Many government bodies today have begun to recognize the benefits of being transparency and open operation. Since transparency involves sharing of information which means the officials’ decisions, and those important rules and regulations are in the public domain. Therefore, it reducing the chances of corruption, increasing accountability as well as developing trust, credibility and reputation. Lack of information about the functioning of government agencies can lead to corruption of officials to cover their tracks. Especially when officials know that their decisions will be open to public, they will be less likely to act with self-interest. It would be appropriate to say that the least transparent governments exist in the most corrupt countries. Transparency and openness of government information have some significant benefits for governments and citizens on the following:
- Increasing accountability, limiting corruption
- Develops Trust, Credibility and Reputation
This is because the governments have to be accountable for all their actions and spending. Once the official’s decision is disclosed to public, all the citizens will also know the reasons and material facts on which the decision was based, and any discrepancy will be discussed by public. For instance, suppose there are 999 seats to be filled up in a government college, and the applicants are more than the number of seats. But if there is lack of transparency, the management might let the students who pay for bribe to fill up the seats first. However, if the process is transparent enough, students will know the marks they obtained in the qualifying exams. Consequently, if students with lower marks have been chosen, the decision of the management can be take action in courts.
Disclosing appropriate information may built a good relationship between the citizen and the government, this is due to more information is being able to access significantly reduces suspicion and therefore builds trust in government. More information and better flows of that information, are also critical to governments that have problems knowing what’s actually happening in their programs, especially in decentralised settings. It’s particularly true when it comes to things that are hard to know or monitor, for example health or education or road building in remote areas. So information flow in this way changes the ability for the government to manage its own programs.