According to Kaur, S., & Singh, A. (2014) Emotional maturity is an attribute of the individual that is generally adopted. By attaining emotional maturity, they manage and balance their emotional reactions in day-to-day life. If a person reached their emotional maturity they will have the act of handling their emotions whether it is a positive emotion or negative emotion and able to articulate behavior inappropriate in a different situation. Therefore, emotional maturity is a process of firmness of feelings and self-control. Some researcher proclaims a study a general hypothesis that interrelationship between parents and adolescents can develop positive effect include healthy identity, taking skills and self-confidence specifically in making decisions by (Mauser et. Al. 1984; Eccles, et al., 1991; Allison &Sabatelli, 1988). In the healthy relationship with parents is a primary task for adolescence either boys or girls for them to develop, but girls are more to separate from their parents than boys. In these eras, we can notice that misunderstanding between parents and children are very observable. Most of the parent is experiencing conflict with their children especially the boys because they are likely disapproving particularly in parental guidance neither in academics nor in outside of school, wherein girls are more relying or follow in their parents.
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Making once own decisions are dissimilar particularly in gender differences. However according to Douvan Adelson (1966), Coleman (1961) researchers and on gender differences in acquiring decisions declare inconsistencies tells that boys are better in gaining assert decisions than girls. On the other hand, a recent study by Steinberg& Silverberg (1986) found emotional maturity in early 53 years old and highlighted the scoring that girls are higher on self-reliance scales than boys. According to Hangel Suneetha et.al. (2007), Other studies showed that a mother who has a job has a big chance to have a child a stable emotional maturity than the children of unemployed mothers and female children of working mothers are highly self-achievement orientation. It is evident that there are an effect and a significant correlation between emotional maturity and academic achievement. In contrast, there are a few studies of missed to perform the importance of the two variables and others are getting their negative result. Moreover, others pretense the differences between male and female based on their emotional maturity and academic achievement.
There is no exact result in these studies and need a further experiment or test to conduct. According to Aggarwal (2007), Another study of adolescents on social maturity in correlate with cognitive and non-cognitive variables supported that there is no relationship between social maturity and academic achievement. It also initiates that there’s no importance in gender differences based on social maturity. Thus, Rani Swarupa and C.R. Prabha (2008), experiment it emphasized that among the boys and girls and it consists of 180 adolescent’s females were mostly socially matured than boys. According to Lekhi (2005), it shows that there is no significant correlation in the emotional maturity and emotional intelligence among boys and girls. It is observed that boys got a low score (yet being stated as emotionally matured) in correlating to girls. However emotional maturity differences among rural and urban adolescents are observed. She concludes that emotional maturity has negative effect especially in intellectual and academic achievements By Lekhi, V. (2005). Kalyandevi, T. and C. Prathima (2008) studied social maturity among adolescence and have 240 respondents currently on 8th, 9th and 10th standards the outcome showed that no grade and gender differences in terms of social norms among adolescence. Nanda P., Chawla A. (2010) refers to urban adolescence female how their family type affects their age and concluded that there has a limited effect on emotional maturity. Pam W. (2009) studied on emotional maturity among adolescence following, even though there are many cases related to adults. Skinner (2001) characterize emotional maturity as “the degree to which the person has realized his potentials for richness if living and has developed his capacity to enjoy things, to relate himself to others, to love and to laugh, his capacity for wholeheartedness”.
Thus, emotional maturity may also describe as the capabilities of the individual to evaluate the situation and to act appropriately to what is best for own’s self and for another person for their interactions. Attributes of Emotional Maturity to have an emotional maturity characteristics checklist downward: Empathy, an emotion that you project to another person for them to feel more comfortable to you, it helps you becoming more matured as a person. Accountability, one traits to established emotional maturity is to be aware and accept when you’re mistaken and bear the outcomes to your mistakes with all consideration and honor. Self-awareness, it is the state when you were aware to know your weaknesses and strengths and assess your perception, standards and judgment to yourself and for others. Flexibility, this is when you’re giving accommodation specifically when it’s pertaining to other person is a best assurance of emotional maturity.
By acquiring these attributes there’s a trait to assure: first patience, second a healthy amount of confidence because you need to be clearheaded in making decision for you to be reliable but need assessment if you’ve mistaken. According to Kaur, S., & Singh, A. (2014) the importance of deviance was initiated in all other basis of El among the male and female students as the t-values outcome to be 4.005 (P<.01); 2.132 (P<.05); 2.313 (P<.05) and 1.983 (P < .05) in case of 1st, 3rd, 4th as well as total El. These provides the evidence that the males were superior on emotional intelligence on 1st (M = 15.74), 3rd (M= 15.93) and total El (M = 61.44) whereas the females were leading on 4th component (M = 15.98) than the males (M = 15.20). Emotions are effectual technique and strength over the individual’s lifespan, it has an impact in the determination of attaining actions and perception of an individual. Emotional maturity is the capabilities of an individual to evaluate an interrelationship of other person and to act appropriately what’s best for own self and for another individual’s interaction Malhotra, P., &Sihotra, K. (2013).
According to Walter et al. (1974), emotional maturity is a procedure in which the character has consistently endeavored for the greater impression of emotional health, both intra-psychically and intrapersonally. Precisely the study of emotional maturity is now increasing acknowledgment. Emotional Stability Emotionally stable means not easily angered or provoked, able to balance a person’s feelings, or remain calm in a situation (Madhavan, n.d.). It enables an individual to have appropriate feelings about a situation and act in a rational manner. An individual who is emotionally stable characterized personality traits where person has control over his emotional expressions, emotionally mature and stable, determines fantasy over reality’s life situations, possessing ego strength, elevated level of adjustment with unsolved emotional problems (Upadhayay, n.d.). Aleem, (2005) stated Emotional stability also helps to regulate the growth of adolescent development aside from being one of the indicators of the personality patterns. Moreover, it is one of the main individual and mental characteristics that discovers a person’s stability to the effects of stressful life situations. Emotionally stable person encompasses achievement such as educational, as well as in sport and professional fields. (Serebryakova, et.al., 2016).
Emotionally stable or low neuroticism, and conscientiousness believed to increase the span of life (Terracciano, et.al., 2008). However, Hogan & Holland (2003) defined emotional stability as one’s resilience to stress. It is a process in which the personality is continuously striving for a greater sense of emotional health. We all seek stability in one way or another and there are unpleasant consequences when we are unable to control our emotions, and relations are damaged at home, school and indeed in the workplace. (Smitson 1947). An individual with low in emotional stability has less capabilities to manage or tolerate stress, as a result, will less likely to be successful in managing stress in the workplace. One factor is reactive stress, partially a function of emotional stability measured 6 months earlier; and the relation between reactive stress and emotional stability at time 2 was adequately explained by time 1 emotional stability (Kaizer & Ozer, 1997). Moreover, Upadhayay (n.d) stated that a person who is emotionally unstable has a personality trait that indicates instability where individual is easily annoyed and angered, affected by his feelings, impatient, easily frustrate with unsatisfactory situations or conditions, highly anxious, tends to worry, sensitive, touchy, fearful, moody, unhappy and depressed whenever faced with stressful situations.
They have symptoms of neuroticism like phobias, unable to sleep well and psychotic disorders. Emotional stability is a relevant and useful state of human being. When you managed to control your emotions, yet still able to feel emotions and understand the reasons for an emotion, a strength or power in situations is gained (Chen, et.al., 2006). Further, Aleem, (2005) concluded that people can experience true empathy when they are emotionally stable, for empathy is the primary necessity for a successful relationship. For Example, Khaton (n.d.) found that effective teacher shows high emotional stability, deals well with their environment, better adjustment in his or her profession and equal treatment in their dealings with students and staffs members. Presentation of papers in conference and seminars, publication of article in journal and books and enhancing teaching skills through faculty development programs are considered as the self-professional development. In addition, emotionally stable has the capacity to make adjustment and accept himself, members of the family, his peers in the school, as well as society and culture. The ability to fully enjoy them, not just merely the capacity for such attitudes and functions (Aleem, 2005). According to Aleem, (2005), females easily became anxious than boys. Their feeling of insecurity, the lack of ability to make adjustment makes them less stable. They easily get irritated by the things and the people surrounding them, displaying marked dissatisfaction.
They also get annoyed with their increasing responsibilities. Whereas boys often face the society and tricky situations rather than running away from it. They are patient to withstand delay in the satisfaction of needs, has high tolerance over frustrating situations, beliefs in long-term planning and are able of delaying their expectations when it comes to the demands of the situation. Moreover, in the study of Wani, et.al. (2016), while comparing the mean scores of boys with girls it was found that boys are slightly more emotionally stable than girls Thus, emotionally stable adolescents may have the capacity to adjust their emotional functioning which means they have fewer symptoms of anxiety and depression (Chen, et.al., 2013). Many considerable researches support the concept that the workplace is an extension of the school and vice versa. Experiential and/or applied learning is increasingly viewed to develop formal learning systems by making learning more relevant and meaningful to the student (O’Neil, 2014). There are factors that affect a student’s career choices. Such factors would give parents, educators and industry and idea as to where most of the students gives their trust in the career selection process (Borchert, 2002). In the study of Witko, et.al., (2009), senior high school students rated career planning to be either ‘very important’ or ‘quite important’ now in their lives. Analyses revealed significant results for age ?2 (6, N = 2878) = 109.64, p = .00) and grade ?2 (12, N = 2877) = 111.33, p = .000).
Those senior high students who did not believe the importance of planning a career now indicated that it is more important ‘when I graduate from university’ and ‘when I am ready to work’ (Witko, et.al., 2009). Significance of the Study The generalization of the study would be the great contribution to the vast knowledge in relation to student’s achievements. The results and findings of the study deem to be beneficial to the following:
University of Mindanao. The results of the study can extend its information and application to the activities and programs for the outgoing teachers of the university. Furthermore, with the necessary details from the study, the university can make use of the findings that can enhance the capabilities with sureness in life that give them the satisfaction of its faculty and staff, allowing for the growth with the aspects of its members.
UM Psychology Program. This research shall be added to the pond of researchers in the BS Psychology program of the University of Mindanao. The findings of the study can provide answers to research gaps that have been addressed but lack of intervention by previous psychology researches.
Psychology Majors and Practitioners. Particularly for future researchers, this study would help in gaining new insights regarding the emotional maturity and emotional stability among the students. This could also be a pond of information in determining research pool that needs to be addressed.
Psychologists. The findings of the study can render help in generating new intervention approaches when dealing with the high and low maturity and stability level of the students. The study can help them get a wider perspective on the cases of the students and their needs as funders to the society. Definition of Terms
Emotional maturity – is the ability to empathize, share, listen, take responsibility for one’s own behavior and care about the feelings and needs of others.
Emotional stability – means firmly established or fixed, not easily upset or disturbed well balanced and capable to remain in same status.