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ETHICAL DILEMMA IN THE USE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

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Ethical dilemma is a decision between two alternatives, both of which will bring an antagonistic outcome in light of society and individual rules. It is a basic leadership issue between two conceivable good objectives, neither of which is unambiguously worthy or ideal. The unpredictability emerges out of the situational strife in which obeying one would bring about transgressing another (Melissa, 2017).

The utilization and spread of information advancements has been reformed and supported by the rise and improvement of computer innovations. Electronic systems have permitted trade of information, yet it has additionally accompanied new difficulties. Rights and obligations in the way accessible information is utilized have offered ascent of some ethical problems. Ethical difficulties enormously influence organizations and particularly private companies that might not have huge capital costs and mastery to manage ethical situations in the usage of innovations.

Computer Crime

Computer crimes have commonly been referred to as e-crime, cybercrime as well as electronic crime, these are activities that are performed by experienced and knowledgeable computer professionals normally called hackers. The activities in their basic nature are illegal as they tend to revolve around unlawful manipulation of individuals and organizations information. This normally involves browsing or stealing individuals or organizations private information. Most computer crime is done with malicious intents of corrupting or destroying computer systems or data files (Chron, n.d).

Intellectual Property

Protected innovation is the production of a business and incorporates the name, outlines, creations, pictures and images that an organization employs. The achievement of a business to a great extent relies upon these aspects. Information technology has enabled different organizations to duplicate these innovations from others and utilizes them as their own. A portion of these developments are from the medium-size firms (SMEs), whose endeavors may not be completely used hence don’t increase any monetary earnings. This is because their creations are unprotected and are normally taken by enormous organizations who can afford to rapidly market the developments or item. To maintain a strategic claim to these developments, the SMEs should patent their developments, therefore keeping contenders from mimicking or duplicating their products (Chron, n.d).

Software Piracy

This is the unlawful duplicating of programs, regardless of whether purposely or unconsciously. Programming theft disregards copyright assertions. In 2002, 39 percent of business application programs were pilfered in the U.S. Programs theft can be exorbitant, particularly for organizations, as it prompts noteworthy misfortunes. In 2002 alone, the software business in the U.S. lost an aggregate of $13 billion. There might be contentions that individual theft may not be unscrupulous as it prompts computer education and may even prompt future buy of the product. Be that as it may, the predicament may come in when theft is done on an expansive scale, as this will prompt genuine misfortunes for programs makers, particularly the individuals who are little scale makers. Huge organizations like Microsoft can scarcely feel the misfortune as they have an approach to secure their product yet little scale organizations would enormously be affected as they are probably going to bring about huge misfortunes, which may in the long run prompt the conclusion of their businesses. Independent venture firm’s motivation to keep making new programs is likewise diminished as they fear their works would be pilfered (Chron, n.d).

Job Displacement

The utilization of information technology may require less spending of labor and this has made ethical predicaments by constraining a few organizations to decrease their workforce. Different organizations give their representatives a greater number of parts than required, in this manner, expanding work pressure. Constraining representatives out of their employments or giving them more work without included advantages is deceptive. The individuals who have lost their occupations ought to be adjusted, yet this is troublesome for littlest scale organizations since they need adequate assets to do as so (Chron, n.d).

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