, human trafficking will grow out of control with no stopping point and half the world will become a home for the trafficking ring, Society needs to comprehend how we can help victims and make them feel safe and not alone.

We also need to help the victims raise their voices to catch their perpetrators. Nations all over the world need to help victims realize that they are safe and will not be judged when they speak up against the crime. These are some of the many gray areas that surround human trafficking. Society and the Nations around the world must help to stand, rise, and defend these victims, and the spread knowledge of this crime will only be the beginning.

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