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Essay On The Causes Of The Revolutionary War

Have you ever wondered what it was like during the events that lead up to the Revolutionary War? So many events occurred during this period in time. Some of these events were the Navigation Acts of 1660, the French and Indian War: 1754-1763, Pontiac’s Rebellion and Proclamation of 1763, the Sugar Act: 1764, the Stamp Act: 1765, the Declaratory Act: 1766, the Townsend Act: 1767, the Boston Massacre: 1770, the Boston Tea Party: 1773, and last but not least the Intolerable Acts: 1774. All of these events are very important!

Now, let’s take a look at the event that started this war in history: the Navigation Acts of 1660! Between 1650 and 1696, the British Parliament passed a series of Navigation Acts that limited colonial trade by using mercantilism. The Navigation Acts forbade the colonists from trading specific items such as sugar and cotton with other countries besides England, it required colonists to use English ships to transport goods, and Parliament passed other acts that required all trade goods to pass through English ports. The colonists were not happy.

They will protest about the unfair taxes and requirements they were expected to do. England responded to their protests by saying it would benefit everyone because there was a steady market for these goods in England. The majority of colonists did not agree. Some of the colonists decided to smuggle items in and out of the colonies because of the overall treatment by the British. The British and the colonists militia will defeat the French, Native Americans, and the Spanish during this war. The British will leave a permanent army in the colonies to protect them from any Native American threats or attacks.

As a result, Prime Minister George Greenville asked Parliament to pass increased taxes on the colonies to pay for the war debt and protection. The colonists felt they were independent now, and the British Parliament needed their consent before taxing the colonists. The colonists spoke out against the taxation without representation. Chief Pontiac, unsatisfied with the French’s agreements to hand over land that did not belong entirely to them, decided to carry on a war effort against the British after the conclusion of the French and Indian War.

This war, Pontiac’s Rebellion, was over the expansion of the English colonies into the frontier, which primarily belonged to the Native Americans. The British were both physically and financially broken after the long, costly war with the French, Indians, and Spanish. As a result, they would have to agree to leave and remove settlers from the Ohio River Valley in the Proclamation of 1763. The British had plans to repay the war debt by means of the newly acquired fur trade they had won from the French. However, they hadn’t anticipated the Native Americans would keep fighting since they were out of supplies.

They had to surrender by signing the Proclamation of 1763, which ordered the colonists out of frontier, but many colonists didn’t follow that order, because there was too much profit to be made, not to mention it is hard to govern colonies from across an ocean. The colonists felt they needed more land to expand. England became furious for disobeying the agreement in the Proclamation of 1763. The Sugar Act is passed to raise money from the colonies for Britain in order to pay for protection against the Native Americans in the frontier. So, in order for Britain to do that, they decide to place taxes on sugar.

The colonists become very upset. They believe they had not started the war with the French and Indians. Colonists felt as if they had no presentation in Parliament. Samuel Adams founds the Committees of Correspondence to improve communication among the colonies in this disagreement with their mother country of England. The theme “ no taxation without representation” becomes a common saying in the colonies. The Stamp Act: 1765 was not a tax on stamps that you were to put on a piece of mail to sent to someone. The Stamp Act: 1765 was a tax on newspapers, licenses, and colonial paper products.

The colonists were not very fond of this new tax, as well as Samuel Adams and the Sons of Liberty, and they sometimes used violence. So, a series of resolutions are published, stating that the Stamp Act: 1765 violates the rights of colonists. The Stamp Act was repealed by Parliament in 1766. The Declaratory Act: 1766 was a law that stated that Parliament can make laws for the colonies at any point and in all cases. However, the colonists start to feel that they are losing direct control over the colonies. They also feel as if the British crown believes they are not capable of making their own laws and hearing their own court cases.

The Townsend Act: 1767 is when Parliament decided to demand taxes on glass, lead, paint, etc. for the colonies. The colonists took action! The colonists will boycott these items. Then, in 1770, due to the tensions as a result of the Boston Massacre, the Townsend Act: 1767 was repealed. The Boston Massacre: 1770 was a huge mess! The colonists in Boston were taunting and insulting the British soldiers. First, the colonists were mocking the soldiers: such as marching and battle formation. Then, the colonists started to throw snowballs, pieces of ice, clubs, and other objects while chanting “ go ahead and fire” and “shoot us”.

The British just couldn’t handle this abuse any longer. So, the British soldiers began to fire into the crowd of colonists, killing at least five men. The colonists protested and brought the soldiers to trial. Also, the Townsend Act was repealed in 1770 only to ease tension after the Boston Massacre, but they will keep the tax on tea. During this event, the tea act is passed, making the British tea cheaper than the colonial tea. The colonists are ordered to purchase tea from the British East India company only. Well, the colonists aren’t very happy with this.

The colonists begin to protest, not by verbal action but physical action. The colonists decided to protest by dumping the shipments of British tea into the Boston Harbor. During this event, the Boston Harbor is closed until tea is paid for. The British troops are quartered. Also, the Massachusetts Charter is cancelled and the royal officials accused of crimes will be sent back to Britain to stand trial. Then, General Thomas Gage, a British favorite, became the new governor of Massachusetts. The colonists resentment toward Britain builds.

The colonists start to consider that maybe they should separate from Great Britain, but they are still hoping to work out their differences diplomatically. The events leading up to the Revolutionary War were tragic and hard, but the colonists got through the Navigation Acts of 1660, the French and Indian War: 1754-1763, Pontiac’s Rebellion and Proclamation of 1763, the Sugar Act: 1764, the Stamp Act: 1764, the Declaratory Act: 1766, the Townsend Act: 1767, the Boston Massacre: 1770, the Boston Tea Party: 1773, and the Intolerable Acts: 1774. They barely survived, but ultimately they got through it all.

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