There is no simple answer to the question of whether humans are naturally good or evil. Philosophers and thinkers have been debating this question for centuries, and there is still no consensus.
One argument for human goodness is that we are born with a sense of morality. We have an innate understanding of right and wrong, and we try to do what is good and avoid what is bad.
another argument for human goodness is that we are capable of altruism. We care about others and are willing to help them, even if there is no personal benefit to ourselves.
On the other hand, there are arguments for human evilness as well. One is that we are capable of great violence and destruction. We have a history of warfare and genocide, and we seem to be hardwired for aggression.
Another argument is that we are selfish creatures. We are always looking out for ourselves and our own interests, and we are not always willing to help others.
So, which is it? Are humans naturally good or evil? The answer is complicated, and it may depend on your definition of “good” and “evil.” But one thing is clear: human beings are capable of both good and evil, and it is up to us to choose which side we will stand on.
The way people think about things varies from person to person, and vice versa. This is due on account of the various perceptions that humans have. “During the period when men live without a general authority to keep them in awe, they are in a state of war; and such a war, as though it were fought by every man against every other.”
In other words, humans are naturally in a state of anarchy where everyone is out for themselves because there is no one to keep them in check. This is the result of the inherent selfishness in human nature. Even when people are living in groups, they are still primarily concerned with their own well-being and that of their loved ones rather than the good of the community as a whole. This is what gives rise to conflict and competition within society, as well as between different societies.
From a philosophical standpoint, there have been many debates over whether humans are innately good or evil. The most famous of these is probably the one between Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Thomas Hobbes. Rousseau believed that humans are innately good, but that they are corrupted by society. Hobbes, on the other hand, believed that humans are innately selfish and evil, and that it is only through the establishment of a strong central government that their selfish desires can be controlled and directed for the good of society.
There is no clear answer as to whether humans are innately good or evil. It is probably safe to say that humans are a mix of both. We have the capacity for both altruism and selfishness, for cooperation and competition. What ultimately determines our actions is the situation we find ourselves in and our own individual characters.
According to Hobbes, humans are naturally bad and require a strong government to keep order. Is this true? Rousseau disagrees. “In his arguments on the principles he (Thomas Hobbes) establishes, he should have stated that the state of nature, being the one in which our own preservation was least harmful to others’ welfare, was therefore the finest suited to promote peace and was also most conducive for mankind’s existence in the state of nature.
The first is that of a man who has nothing but his own strength and agility to rely on; the other, that of a perfectly simple creature, without any resources whatever. The latter supposition is the more natural one: for Hobbes does not give us an inkling of how men could come out of such a state.”
On the other hand, “Hobbes’s second supposition is more justifiable; for in fact we find men living in society at every stage of civilization, from the lowest to the highest. But this very fact ought to have led him to conclude that if men are naturally impelled to live together, it must be because this impulse is natural to them; and that if they make peace with one another, it is because they cannot do otherwise.”
It is evident that men are born good and not evil. However, it is also clear that the circumstances in which they live often turn them into wicked creatures. It all depends on the society in which they are brought up and the examples that are set before them.
In “Lord of the Flies,” William Golding explores this theme when boys are abandoned on a deserted island and attempt to build a society similar to ours. What happens to them? How have their experiences affected them? Are their actions moral or immoral? The actions of the kids were not necessarily good or bad, but rather self-preservation acts.
In other words, it is our innate human characteristics that are good or evil, not the actions we take. When discussing whether humans are naturally good or evil, it is important to consider what morality is. Morality can be defined as a system of beliefs about right and wrong behavior. There are many different moral systems in the world, with some more lenient than others. For example, some cultures have a moral code that allows for polygamy, while others do not. There is no one correct answer to the question of whether humans are naturally good or evil. It is a complex question that has been debated by philosophers and thinkers for centuries.
There are two main schools of thought when it comes to this issue: moral realism and moral relativism. Moral realism is the belief that there are objective moral truths that exist independently of human opinion. In other words, some things are intrinsically right or wrong, regardless of what anyone thinks about them. Moral relativism, on the other hand, is the belief that there is no such thing as objective morality – that right and wrong are subjective and depend on the individual or culture.
So, which of these two perspectives is correct? There is no easy answer. Many arguments have been made for both sides. Some people believe that humans are naturally good, citing examples of altruism and cooperation. Others believe that humans are naturally evil, citing examples of violence and war. Ultimately, it is up to each individual to decide what they believe.
In conclusion, the question of whether humans are naturally good or evil is a complex one with no easy answer. There are arguments to be made for both sides, and it is ultimately up to each individual to decide what they believe.