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Ergogenic Aids

Ergogenic in the term is “work to produce”. The reason why athletes take the ergogenic aids is that they fear of losing. It is not surprising that athletes want to try the newest ergogenic aid since sporting competitions are sometimes won by a difference of 1/100th.

This supplement sometimes added to the diet to make up for an additional nutritional however, some athletes consume dietary supplements to improve the health and performance. Athletes at the ancient days would eat the heart or liver of an animal, such as lion or deer, to increase their swiftness, courage or strength but on the nowadays, the uses of the ergogenic aid are not surprising. In order to improve our performance and hasten recovery, athletes and coaches use various way to improved performance which known as Ergogenic Aids. Ergogenic Aids may influence the physiological capacity of our body but may also affect our performance. There are few categories of the ergogenic aids that is:

Why the athletes take the ergogenic aids?

To enhance their performance during high-intensity activity. It gives you a mental or physical edge while exercising or competing. And also to improve or maintain their top performance during the competition to increase the chance of seizing the victory.

The substances of ergogenic aids that not been banned.

There are several ergogenic aids that are safe to use include the following:

Protein Powder

The protein is used to build the muscle or strength you want but if you don’t consume enough protein, you won’t be able to build the muscle. Although plenty of the expensive brands of protein are available the plain whey protein is the best than others.

Fish Oil

Fish oil is not just to help the athlete to deal with injuries, swelling, and inflammation, it also lubricates your joints so they can get less wear and tear to our muscles. This is because of the athlete in the training or in the middle of the season that always get injuries.

Green Supplements

To the athletes that lack of vegetable and the vitamins and minerals daily they can take the green supplement to recover their nutrition in their body. It also can shorten the time to the athlete for recovery their muscles and tissues. It also can avoid the athlete from injuries such as cramping.

Branched Chain Amino Acids (BCAAs)

BCAAs is used to boost the immune system. BCAAs can provide energy to do endurance activities because itself accelerate the protein to break down into amino acids the body can use. It has been shown to delayed fatigue as a result.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D helps the body to absorb the calcium for your bones to be strong. It also helps the immune system to works optimally. Vitamin D helps you to stay longer when you play outdoor games but if you play indoor games, you should take Vitamin D during the off-season.

Water

The body is made up from the 70 percent water and your muscle is held most of that. The drinking of the water may be the simplest thing athletes can do to stay healthy and prevent the body from dehydrates. Example, when the football plays the games, they need water to restore the energy that athletes lose. The water that athletes drink consists the oxygen that will help the athletes to perform better.

Advantages of medication for ergogenic aids

Carbohydrate loading

It is now recognized that adequate dietary carbohydrate in the days and hours before strenuous training and competition is critical to maintaining adequate glycogen levels in the muscles. Increasing consumption of carbohydrates in liquid or food form normally three days prior to an endurance-type event is, therefore, a way to enhance performance. Endurance athletes, such as marathon runners, rely on their stores of glycogen as a source of energy during competition and carbohydrate loading is a method for boosting the amount of glycogen in the body before a competition.

Proper nutrition

Proper nutrition means selecting good food choices and diets that lead to maintaining health while also reducing major risk factors for diseases. The estimated average daily calorie requirement is 1940 calories per day for women and 2550 for men. If the level of activity is increased, high performance can be achieved by increasing the calorie intake according to a sound nutrition basis.

Electrolyte solutions

The body requires a certain amount of fluid intake on a daily basis to function and the minimum is about equal to four 8-ounce glasses (one liter or one quart). Strenuous activity and excessive sweating call for two to three times this basic amount. It has been shown that a fluid loss equivalent to 2% of body weight can impair performance and lead to heat exhaustion at 5%. Electrolyte solutions not only provide fluid but also contain electrolytes, the salts, and minerals required for various functions by the body and that are also lost by sweating.

Stress management

The increased stress of competitive sports can affect athletes both physically and mentally such that their performance abilities are lowered. Stress may lead to excessive tension, increased heart rates, cold sweats, and anxiety about the outcome of the competition. Stress management techniques are recognized ergogenic aids that help maintain concentration, confidence, control, and commitment. Relaxation techniques: Relaxation is especially important for high-performance athletic activities. It promotes rest, recovery and recuperation while removing stress-related reactions, such as increased muscular tension. In addition, relaxation contributes to the maintenance of positive physical and mental states.

But, there are some ergogenic aids has been banned by the government because of many issues and health problem may affect the athlete performance in the long term. The question is why some ergogenic aids banned? Based on professional research, some substance is illegal to use is because it may.

Statistic

An experiment has been carried out by the scientist about an effective supplement that is ergogenic aids. This experiment has been carried out among professional athletes. This research is using 600 athletes that are 216 women and 384 men that are asked to practice various sports disciplines. The athletes have been divided into two classified that is a younger group and older group. The younger group consisted 307 people that is 18 to 23 years old and the rest of it is the older one that is 24 to 35 years old. In this research they using a questionnaire that was used with a question concerning the frequency and types of consumed supplements.

Then the result has been carried out that nearly half of the athletes that is 48.2% said they are taking supplementation, 36.7% consumed the supplement occasionally and 11.5% still taking the supplement. The most people in the group that is 75.4% are admitted to take isotonic drinks that were the most commonly chosen nutritional aid enhancing physical performance. The least is frequently used a supplement that was creatine. This research also showed that men are the most are taking the ergogenic aids than the women that are men is 50.5% and the women are 44.1% that take the ergogenic aids.

So as the conclusion from this experiment, competitors who use supplements over those who choose not to, seems to reflect the continued lack of the athletes’ sufficient awareness of the effectiveness, safety, and health benefits of dietary supplementation that enhances physical performance.

A substance that has been banned

National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and Olympics commission has banned the several substances such as anabolic and other steroids, Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), Diuretics, Blood doping, Ephedrine, human growth hormone (HGH) and take away supplement. It is because they didn’t bring a lot of benefit to our body and performance but bring more harmful to an athlete. Many drugs, supplements, and practices can give athletes unfair advantages and also the more damage than the stripping an athlete of a title. Anabolic and other steroids that affect the person can cause a long-term health problem or even the death. In the end, it better to training, dedication, hydrating fluids and the proper diet than taking the ergogenic aids to boost your performance.

Anabolic and other steroids

Anabolic and other steroids that affect the person can cause a long-term health problem or even the death. In the end, it better to training, dedication, hydrating fluids and the proper diet than taking the ergogenic aids to boost your performance.

Illegal according to the law and in the sporting events. The effect to the athletes is numerous and potentially fatal. Examples of the substances are androstenedione, stanozolol, axiron, and fortesta. Most related to unwanted androgenic effects, such as shrinking testicles, enlarged prostate gland, and lower sperm levels. Some of the adverse effects are potentially serious and irreversible and they include heart, liver, and immune system problems. Behavior changes may include aggression, paranoia, mood swings, low sex drive, and depression.

Harmful effects have been reported for several ergogenic products. Additional risky supplements in the ephedrine class include androstenedione and other “prohormone” precursors to testosterone, yohimbine, and products that contain kava. Adverse effects have also been reported with carbohydrate supplementation. Increased insulin levels after carbohydrate consumption were shown to significantly decrease blood glucose levels in some athletes, and fructose-containing solutions have been associated with adverse gastrointestinal effects in some studies.

Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA)

The most dangerous and harmful steroid in humans by using synthetic versions to increase steroid production. This supplement will physiologic in testosterone synthesis. The testosterone level will increase in women but do not change in men. They would likely cause the many adverse effects associated with anabolic steroids.

Diuretics

The medications that make a person urinate more frequently. They use this substance that will help dilute performance-enhancing drugs. This also can cause a variety of harmful side effects such as cramping, dizziness, blood pressure drops, and electrolyte imbalances.

Blood doping

Blood doping is the process of boosting red blood cells to help carry more oxygen to the muscles and lungs. It can be done through a blood transfusion or by taking drugs like erythropoietin. Blood doping has been linked to strokes, allergic reactions, and infections.

Erythropoietin

Athletes use this medication to make more red blood cells in their bodies. This can increase the ability to use oxygen because these cells can carry the oxygen.

Medication doctors prescribe for people who don’t make a lot of red blood cells. Athletes use medicine to make more red blood cells in their bodies. This can increase a person’s ability to use oxygen because these cells carry oxygen. Endurance athletes may especially try to use erythropoietin because they believe they can perform longer with more oxygen. However, using the medication when not medically needed can cause blood clots and death.

Blood doping is the process that cost Lance Armstrong his Tour de France titles.

Ephedrine is a central nervous stimulant. Ephedrine produces similar effects to adrenaline, but it too can be dangerous. It can cause serious cardiovascular effects, including stroke, and a whole host of other problems. Both athletic organizations and the FDA have banned it.

Creatine

It will increase our performance. Creatine always is used by the athlete to improve their performance and can increase the high intensity of their training. Creatine also made our body gain lean muscle mass. It also can increase our strength 5 to 15 percent of body strength but creatine also has the bad effect such as cramping and dehydration. It also completely unknown for the long-term effect on our body.

Human growth hormone (HGH)

This aid is usually used by the body builder. Some bodybuilder takes large doses to decrease the fat and increases the muscle mass. Many side effects have been detected by using this doses such as enlarged organs and chronic disease. Effects include heart and nerve diseases, glucose intolerance, and higher levels of blood fats Other effects also come from the extra HGH levels in the body along with what is already produced by the pituitary glands.

Caffeine

Even the caffeine can increases mental alertness and lowers the fatigue, it may cause irritability, restlessness, diarrhea, insomnia, and anxiety if used excessively. It usually found in the coffee, tea chocolate, and soft drinks. Ergogenic doses of caffeine may cause restlessness, nervousness, insomnia, and tremors. At least 17 deaths have been linked to products that combine caffeine and ephedrine.

Ephedrine

Some athletes use this supplements to improve their performance, have more energy or decrease their body fat but an athlete that use ephedrine may find that it helps them farther and faster but some research that it will have side effects. This is why the National Football League, the National Collegiate Athletic Association and the International Olympic Committee have all taken steps to keep it off the playing fields.

It’s also a central nervous stimulant. Ephedrine produces similar effects to adrenaline, but it too can be dangerous. It can cause serious cardiovascular effects, including stroke, and a whole host of other problems. Both athletic organizations and the FDA have banned it.

Chris Froome a cyclist athlete – failed in a drug test

Chris Froome is an international athlete in cyclist that hold four times Tour de France champion are failed a drug test that been doing by World Anti-doping Agencies(WADA). Chris Froome has asthma and he recommended to take the asthma drug for his cure to his disease and take according to the volume that allowed. But in this case, Chris Froome are failed in drug test because he was found that he has a double the allowed level of the legal asthma drug that is Salbutamol in his urine on a test that taken on 7 September 2017 by World Anti-doping Agencies(WADA) during the Vuelta an Espana, which the 32 years old went on to win. Salbutamol is a medication that opens up the medium and large airways in the lungs. It is used to treat asthma including asthma attacks, exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Conclusion

Ergogenic aids are a substance that benefits many athletes. It can also improve athlete performance. Ergogenic aids can enhance the athlete’s spirit for training because ergogenic aids have a positive effect in the shortest time. This will give the athlete confidence to practice continuously. Ergogenic aids are divided into several parts, including nutrition, physiology, psychology and so on. Many athletes use ergogenic aids to make recovery because they have used a lot of muscles during training. Ergogenic aids should be taken according to body requirements in order to help improve athlete performance. If taking excessively it can be harmful to the body. Athletes who take ergogenic aids should seek advice from experts so as not to impair the athlete’s health. If not follow the instructions from the expert it will cause the current performance of the competition to decline. In addition to providing athlete’s goodness to improve performance, ergogenic aids also harm the athlete. Examples of ergogenic aids forbidden to take athlete are anabolic steroids. Ergogenic aids should be taken in a healthy way so that our performance improves and can provide health to the body.

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